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Running Shoes

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If you are wondering what type of running shoe is best for you, there are a lot of factors to consider:

  • How active are you?
  • What sport/activity do you participate in the most?
  • What is the structure of your foot? (ex. high or low arches)


For the best type of running shoe, go to a specialty running shoe store or be evaluated by a physical therapist. There are a lot of factors that make up the structure of a shoe. Here is a rough guideline on the different types of running shoes.



  • “Standard” running shoe


  • Stiffer than neutral shoes - more supportive
  • For over-pronator or low or flat arches
  • Have medial post on inside arch - hard, dense foam from the middle arch to back of heel


  • Similar to stability - have medial post, but generally less support and shorter post
  • More for only moderately low arches, or mild overpronation

Motion Control

  • Heavy, dense shoes that don’t allow any movement inwards or outwards
  • Long, heavy medial post and are very stiff
  • Made for those who have no arch and need lots of support - generally not recommended


  • Supposed to mimic running barefoot

Pronation:“Flat Foot” - a necessary component of normal running biomechanics, facilitating shock absorption and stabilization. But too much or too little will alter gait mechanics and can lead to injury.


ProAction Pointers

  • If you are having foot, knee or hip pain, it might be best to go to a physical therapist or foot specialist (podiatrist) to determine if there is something structural or mechanical that could be contributing to your pain.

  • The best way to determine what shoe is right for you is to go to a specialty running shoe store to have a specific type of shoe fitted for you.

  • When it comes down to it, comfort matters the most! Find a shoe that meets your needs, but also go by what feels best for you!




For more information about ProAction Physical Therapy, please visit our website at www.ProActionPT.com or email us at