- Making a novel array of color sensor including eleven porphyrins and one pH indicator
- Assembling an olfactory visualization system for sensory evaluation of black tea
- Optimizing color components of the array using particle swarm optimization algorithm
- Developing back propagation neural network model to evaluate aroma quality of black tea
Aroma is an important index to evaluate the quality and grade of black tea. This work innovatively proposed the sensory evaluation of black tea aroma quality based on an olfactory visual sensor system. Firstly, the olfactory visualization system, which can visually represent the aroma quality of black tea, was assembled using a lab-made color sensitive sensor array including eleven porphyrins and one pH indicator for data acquisition and color components extraction. Then, the color components from different color sensitive spots were optimized using the particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm. Finally, the back propagation neural network (BPNN) model was developed using the optimized characteristic color components for the sensory evaluation of black tea aroma quality. Results demonstrated that the BPNN models, which were developed using three color components from FTPPFeCl (component G), MTPPTE (component B) and BTB (component B), can get better results based on comprehensive consideration of the generalization performance of the model and the fabrication cost of the sensor. In the validation set, the average of correlation coefficient (RP) value was 0.8843 and the variance was 0.0362. The average of root mean square error of prediction (RMSEP) was 0.3811 and the variance was 0.0525. The overall results sufficiently reveal that the optimized sensor array has promising applications for the sensory evaluation of black tea products in the process of practical production.