Selected Sci-News Items Oct 10 - Oct 16, 2020

General Interest    Cosmos    Innovation    Health    Nature    Environment    Climate
 
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Oct  19: Innovations for the People: The GEAR Lab at MIT
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CORONAVIRUS 

Treehugger, October 13, 2020
This DIY 'Comparetto Cube' filter is so easy that 'a child could do it.'

New York Times, October 14, 2020
The condition is affecting thousands of patients, impeding their ability to work and function in daily life.

Washington Post, October 13, 2020
"Never in the history of public health has herd immunity been used as a strategy for responding to an outbreak, let alone a pandemic," WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said.

STAT, October 09, 2020
Expect snafus. Expect confusion. Despite the best of intentions and months of painstaking planning to figure out how to get vaccines to people in an ethical order, doing so is going to be a gargantuan and sometimes messy task.

NPR/Shots, October 13, 2020
A new report in the Journal of the American Medical Association finds that in the past five months, per capita deaths in the U.S., both from COVID-19 and other causes, have been far greater than in 18 other high-income countries.


GENERAL INTEREST

Archeology, November-December 2020 issue
A lump of beeswax wrapped in plant material and tied with twine discovered in South Africa's Border Cave in 2012 suggests that early hunter-gatherers may have been making a type of honey-based alcohol there as long as 40,000 years ago.

Phys.Org, October 06, 2020
Carnegie Mellon University computer scientists and mathematicians have resolved the last, stubborn piece of Keller's conjecture, a geometry problem that scientists have puzzled over for 90 years.

Smithsonian, October 30, 2018 (archive)
Meet the sensory scientist who is decoding the terroir of chocolate-and working to safeguard the cacao plant that gives us the sweet dark treat.

New Clues to Chemical Origins of Metabolism at Dawn of Life
Quanta, October 12, 2020
The ingredients for reactions ancestral to metabolism could have formed very easily in the primordial soup, new work suggests.

Symmetry, October 08, 2020
An art exhibit at the Science Gallery Dublin combines art and science to illuminate the invisible nature of dark matter.

COSMOS  
 
The Moon is the Perfect Spot for SETI
Universe Today, October 11, 2020
A team of astronomers recently recommended that a radio telescope on the far side of the  Moon (or in lunar orbit) could aid in another important area of research: the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI)!

Astronomers Report Two New Space Oddities
Cosmos, October 13, 2020
Death by spaghettification and a stellar peacock.

Extremely Rare Higgs Boson Decay Process Spotted
Phys.Org., October 07, 2020
This summer, for the first time, particle physicists using data collected by the experiment known as the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) at the LHC, have found evidence that the Higgs boson decays into a pair of elementary particles called muons.

A Powerful New Tool to Study the Cosmos
Symmetry, October 13, 2020
Rubin Observatory will bring new capabilities to the studies of dark matter and dark energy.

Planet Mars Is At Its 'Biggest and Brightest'
BBC News, October 12, 2020   
Every 26 months, Mars and Earth take up this arrangement, moving close together, before then diverging again on their separate orbits around our star.


INNOVATION

Nature, October 14, 2020
A compound of hydrogen, carbon and sulfur has broken a symbolic barrier - but its high pressure conditions make it difficult to analyze.

Carbon Brief, October 13, 202
The world's best solar power schemes now offer the "cheapest...electricity in history" with the technology cheaper than coal and gas in most major countries.

Nanoscale Machines Convert Light Into Work
Phys.Org, October 08, 2020
These optically powered machines self-assemble and could be used for nanoscale manipulation of tiny cargo for applications such as nano-fluidics and particle sorting.

Anthropocene, October 08, 2020
Putting solar farms on water has benefits, but coupling them with hydropower amps them up and could provide almost half of the world's electricity.

Bringing the Chill of the Cosmos to a Warming Planet
Washington Post, October -7, 2020
Scientists are tapping into a law of physics to create cooling systems that work without special fuel or electricity.

HEALTH 

Healthline, April 26, 2019 (archive)
While a high intake of refined grains is linked to health problems like obesity and inflammation, whole grains are a different story.

Rest Better With Light Exercises
New York Times, October 10, 2020
Stretching and meditative movement like yoga before bed can improve the quality of your sleep and the amount you sleep. Here is a short and calming routine of 11 stretches and exercises.

5 Remarkable Health Benefits of a Plant-Based Diet
Treehugger, December 14, 2019 (archive)
Aside from being so much better for the planet, a plant-based diet may be best for human health as well.

Science, October 07, 2020
Tinnitus-a constant ringing or buzzing in the ears that affects about 15% of people-is difficult to understand and even harder to treat.

The Conversation, October 09, 2020
In 1954 the revolutionary "nonstick" Teflon pan was introduced. Since then, an entire class of human-made chemicals has evolved: per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances, better known as PFAS.

NATURE

Hakkai, October 06, 2020
A faraway island in Alaska has had its share of visitors, but none can remain for long on its shores.
 
Sci-News, September 08, 2020
A new study reveals a mechanism that may contribute to the formation of sharply pointed rock spires in striking landforms called stone forests.

Science, October 12, 2020
Geologists examining petrified wood from the park have found evidence that 800 years ago, Old Faithful stopped erupting entirely for several decades, in response to a severe drought.

How Planting 70 Million Eelgrass Seeds Led To an Ecosystem's Rapid Recovery
Science News, October 14, 2020
The study is a blueprint for capitalizing on this habitat's capacity to store carbon.

Treehugger, October 03, 2020
These ancient arachnids are as fascinating as they are frightening.


ENVIRONMENT 

Scientific American, October 05, 2020
It's immoral to saddle today's young people with an inheritance of environmental catastrophe

BBC News, October 08, 2020
They say the search is on for 50 solutions to the world's gravest environmental problems by 2030.

Climate Change: Ozone Hole Over Antarctic "Largest and Deepest" In Recent Years
The Independent, October 06, 2020
Freezing polar vortex driving depletion of vital protective layer, but enforcing bans on damaging chemicals remain essential, experts say.

As Waters Warm, Ocean Heatwaves Are Growing More Severe
Yale Environment 360, October 13, 2020
With oceans absorbing more than 90 percent of global warming, marine heatwaves are becoming hotter and larger and are lasting longer. Scientists say the trend has major ecological consequences, from altering fish and plant populations to forcing whales into hazardous waters.

The Guardian, October 12, 2020
Trillions of dollars of GDP depend on biodiversity, according to Swiss Re report.


CLIMATE 

National Geographic, October 13, 2020
By making us more aware of the nature around us, COVID-19 lockdowns could inspire us to fight back against climate disaster.

The Guardian, October 13, 2020
The region is unravelling faster than anyone could once have predicted. But there may still be time to act.

Multiple Extreme Climate Events Can Combine to Produce Catastrophic Damages
Yale Climate Connections, October 09, 2020
Concurrent extreme climate events can amount to a challenging 'two-fer' or even a 'three-fer' in terms of adverse impacts.

Inside Climate News, October 14, 2020
A new study identifies vast areas of farm and cropland that could be converted back to natural conditions to protect species and store carbon.

After a Year in the Ice, the Biggest-Ever Arctic Science Mission Ends
New York Times, October 12, 2020
The research ship Polarstern docked in Germany after nearly 13 months studying the rapidly changing region.
 
 

 
 
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