Selected Sci-News Items  September 27 - October 04,  2019
 
General Interest    Cosmos    Innovation    Health    Nature    Environment    Climate

 
SftPublic Oct 08   Self-Organization of Cell Architecture
 
 
 

GENERAL INTEREST  
 
The Guardian, October 04, 2019 
Nonpartisan task-force of ex-government officials reports 'almost weekly violations' of norms meant to safeguard objective research.

Washington Post, September 30, 2019 
A study released Monday green-lighting the consumption of processed and red meat has much of the medical community seeing red.

Smash 'Em, Bake 'Em or Sit on 'Em: The Inexact Science of Breaking In Gloves
New York Times, September 27, 2019
Even major league fielders struggle to find that perfect shape for their most important defensive tool. And despite plenty of technology in the game, old-school techniques still reign.

Big Question About Primes Proved in Small Number Systems
Quanta, September 26, 2019
The twin primes conjecture is one of the most important and difficult questions in mathematics. Two mathematicians have solved a parallel version of the problem for small number systems.  
 
For Rachel Carson, Wonder Was a Radical State of Mind
Aeon, September 27, 2019
A trailblazing marine biologist who sparked the modern environmental movement with Silent Spring (1962), encouraged her readers to consciously cultivate habits of awe, to pay careful attention to the often-overlooked 'beauties and mysterious rhythms of the natural world'.


COSMOS  
 
Beyond Einstein: Mystery Surrounding Photon Momentum Solved
Science News, October 01, 2019
According to Einstein, light consists of particles (photons) that transfer only quantized energy to the electron of the atom. If the photon's energy is sufficient, it knocks the electrons out of the atom. But what happens to the photon's momentum in this process?
    
Astronauts Explore Caves on Earth, Learning the Skills They'll Need for the Moon and Mars
Universe Today, September 25, 2019
Upcoming missions to the surface of the Moon, and maybe Mars, present a whole new set of challenges.  One way astronauts are preparing is by exploring the extreme environment inside caves.
    
An Interstellar Comet, in Time for the Holidays
New York Times, October 01, 2019
On Dec. 7, the extrasolar comet now known as 2I/Borisov will make its closest approach to the sun. When this interstellar apparition announced itself in August, astronomers around the world fell over themselves trying to find out where it came from and where it was going.
    
This Giant Exoplanet Shouldn't Exist, But It Does
EarthSky, October 01, 2019
As the number of newly discovered exoplanets - planets orbiting distant suns - continues to rise, so do unexpected surprises.
    
NASA's New Black Hole Visualizations Showcase How Gravity Warps Light
Science News, September 27, 2019  (w/animation)
In April, astronomers wowed the world with the first real-life picture of a black hole. Now, images from computer simulations highlight in more detail how a black hole warps spacetime like a fun house mirror.


INNOVATION  
 
Top of the Class: Labour Seeks to Emulate Finland's School System
The Guardian, September 27, 2019
The Finnish education system is the envy of the world. Along with Tove Jansson Moomins, Nokia phones and Iittala glassware, it has become one of the country's most celebrated exports -- and it's easy to see why.

Elon Musk, Man of Steel, Reveals His Stainless Starship
Ars Technica, September 29, 2019
Three years ago, Musk's idea seemed audacious, mad, and brilliant, all at the same time. But mostly the vision seemed like science fiction. Now it seems a little more like science and a little less like fiction.

How to Set Your Google Data to Self-Destruct
New York Times, October 02, 2019
Google has now given us an option to set search and location data to automatically disappear after a certain time. We should all use it. 
 
Container Farming in the City
PRI/Living on Earth, September 27, 2019 (w/audio)
Modern industrial agriculture is a resource-intensive endeavor, requiring massive amounts of land, water, and energy. Some urban farmers are thinking outside the box by bringing their farms inside the box in the form of shipping containers.

What Do the Next 20 Years Hold for Artificial Intelligence?
TechXplore, September 30, 2019
If we don't invest in longer-term areas of research, there may not be a next generation of systems that will understand what our world is about, that will be better at learning about their tasks, and that will be more competent.


HEALTH    
 
Just A Handful Of Nuts May Help Keep Us From Packing On The Pounds As We Age
NPR/The Salt, September 30, 2019 (w/audio)
Nuts also help us feel full longer, which might offset cravings for junk food.

Flu Vaccine Selections May Be an Ominous Sign for This Winter
STAT, September 30, 2019
It is never an easy business to predict which flu viruses will make people sick the following winter. And there's reason to believe two of the four choices made last winter for this upcoming season's vaccine could be off the mark. 
 
Personalized Diets May Be the Future of Nutrition. But the Science Isn't All There Yet
Science News, September 30, 2019
People can react very differently to the same foods, research shows.

Lutein Supplements Are Everywhere. Here's What You Need to Know About This Nutrient.
Washington Post, September 23, 2019
So, ideally how much L/Z do we need? Do we really need to shop the nutraceutical aisles or buy fortified eggs to get it?  
 
As We Age, Oral Health Plays Increasing Role in Overall Health
Science Daily, September 26, 2019
Oral health is a critical component to overall health for all ages, but according to dental and medical experts, vigilance is especially critical for the elderly.


NATURE  
 
Mouths, Snouts and Beaks: The Most Bizarre Mouths in the Animal World
Deutsche Welle, September 26, 2019
Long and pointy, wide and oddly-shaped, and sometimes monstrously large - the animal kingdom has some seriously impressive mouths. Here are some of the most fascinating.

Anak Krakatau Volcano Collapse: 'Warning Signs Were There'
BBC News, October 02, 2019
Anak Krakatau, the Indonesian island volcano that collapsed last December triggering a huge tsunami, did produce clear warning signals before the event.
 
Your Brain Chooses What to Let You See
Quanta, September 30, 2019
Beneath our awareness, the brain lets certain kinds of stimuli automatically capture our attention by lowering the priority of the rest.

Enigmatic Origin of Diamond-Bearing Rocks Revealed
Nature, September 25, 2019
Kimberlites are volcanic rocks that derive from deep in Earth's mantle, but the nature of their source is uncertain. A study of this source's evolution over two billion years provides valuable information about its properties.

Now You See Them, Now You Don't: Embryonic Muscles Echo Evolution
Cosmos, October 02, 2019
Muscles thought discarded during the long descent that shaped humanity are in fact still present in embryos - providing a fascinating insight into the workings of evolution.


ENVIRONMENT   
 
Uncovering How Microbes in the Soil Influence Our Health and Our Food
Washington Post, September 25, 2019
When Bill Robertson, a soil scientist at the University of Arkansas, wants to check whether a field is healthy, he doesn't reach for some high-tech gadget. He grabs a pair of men's 100 percent cotton underwear.

Giant Iceberg Breaks Off East Antarctica
The Guardian, September 30, 2019
A gigantic iceberg about the size of greater London has calved from the Amery ice shelf in east Antarctica, according to expert monitors.

Climate Change Threatens the World's Fisheries, Food Billions of People Rely On
Inside Climate Change, September 29, 2019
More than 3 billion people depend on fish as a major source of protein. By the end of the century, a quarter of the sustainable fish catch could be gone.

S.C. Johnson Joins Coca-Cola and PepsiCo in Ditching Ties to Plastics Industry Association: 'This Trend Will Only Continue'
Newsweek, September 25, 2019
The Plastics Industry Association has previously lobbied for states to prohibit banning plastic bags and to speak out against imposing stricter restrictions on plastic use across the country.

'Worse Than Anyone Expected': Air Travel Emissions Vastly Outpace Predictions
New York Times, September 19, 2019
The findings put pressure on airline regulators to take stronger action to fight climate change as they prepare for a summit next week.


CLIMATE   
 
Britain's 'Underwater Forests' Could Be Key to Beating Climate Change Says Sir David Attenborough
The Telegraph, October 01, 2019
Launching the Help Our Kelp campaign today, Sir David said that the algae seaweed was "vital" for tackling climate change.

A Brief Introduction to Climate Change and Transportation
Yale Climate Connections, September 22, 2019
How to reconcile people's love affair with their vehicles and society's need to reduce carbon emissions?

How Oceans Rise and Die on a Warming Planet
New Yorker, September 26, 2019
"The Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate," a major scientific report by the U.N.'s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, concludes that
human activities have made the oceans increasingly inhospitable to marine life and have caused glacial melt and sea-level rise to happen at an even faster rate than scientists had previously projected.

Climate Change Report Card: These Countries Are Reaching Targets
National Geographic, September 19, 2019
Which nations are on track to meet climate goals and which are tanking?
 
Are We at a Climate Change Turning Point? Obama's EPA Chief Thinks So
Scientific American, September 23, 2019
Gina McCarthy talks about the intersection of climate and health and the Trump administration's environmental rollbacks.

   


 
 
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