SEPTEMBER 2022
Greetings from the Community Foundation!

The last weeks of summer are already ushering in the usual uptick in questions about charitable giving and year-end tax planning. Typically, in the weeks leading up to the fourth quarter, we field quite a few questions from advisors and donors about the laws governing nonprofits and charitable giving in general. We are always glad to hear from you!

We know that it is easy to get caught up in the minutia of specific charitable giving vehicles and the ever-changing tax laws at the expense of the valuable big pictureWe’re hearing questions like: “How much should I give to charity this year? Remind me what’s deductible and what’s not? What am I missing in my tax planning that could really save me money and help me support my favorite causes? Can you explain this whole foundation concept again? It’s been a while.”

The team at the Community Foundation is here to help. We are always happy to join you for “lay of the land” conversations to help ground your clients in the charitable priorities that mean the most to them, and then connect the dots to actual charitable planning vehicles that will help your clients support the community, save taxes, and create legacies for future generations, all at the same time. We’re also always happy to forward you resources, articles, and tutorials that can help quickly orient your clients to the philanthropy industry as a whole. (We really like this overview sheet, for example, from Candid.) 

Thank you for the opportunity to serve you and your clients. We look forward to hearing from you in the weeks and months ahead as you bring your clients’ 2022 charitable giving goals to a successful conclusion. 
EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR
Community Foundation for South Central New York
Inherited IRAs: Big headache, or big opportunity? 
Don’t be surprised if your clients are walking into your office in a state of bewilderment over something they’ve read recently about the IRS’s distribution rules for inherited IRAs. 

What’s the back story?
Until the law changed a few years ago, a client who was named as the beneficiary of a parent’s IRA, for example, could count on a relatively straightforward and tax-savvy method of withdrawals called the “stretch IRA.” With the passage of the SECURE Act, that changed for many clients who inherited an IRA after December 31, 2019. Instead of taking distributions over their lifetimes, affected clients would need to withdraw the entire inherited IRA account within a 10-year period as calculated under the law. 

What’s the problem now?
Too bad about the loss of the stretch IRA, but we’ve all had time to adjust to the new IRS rules, right? Wrong. Unfortunately, the IRS rules are, at the moment, clear as mud. Concern escalated when the IRS issued proposed (but not yet final) regulations earlier this year. Advisors and clients are facing an acute discrepancy between what had been understood by practitioners immediately after the SECURE Act was passed, on one hand, and what the IRS has included in the proposed regulations, on the other hand.

Specifically, some non-spouse beneficiaries of an inherited IRA may not be able to wait until the 10-year post-inheritance mark to fully withdraw the funds in a lump sum, but instead, according to the proposed regulations, must begin taking annual distributions immediately following the inheritance and throughout the statutory 10-year period during which all funds must be withdrawn. This is a hard pill to swallow for clients who were counting on years of additional tax-free growth and who had hoped to defer an income tax hit until a lower-income year.

The situation is complicated but worth understanding (we like this very clear article) because of the potential headaches the proposed regulation could cause for your clients who are caught in the gray area.    

A charitable giving opportunity?
The current state of confusion could present a golden opportunity to serve your philanthropic clients.

First, anytime you are talking about IRAs, inherited or not, you’ll want to make sure your client knows about Qualified Charitable Distributions (QCDs). As tax enthusiasts, we may feel we talk about QCDs all the time. Hearing the message multiple times, though, is crucial in order for clients–who are likely not tax experts–to truly appreciate the benefits of the QCD. 

As a reminder, through QCDs, a client who is 70½ or older can use a traditional IRA to distribute up to $100,000 ($200,000 for a couple) per year, which happily counts toward satisfying Required Minimum Distributions, to a qualified charity, including certain types of funds at the community foundation. The distribution is not reported by the client as taxable income because it goes straight to charity.  
 
Second, for your clients owning inherited IRAs who are caught in the confusion of SECURE Act proposed regulations, a QCD could come in very handy. The IRS does permit taxpayers to make QCDs from inherited IRAs, not just their own IRAs. This option could be a welcome relief to clients who are facing the more stringent proposed IRS regulations governing the payout requirements for inherited IRAs.

Please contact us if you have questions about how your clients can use their IRAs to support their favorite charitable causes. We’d be glad to help. 
Highly-appreciated stock:
If your client missed the ideal window, it’s still not too late to support charity.
During a routine check-in meeting, your client casually mentions that the client’s employer, a local company, was just acquired. The client and dozens of fellow employee shareholders are now flush with cash. “I’d like to use some of the money to give to charity,” the client tells you. “Let’s talk about a family fund at the Community Foundation.”

You try not to flinch as you mentally calculate the capital gains taxes your client could have avoided if the client had given some of those shares to a fund at the Community Foundation years ago when the company was clearly growing fast, making it a natural target for acquisition or IPO, but well before an exit was in the works.  

All is not lost. You can still help the client establish a donor-advised, field-of-interest, unrestricted, or another type of fund at the Community Foundation to fulfill the client’s charitable intentions. The client’s gifts to the fund qualify for a charitable tax deduction in the current tax year, helping to offset the income from the sale of the shares.  

Still, this situation is all too common and a good reason to regularly remind clients about their options for making gifts to charity and the tax benefits of each.

Giving cash to a public charity, which is what your client in this situation will be doing (!), is always a viable option. The general rule is that your client can deduct cash gifts to up to 60% of their adjusted gross income (AGI) in any given year. While this may not completely offset large gains from the sale of the stock, it will help to reduce the client’s taxable income.

Giving appreciated stock, which is what you wish your client had done, is a very tax-effective method of supporting public charities. Clients who donate stock outright avoid all capital gains tax that would be levied on a sale of the stock if it were sold prior to making the donation. Even with the 30 percent of AGI limitation imposed on gifts of highly appreciated, long-term capital gains property to a public charity, your client likely will still come out ahead because the client’s AGI is presumably a lot lower than it will be in the year of a future stock sale
The team at the Community Foundation for South Central New York is a resource and sounding board as you serve your philanthropic clients. We understand the charitable side of the equation and are happy to serve as a secondary source as you manage the primary relationship with your clients. This newsletter is provided for informational purposes only. It is not intended as legal, accounting, or financial planning advice.
Community Foundation for South Central New York | (607) 772-6773