in Pennsylvania went on record as being the first to oppose slavery with their
Germantown Petition of 1688,
just 6 years after
founded the colony.
a Protestant Christian Huguenot, fled persecution in France to England, then migrated with his family to Philadelphia at age 17.
He joined the
and worked as a teacher.
Beginning in 1750, after school hours,
began bringing slave children into his home where he taught them to read.
He also advocated for Indian Natives and started the first school for girls in America in 1754.
In 1758, at the
yearly Quaker Meeting
and Quaker John Woolman, convinced
to publicly go on record as being
officially against slavery.
wrote in "Warning to Great Britain ... of the Calamitous State of the Enslaved Negroes" that:
"Slavery ... contradicted the precepts and example of Christ? ...
Bondage ... imposed on the Africans, is absolutely repugnant to justice ... shocking to humanity, violative of every generous sentiment, abhorrent utterly from the Christian religion."
led Quakers to found the
Negro School at Philadelphia,
being encouraged by both Methodist founder
condemned slavery in his tract "Account of Guinea ... An Inquiry into the Rise & Progress of the Slave Trade, Its Nature & Lamentable Effects."
After reading it,
came under conviction, writing to Robert Pleasants in 1773:
"I take this opportunity to acknowledge ye receipt of
Anthony Benezet's book against the slave trade.
I thank you for it. Would any one believe that I am a master of slaves of my own purchase? I am drawn along by ye general inconvenience of living without them; I will not, I cannot justify it."
helped found the
Society for the Relief of Free Negroes Unlawfully Held in Bondage,
with 17 of the 24 founders being Quakers.
It was the
first society in America dedicated to abolishing slavery.
In 1784, its name was changed to
Pennsylvania Society for Promoting the Abolition of Slavery & the Relief of Free Negroes Unlawfully Held in Bondage.
became its president
English anti-slavery associate was
a student at Cambridge University who was honored with first prize for writing
"An Essay on the Slavery and Commerce of the Human Species,"
1785, in which he wrote:
"Slavery is ... a crime, which being both of individuals and the nation, must sometime draw down upon us the heaviest judgment of Almighty God, who made of one blood all the sons of men, and who gave to all equally a natural right to liberty."
In 1787, the
Northwest Ordinance outlawed slavery
in the territory which would become
Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Minnesota,
who prohibited slavery among their members, formally petitioned the U.S. Congress on February 11, 1790, to
, a Signer of the Constitution from Delaware, converted to Methodism,
freed all his slaves and paid them as hired labor
, Congress passed the
Slave Importation Act, prohibiting further importation of slaves
slave trading ships.
Francis Scott Key
fought a seven year legal battle to free the African slaves from the captured ship
With the help of
Francis Scott Key,
Congressman and former President
John Quincy Adams
fought the legal battle to free African slaves from the ship
worked to end slavery by
removing Congress' Gag Rule
Prior to the Civil War,
34 States outlawed slavery
New Hampshire 1788,
Rhode Island 1790,
New York 1799,
New Jersey 1804,
Three Secular Reasons Why America Should be Under God
In 1850, Congress passed the
Fugitive Slave Act.
A historical marker in Wisconsin reads:
was a runaway slave who sought freedom in Racine. In 1854, his Missouri owner used the
Fugitive Slave Act
to apprehend him. This 1850 law permitted slave catchers to cross state lines to capture escaped slaves.
was taken to Milwaukee and imprisoned.
Word spread about
incarceration and a great crowd (5,000) gathered around the jail demanding his release. They beat down the jail door and released
He was eventually escorted to Canada and safety.
incident helped galvanize abolitionist sentiment in Wisconsin. This case eventually led the state supreme court to defy the federal government by declaring the
Fugitive Slave Act
Shorty afterwards, in 1854, Wisconsin citizens met in a schoolhouse in
to form what would become the
The original 1856
"Resolved ... it is both the right and the imperative duty of Congress to prohibit in the Territories those
twin relics of barbarism -- Polygamy and Slavery
The territories, after the
Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854,
were flooded with Democrat slaveholders who wanted to bring additional slave states into the Union. This led to years of violence, called
One of the founders of the Republican Party was
U.S. Senator Charles Sumner
was vocal in his stand against slavery, accusing
of having a "mistress ... the harlot, Slavery."
On May 22, 1856,
Democrat Congressman Preston Brooks
as he sat at his desk in the Senate chamber and
struck him with a thick gutta-percha cane with a gold head.
Brooks continued to beat Charles Sumner till his desk
, which had been bolted to the floor, was
Blinded by his own blood,
attempted to get up and stagger away down the aisle, but
Brooks kept striking him.
When other Senators tried to rescue Sumner,
Democrat Congressman Laurence Keitt brandished a pistol
gutta-percha cane broke and
lay motionless on the floor.
William Cullen Bryant, editor of the
New York Evening Post
, wrote of the
The South cannot tolerate free speech anywhere
, and would stifle it in Washington with
and the bowie-knife, as they are now trying to stifle it in Kansas by massacre, rapine, and murder ...
Are we to be chastised as they chastise their slaves ...
a target for their brutal blows
After the Civil War, slavery was ended when
pushed through the
continued to discriminate against freed slaves.
in 1868 to force States to give rights to freed slaves, and the
in 1870, to prohibit Democrat intimidation at polls.
In the 1960s, under LBJ,
s did a big switch in tactics from
thus attempting to control minority votes through the Great Society Welfare State.
died MARCH 11, 1874, having never fully recovered from those injuries.
"Familiarity with that great story of redemption, when
God raised up the slave-born Moses
to deliver His chosen people from bondage,
and with that sublimer story where
our Saviour died a cruel death that all men, without distinction of race, might be saved, makes slavery impossible
"There is no reason for renouncing Christianity, or for surrendering to the false religions;
nor do I doubt that
Christianity will yet prevail over the earth as the waters cover the sea."