Stable Sheet - February 2018
US Equestrian News Item
American Horse Council Webinar to
Discuss ELD Mandate



The American Horse Council hosted a webinar on Feb. 12 at 3 p.m. ET
(11 a.m. PST) to discuss the recent Electronic Logging Device (ELD) Mandate, which the AHC notes has caused much confusion in the equine industry.

In addition to hosting the webinar—which requires registration but is open both to AHC members and to non-members—the AHC also has published two informational brochures. One is about the ELD Mandate , and the other is about the Commercial Driver’s License , or CDL. Both brochures are available online at the AHC’s website .

“We have been getting quite a few phone calls and emails with questions about the ELD Mandate and how it is going to not only affect the industry, but individuals as well,” said AHC president Julie Broadway. “We hope that holding a webinar addressing the mandate would be a complement to the brochures we have already put together on this issue.”

The webinar will address the details of what the ELD Mandate includes and who is required to have an electronic logging device. It also will cover requirements for the Commercial Driver’s License, as well as what the AHC is doing to mitigate the effects of the proposed changes on the equine industry.
Both AHC members and non-members are encouraged to attend the webinar. The webinar has been recorded and posted on the AHC website for those that could not attend.
10 HORSE SHOW RULES
For kids (and some adults)
  1. Always smile
  2. Be positive
  3. Help others
  4. Be respectful
  5. Prepare and practice
  6. Keep safe
  7. Be patient
  8. Listen
  9. Practice Sportsmanship
  10. LOVE YOUR HORSE
 
Someone added – no crying – rule #11
Breeding Your Mare using Frozen Semen
An Original Article Written by Lorraine Beaumont, DVM
 
My first experience with breeding a mare was over 50 yrs. ago when, as a horse crazy teenager, I wanted to breed my grade mare to an Arab stallion. We simply hauled her over to a local stallion, left her for a few days, and brought her home to wait 11 mos. NO consideration of A.I., NO uterine culture or cytology, NO pregnancy check, Not even a written contract. Certainly frozen semen for horses was out of the question then. (Although, it was a well established technique for bulls.)

Breeding with frozen semen is very different from natural/ live cover. There are some obvious advantages: being able to breed to a stallion in another state or country, breeding to a deceased stallion, breeding while the stallion is at a show. But there are also some challenges. It is generally accepted that even a fertile stallion will have a lower conception rate with frozen semen than with live cover or fresh cooled semen.

What can be done to improve the conception rate when using frozen semen. 
Most importantly is to utilize the services of an equine veterinarian who has advanced training and experience in equine reproduction (the majority of his/her practice should be equine reproduction) for the initial collection and preservation of the stallion’s semen. An equine reproductive veterinarian will go beyond the commercial extenders that are available and will often work with custom made extenders for an individual stallion whose semen is very fragile.

When it is time to breed your mare be sure that she is under the management of an equine veterinarian for regular palpations and insemination. It is also recommended that the storage of the stallion’s semen be managed by a reproductive veterinarian. There is often quite an investment in the purchase price of the semen. By using a reproductive veterinarian you are protecting this investment and increasing the probability of a live foal in 11 mos. 

Before choosing the frozen semen to use there are some questions to ask the stallion owner or manager:

WHAT IS THE POST-THAW MOTILITY? 
This should be progressive motility with a forward “going some place” movement. For general guidelines, 65% progressive motility is considered very good, 20 % motility with good concentration and morphology might result in a pregnancy, but 1-5% would require nothing short of a miracle for conception. Don’t accept a descriptive answer such as, “Oh, it is really good.”
 
WHAT IS THE MORPHOLOGY OF THE SPERM?  
Each sperm cell is composed of a head, tail and mid-piece. An abnormality such as a double head, split tails, curled tails are some of the abnormalities that, if present in high numbers, can lower the fertility. These abnormalities often reduce the motility. There should be records of the post-thaw motility and morphology on any stallion semen being used.

HOW MANY MARES HAVE BEEN BRED WITH THE FROZEN SEMEN? 
What was the conception rate, the average number of breedings per pregnancy, and how many live foals have been born using this frozen semen? Even if this stallion’s frozen semen has not been used commercially , a test breeding should have been done when the semen was initially collected if the owner had intended to offer the frozen semen publicly.

HOW LONG AGO WAS THE SEMEN COLLECTED AND FROZEN?  
If the semen has been properly handled, there should be no significant change in motility? But the technology involved in freezing equine semen was not nearly as advanced 30 yrs. ago as it was ten yrs. ago. There were not as many different extenders available to use with an individual stallion’s semen 30 yrs. ago. And even the best extender for that stallion might not have produced commercial quality frozen semen. 
 
WHAT LABELING INFORMATION IS INCLUDED ON THE STRAW?  
The name and breed of the stallion allows for proper identification. The date of collection is important as not all collections are necessarily equal in quality. If you receive some straws that are poor quality you can request straws of a different collection date on the next shipment. Other information pertaining to extender used, name of veterinarian collecting the semen and location of collection might also be included.
 
WHAT SIZE OF STRAW ARE YOU PURCHASING?  
Sometimes a smaller straw (typically 0.5 cm) is produced and sometimes a larger straw (4-5 cm) is filled. Obviously eight small straws are not equal to eight large straws. How many straws are considered a full dose? Depending upon normal concentration, motility, and morphology; eight small straws are often used as one dose (one breeding). One larger straw is usually considered a full dose. On the other hand if the post-thaw motility is down to one percent and there is abnormal morphology of the sperm, 50 straws would hardly be considered an adequate dose for conception.

READ ALL ASPECTS OF THE CONTRACT
This, of course, is true for any contract. Read it before you sign it. Is there a live foal guarantee? How many straws are provided with the breeding fee? What are to be done with any remaining straws if the mare conceives with only one straw? Does the purchaser get to keep them or are they required to ship them back to the stallion owner/manager? If they are to be shipped back, who pays the shipping expenses?

Finally, I would like to suggest that you use an equine reproductive veterinarian for any and all work in breeding your mare with frozen semen. (I know that I have already recommended this, but it is important enough to repeat). The mare needs to be kept in a facility where she can be palpated every four to six hrs. as she approaches ovulation. Timing of insemination is crucial in breeding a mare with frozen semen. And proper handling of semen at the time of insemination is extremely important. You don’t have a few minutes to remove the semen from the liquid nitrogen container, get your equipment in place and artificially inseminate the mare.

Best wishes to anyone who is breeding their Morgan mare this year. Whether live cover, cooled shipped semen, or frozen semen may you get the color and gender that you want in your new foal.

Previously published in the 2016 MHAO Breeders' Cup Futurity Booklet
Photo by Leslie Arnould, SSLLC In Vogue with her 2017 foal Akira Embellished by HVK Bell Flaire
Cold Weather Laminitis?
It happens every winter. A horse that may not even have a prior history of laminitis is found to be very lame and reluctant to move. It’s more than the typical hesitation horses show on hard, frozen ground. Looks like laminitis but the feet aren’t hot. What’s going on?

Cold-induced hoof pain strikes horses with insulin resistance. IR is a well described risk factor for laminitis and even when the horse is not glaringly lame it is causing damage to the laminae. We haven’t uncovered all the mechanisms behind laminar damage from high insulin levels but one known factor is elevated levels of endothelin-1.

Endothelin-1 is a peptide (small protein) produced by the cells lining the interior of blood vessels. It is the most potent vasoconstrictor known and is normally balanced by production of the vasodilating chemical nitric oxide. Cold-induced reduction in blood supply to the hoof when superimposed on the pre-existing high endothelin-1 activity may explain why some IR horses develop hoof pain in cold weather but normal horses do not.

Cold stress may also cause insulin to rise. Insulin resistance is part of the metabolic adaptation to cold weather in several species. Researchers have also noted insulin levels become erratic in horses in cooler weather.
Laminitis caused by high insulin is different from laminitis due to other causes. Activation of enzymes and inflammatory reactions are not part of the picture. This probably explains why the usual treatment with NSAIDs [nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs] like phenylbutazone has little effect. There is help though.

Blanketing the horse when temperatures dip below the equine thermoneutral temperature of 45 F helps avoid cold stress. Keeping the lower legs wrapped and feet protected inside lined boots also helps maintain normal circulation to the distal extremities.

Adaptogens are herbs which support a healthy response to stressors like cold weather. Jiaogulan [Gynostemma pentaphyllum] is a particularly good choice because this herb is also known to support production of the vasodilator, nitric oxide. Jiaogulan should be given twice daily, preferably before a meal. Most horses love the taste and will lick it up as a powder or paste.

L-arginine is the amino acid precursor for nitric oxide and can be supplemented along with the Jiaogulan. L-citrulline is another amino acid that the body converts to L-arginine for nitric oxide production. Cold stress also results in considerable oxidative stress and antioxidants help neutralize these free radicals.

Finally, acetyl-l-carnitine supplementation can be indicated for support of normal nerve function and glucose handling.
When you understand the trigger of winter laminitis you can support the horse with simple measures to minimize cold stress and maintain normal blood flow to the feet.

*All content is for informational purposes only. Contact your veterinarian if you have any questions or concerns about the health of your animals.

  About the Author
Dr. Eleanor Kellon is a renowned expert on equine nutrition and related health issues. She offers private nutritional consultations and online courses through Equine Nutritional Solutions. Find out more at www.drkellon.com , and read more of her articles at DrKhorsesense.com .
 

You Can Help!
Looking for Auction Items for the
MHAO Stallion Service Auction and the
Silent Auction at the Oregon Morgan Classic
Do you have a vacation home? Would you be willing to donate a weekend stay?

Gift certificates from local businesses, like new items, gift baskets, playing host for a day, etc.

Help us raise money for the MHAO Breeders' Cup Futurity and for the Oregon Morgan Classic Horse Show.
Contact Gay Adams, (503) 936-4276
News From Members & Friends
30-60 ft waves at the coast, Tillamook Head lighthouse -
photo by Shaun Peterson January 8, 2018
From Rhea Turner - Congratulations Tatyana Carr on your All American Awards in Hunter and Western Equitation!! And thank you for being an amazing mentor to the younger girls on the team ️ We are very proud of you!

Alex Mooney In honor of
Cystic Fibrosis Awareness Day.
I wore my purple!
January 27, 2018

Doctor appointment on February 2nd went great!!! After my annual visit in early April they will switch me to every 3 months. Go # doublelungsofawesomeness!!!
LOL!

After the appointment we spent the day enjoying the 80 degree weather, shopping and enjoying the Cheesecake Factory!

Amie Owens Taber on
LittleWood Rio Bravado.
April Rose-Wilson. 
My newest painting.
A whole new subject matter for me.
A very talented lady.
Blue Super Moon before the clouds came in & covered up the lunar eclipse. January 31, 2018 from Erica Trager.
Don Curtis working hard. 
Snowing hard in Oroville. 
The joys of winter. 
Oregon Horse Center
Winter Warm-Up - Eventing
January 19-21, 2018
Indoor Eventing Equitation!
This was the coolest winter event ever!
Go Pocket Rocket!

We attended the Oregon Horse Center's inaugural Indoor Eventing competition this weekend. Luka is 14.3 hands but doesn't know it. Here he is eating up the Novice height (2'6" to 3') of the Eventing Equitation class. We placed 4th in this as well as our Novice classes scored based on optimum time. As a side note, in another round we had THE fastest time of all the horses. Not a good thing in this case, as we were much too fast, but it was FUN! (There was also a water obstacle in the arena. Not our favorite, but we got through.)

Luka is Seraphim Heckyll and Jive (UC Doc Daniels X Lexington Lass) - aka Pocket Rocket - with Old Government breeding. He is going to be 16 this year and doesn't look like he'll be slowing down anytime soon!
Up the bank! This pony is perfect.
Pyramid of the Magician, Uxmal Mexico.
Mayan ponies waiting for their fares
From Gretchen Wilson. February 1st was a big day at Uxmal Mayan ruins with cousin Marc, Victor, and Rob. Victor's knowledge of "all things living" is a huge asset! We saw trees full of Bromilads (Airplants), Orchids, Iguanas, Orange Oorioles, blossoms and fruit. The Pickled Onion hosts us tonight in a charming pueblo of Santa Elena. Looking forward to an amazing Yucatecan meal!
The Pickled Onion Inn
Gretchen Wilson
& Marc Olson
in Sisal
Sant Elena - chickens in a traditional Mayan kitchen
Kerry Bay and Scandias Private Dancer from Kathy DeFazio.
Scandias Private Dancer by
UVM Coming Attraction, in foal to
Scandias Trademark.
From Kathy DeFazio.
Amie Owens Taber bids adieu to her sweet Shadow.
LW Shadow On The Water.
"Be a good girl. Give 100% every time, then give a little more. Take good care of your new people. Remember everything you’ve been taught and be willing to learn more. God has graced us with some mighty fine horses to raise and educate. I’m proud to say she was one of ours.
Excited to see where her trail leads.
Boy. Howdy. Am I going to miss her."
MEM Bacardi has his title!
Congratulations!
Nora Wall Skipper art work.
Wow!
Carol Dombrowsky, February 5, 2018.
Today was a good day. I haven't been on a horse since 2015 due to health problems. Good friend Micki Jurado said come over and she would saddle up her paint mare for me to see if my balance would be ok. So far it was good. I only rode for 20 minutes, but it sure felt good. My next ride will be on my Marvelous Curtain Call this weekend. Working up to maybe doing some trail riding and getting stronger. Need to work on leg swinging over the horses butt. I have ridden since I was 3 and it has been really hard watching all my friends go out on rides without me. Here I am riding 16 hand 22 yr old Blanka..she was a doll. Thanks Micki for making my day.
Ty Callaghan & Jaxon from Rhea Turner.
Great smiles!
Congratulations to Carol Packer Prindle on her purchase of Baymounts Tiana. Anna will now be moving to Viking country and hopefully give Carol another bay homozygous splash foal this May. Shown here with Roseridge Blue Intrigue. We wish Carol success and fun with her colorful breeding program. From Gloria James at Roseridge Morgans .
Congratulations to Lauren Zelazny of Ohio on her purchase of Ultra’s Tea Party. Tea is the sweetest double registered Morgan/Pinto mare. She has given us four splash pinto foals in a row and now is Lauren’s first Morgan. You will love her and we are happy to find this perfect home for her. From Gloria James at Roseridge Morgans .
Morgan is one year old!
So cute.
From Nora Wall Skipper.
Nora Wall Skipper posted this picture of her family. Happy Birthday to Cynthia Metzger.
Oregon Hot Flash enjoying his new ball. That is quite a playground he has, Carol. From Carol Dombrowsky.
Julie Nygaard posted this picture of Everwood Belle Demoiselle at her last show of the season. Julie is looking forward to seeing her in the ring this year.💕❤️
Kayla Powlesland - Early birthday present! My very own recurve bow set! She is looking forward to the targets ahead.
Roseridge Blue Intrigue at 2.
Owned by Gloria James,
Roseridge Morgans.
Ada & Scotch - a new team emerging from Kardia.
Sue Beach posted January 18, 2018. We were having a warm winters day and wanted to remind Sarah she is more than a pasture ornament! You experts out there, be gentle. We were “Jerry Rigged” or is it “Jury Rigged”? We did not want to get the harness out and put a bit on. Just wanted to have a few basic reminders. Thanks Nicole Hazlett.
Nora Wall Skipper is excited. Construction has begun on our new home in Oregon.
Vince DeFazio celebrated his 70th birthday. It was a surprise!
Peter even came in from California.
Vince
Great spread
Sarah & Peter
Stephanie Connor, After 29 sunsets in Kona, we head home.
A Hui Hou Hawaii -
which means
until we meet again.
Tracie Nygaard Brockey posted this picture of Baylor. Baylor is in the Daily Astorian Cutest Baby Contest. I can see why.
Tracy & Lenore Smith.
A nice portrait taken last year.
A handsome couple. 
A beautiful sunset at Trafalgar.
Picture taken by Daryl Hopson.
Allison Deardorff with Rhea's son Jaxon Craddock riding George in Jaxon's first Saddleseat Clinic.
Happy 10th Birthday Ada!
Picture taken at Kardia.
Mary Curtis posted this picture that makes her happy. 
Okan Storm King
& grand daughter, Taylor Curtis.
From Michelle Osburn - She is here! A big blue roan Quarter Horse filly. She was 8 days overdue, but well worth the wait!
Lori Gajowski enjoys a beautiful day on the beach in Victoria with her sister.
Rhea Turner posted this picture. Alfie has a new friend in retirement. Dry turnout and a little fluffy friend. ❤️ So thankful for good friends and a big room with a beautiful view.
From Liz Goldmann - Thank you MHAO for the nice year end awards
for Sutton Remembrance GCH.
High point carriage & Overall
hi-point open competition.
BCJ Winterhawk Cabaret, 2007, brown, mare by Scandias Carribean Blue x BCJ ZEPHYRSTAR ADEL by Windhover Winterhawk. Owned by Sandra France Nichols,
From Brenda Coats. Well, we have decided to move back to Central Oregon. There are a couple of reasons I won't go into, but basically we miss home. We like Walla Walla a lot, it's a really nice area. It's a great size town with all the amenities one needs and no traffic, ever! We don't regret trying it, except the thought of packing again is horrifying. The horseback trail riding in Central Oregon is second to none, and since I still have a few good years left to ride, I might as well be there riding with my friends. We will have the same problem as before, which was one of the reasons we moved here, finding something decent on a budget 😧 and we will look north of Bend, as neither of us wants to actually live in Bend. So, we will list this place in March and go from there. I so wish we could just transplant this little farm, as we've put so much work and money into it and I've grown to love it. Oh well, life goes on. Wish us luck!
Teri Rumens - Happiest Birthday to my loving, fun filled, super cool, super smart husband of 30 years. Feels like just yesterday,
I love you Kurt!
Lenore Smith - Happy 9th Birthday Wyatt! 🎉💕💜 You continue to make me so proud to be your mom. 💜 It really is unbelievable how fast you're growing up.
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How to become an MHAO Member
Oregon Horse Country
USEF News
USEF Convention Summary
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2018 Horse Show Dates
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Gay Adams, Acting Editor | Morgan Horse Association of Oregon
(503) 936-4276 | sunstonemorgans@comcast.net
www.MorganHorseOregon.com