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TAA and BAA Compliance

Part 2 of 2 (TAA)
The laws implementing the U.S. Government’s preference for domestic products are known the Buy American Act (BAA), and the Trade Agreements Act (“TAA”) . The TAA allows for the procurement of products from certain countries other than the United States.

The Trade Agreements Act of 1979 (TAA) requires that the U.S. Government may acquire only “U.S. – made or designated country end products.” TAA requires that products must be produced or undergo "substantial transformation" within the United States or a designated country.


The TAA employs a different qualification test, called the “Substantial Transformation Test.” The determination of whether there has been substantial transformation for TAA purposes is whether the product has been given a different character or use as a  result of the manufacturing process it underwent in the U.S. (or designated country).

If a product is not BAA compliant, TAA allows the product to still be purchased by the U.S. Government.

For example, Department of Defense (DoD) procurements allow the use of products from “Qualifying Countries” without penalty. A list of TAA “Qualifying Countries” for government procurement's is listed below.
Note: China, Russia, Pakistan and Malaysia are not TAA Qualified.
Afghanistan   Finland   New Zealand
Angola   France   Nicaragua
Antigua & Barbuda   Gambia   Niger
Armenia   Germany   Norway
Aruba   Greece   Oman
Australia   Grenada   Panama
Austria   Guatemala   Peru
Bahamas   Guinea   Poland
Bahrain   Guinea-Bissau   Portugal
Bangladesh   Guyana   Romania
Barbados   Haiti   Rwanda
Belgium   Honduras   Saba
Belize   Hong Kong   Samoa
Benin   Hungary   Sao Tome & Principe
Bhutan   Iceland   Senegal
Bonaire   Ireland   Sierra Leone
British Virgin Islands   Israel   Singapore
Bulgaria   Italy   Sint Eustatius
Burkina Faso   Jamaica   Sint Maarten
Burundi   Japan   Slovak Republic
Cambodia   Kiribati   Slovenia
Canada   Korea (Republic of)   Solomon Islands
Central African Republic   Laos   Somalia
Chad   Latvia   South Sudan
Chile   Lesotho   Spain
Colombia   Liberia   St. Kitts & Nevis
Comoros   Liechtenstein   St. Lucia
Costa Rica   Lithuania   St. Vincent & the Grenadines
Croatia   Luxembourg   Sweden
Curacao   Madagascar   Switzerland
Cyprus   Malawi   Taiwan
Czech Republic   Mali   Tanzania
Democratic Republic of Congo   Malta   Timor-Leste
Denmark   Mauritania   Togo
Djibouti   Mexico   Trinidad & Tobago
Dominica   Moldova   Tuvalu
Dominican Republic   Montenegro   Uganda
El Salvador   Montserrat   Ukraine
Equatorial Guinea   Morocco   United Kingdom
Eritrea   Mozambique   Vanuatu
Estonia   Nepal   Yemen
Ethiopia   Netherlands   Zambia
Bill Nagengast, Lighting Engineer
Solas Ray Lighting
Holds over 20 patents in the lighting industry.
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TJ-54 12.13.18