Effective grading and reporting requires more than revising the report card. It means reframing all the ways we communicate information about student learning. This presentation describes what we know about effective grading policies and practices. Keeping in mind the many practical challenges teachers face, we review the importance of fairness and honesty in grading and describe ways ensure meaningful communication between teachers, students and families. Procedures for implementing new reporting structures, including standards-based grading, are highlighted, together with policies and practices that should be avoided due to their negative consequences for students, teachers, and schools.