Tuck Class of 2018 International Adventures: Peru
August, 2016
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Before You Go
Country Overview
Itinerary Details
Cost and What's Included

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Before you g o...

Suggested Packing List:

The weather in this region of Peru is quite cool year round, due to its altitude. In August you should expect high temperatures in Cuzco of about 68 F (20 C) and lows of 34 F (1 C). The weather tends to be quite dry in August but you should be prepared for the chance of rain, given you will be spending four days trekking and camping.

This packing list is largely geared towards the trekking portion of the trip, but is generally applicable throughout.

This list is intended to provide you with a broad initial guideline so you have an idea of what to expect.

Your should plan on bringing the following:
  • A day-pack backpack with a change of dry clothes for the duration of the trek 
  • Rain gear (jacket, and pants if possible) or poncho
  • Strong footwear - waterproof trekking boots are recommended
  • Warm clothes, including jacket, fleeces, thermal items (especially for sleeping)
  • Sleeping bag (this can be rented for a fee - notify Terraficionados if you wish to do this)
  • Sleeping pad not required - will be provided, but must be carried by you
  • Flashlight / headlamp and batteries
  • Camera and batteries (and film if applicable)
  • Hat or cap to protect from sun, rain, and cold
  • Sun block
  • After-sun cream or hydrating cream for face and body
  • Insect repellent (minimum 20% DEET recommended)
  • Handkerchiefs, toilet paper
  • Snacks -- biscuits, energy bars, chocolate, raw fruits, muesli, etc. Note - the meal program is well supplied; these items are recommended for people who may want to supplement (consider picking up items in Cuzco on day 1 if you want to have a 'stash')
  • Non-disposable water canteen (e.g. Nalgene) and water for first morning. Water-sterilizing tablets are optional in case you wish to pick up water from streams and rivers en route; filtered, boiled water will be supplied on the trek which is safe to drink but may not be readily available at all times
  • Small towel
  • Swimming suit (if you wish to bathe in the hot springs at Aguas Calientes)
  • Optional: walking sticks or poles (rubber covers are required in order not to damage the trails) 

Note - this list is not comprehensive; it is meant to be a guideline to help you prepare for the trip appropriately. 

Visas and Vaccinations:

It is the responsibility of all travelers to ensure that proper travel documentation is in place. All countries require a valid passport (with at least 6 months' validity). Contact your local embassy or consulate for up-to-date visa requirements. (American residents, click here for the State Department's latest outline of travel documentation requirements).

Travelers should consult a family physician or your local travel clinic for up-to-date health information and any requirements for vaccines. More information can be obtained from the ISTM by clicking here. Or, contact your country's Health or Foreign Affairs department.

Medical and Travel Insurance:

Proof of out-of-country medical insurance is included in your Dartmouth College medical plan. Be sure to bring whatever documentation / contact numbers are required for your Dartmouth medical plan should you need medical assistance in Peru, so you can ensure the insurance coverage is properly activated.

Terraficionados also recommends Cancellation & Interruption insurance to protect your travel investment.

Terraficionados Travel Society & Journeymakers (founded and operated by Chris Clark, T'03) is pleased to be working with the Tuck MBA program office once again to provide a pre-term International Adventure program for the incoming class of T'18s!

The goal for these trips is three-fold:
  • Provide a meaningful international travel experience where incoming Tuckies can bond deeply with each other before embarking on their 2 year journey at Tuck
  • Combine a mix of 'touring', active content, and local community immersion to provide a well rounded perspective on the destination
  • Have fun!!   
We have been working with Tuck to offer these international adventures for incoming Tuckies for several years now. We are thrilled that students who have participated in these programs in the past have had a wonderful experience, and we've solicited their feedback on how to make the experience even better! This feedback is ingrained in our 2016 trip offering, and we expect these to be the best trips yet!

Please read on for details about the T'18 International Adventure Trip in Peru...
Peru Overview

In Peru, Geography is master. The country is dominated by its geography and man has had to cope with it for millennia. It is a land of tropical mountains. The Andean Mountain Range is the back bone of Peru. In fact it is South America's spinal cord and divides Peru in two; on the west lays one of the driest deserts on Earth. East of the mountain range is a place dominated by green; the Amazon. No other place on Earth receives more rainfall than these rainforests. And so Peru seems to be a Land of Contradiction; it is home of extremes. No other country has so much desert, so many mountains, and such a prolific rainforest all in one.

This mountainous setting is where civilization in the Americas was first born and where it reached its peak before the collapse of the Incas 500 years ago. The mountains are far more than a cluster of material, of rock and earth; Peruvians call their mountains Apus. This is the word for the Gods that inhabit the mountain. It is a Quechua term that implies considering the Mountain as a living organism, as Nature itself as a being. This is where the respect for the Environment in Peruvian ancestral cultures originates.

The Andes Mountains get their name from the term Antis, the Quechua word used to name those who lived in the "green desert," that is, the tribes from the Amazonian Rainforests. The Andes are made up of several smaller ranges; Vilcanota and Vilcabamba in the south, Azul in the north and Huayhuash and Blanca right in the center of Peru.

The mysterious and spectacular ruins of Machu Picchu was discovered by Hyram Bingham's exploration of the area in 1911. It had been lost for centuries, taken over by the dense green jungle. Over time, many of the trails leading into Machu Pichu have been restored; the Inca Trail is the most famous, but the Salkantay route is the most spectacular... 


The T'18 International Adventure in Peru features a 11 day / 10 night itinerary which is centered around the heart of the Sacred Valley in the Peruvian Andes. You will spend time in the vibrant city of Cuzco; you will have an opportunity live and work amongst the Willoq community in a short homestay program; and you will undertake the Salkantay Trek into Machu Picchu - truly one of the most spectacular and mysterious ancient ruins on Earth.
Itinerary details (meals included in brackets)

August 6 (Dinner): Cuzco. Arrive in Cuzco in the morning. You will be met at the airport and will have a private guided transfer to your hotel. In the afternoon you will have a private-guided tour of Cuzco.

Begin with a visit to the Coricancha, also known as the "Temple of the Sun" (or "Premises of the Gilded One"), the construction of which was ordered by Inca Pachacútec (1438-1471) and which was used as base for the construction of the Santo Domingo Convent upon the arrival of the Spaniards. This is when the Sun (Inti, in Quechua) was worshiped during the Inca Empire and at the time of the Incas its walls were fully covered with gold sheets and its courtyards were planted with golden corn and life-size llamas. You will then head to the Cathedral, the most important building on the Main Square and one of the most splendid Spanish colonial churches in America, which is shaped as a Latin Cross and houses about 400 colonial paintings from the Cusco art school, and impressive goldsmith, silversmith and precious stone works. Its construction lasted almost a century; it started in 1560 and ended in 1654. The Ecclesiastical Chapter was ordered to extract and transport hundreds of stones from the Sacsayhuamán fortress for this purpose. You will then visit the fortress itself, en emblematic work of the Incas, which protected the Holy City. Conceived and built by Inca Pachacútec in the 15th century, The Sacsayhuamán complex was built with megalithic blocks, the transportation and erection of which continue to be a mystery.


Your tour continues with an exploration of San Blas neighborhood. This area was originally inhabited buy the Inca nobility who built impressive stone constructions; unmistakable Inca walls can be seen at the base of many buildings. Today the neighborhood is a delightful cluster of cobblestone streets, popular among among artisans who sell their handicrafts on the street. 


Following the tour, you will return to your hotel in Cuzco.


Freshen up, and then transfer to Pachapappa restaurant for your 'welcome dinner'! 


August 7 (Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner): Cuzco --> Sacred Valley. After breakfast, you will depart Cuzco and head to the nearby Sacred Valley of the Incas. Today you will explore two of the more impressive archeological complexes in the area - Pisac, and Ollantaytambo.

Pisac boasts the largest network of terraces and is considered a masterpiece of agriculture of the Incan Empire. Your guide will orient you to the site, and you will have plenty of time to explore.

You will then head to Ollantayambo, which is a great example of typical Incan urban planning, and is still inhabited today. Here, you will find a great archeological complex known as the "Fortress", which is a bit of a misnomer because the town actually operate as a center for rest and lodging for long distance travelers during the time of the Empire. It is without doubt one of the most monumental works of that era.

Following visits to both sites, you will enjoy lunch in Urubamba before heading to your hotel to check-in and relax for the rest of the afternoon. Dinner will be hosted at the hotel in the evening.

August 8 (Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner):
Sacred Valley. Today you will continue to explore the Sacred Valley.

You will start your tour in the village of Chinchero, which was one of the most important populations during the Inca Empire. However, it fell victim to the "extirpation of idolatries" action that replaced the traditional deities with Catholic ones in order to transform popular beliefs. In this way, important monuments and buildings completely disappeared. Today, every Sunday, the town becomes a marketplace for the surrounding communities. 


Later, you will visit the archaeological sites of Moray and Maras. Moray archaeological remains consist of mysterious concentric circular terraces that for some investigators would be an agricultural research center. External platforms, more elevated, would be exposed to higher temperatures than the internal, and could simulate the conditions of different ecological floors in the empire. On the other hand, Maras is a surreal sight. It is close to Moray and is an impressive complex of salt exploitation. They are large salt deposits that were used to exchange it for other products with other regions of the empire.


You will enjoy a box lunch on route.


You will enjoy dinner at your hotel.

August 9 (Breakfast,  Lunch, Dinner):
Sacred Valley --> Willoq Community. After breakfast you will be transferred to the Willoq Community - a community co-op near Cuzco which seeks to involve international visitors with local inhabitants in an effort to help build and maintain resources for this economically challenged settlement - the average annual per capita income in this community is $232 USD per year. The Willoq people in many ways still follow ancient Incan customs and traditions in their day-to-day lives. Visitors to the community have an opportunity to both lend an important helping hand, as well as to learn about the history and the culture of the Inca people. Visitors are assigned to local families and stay with them for the duration of their visit.

Your local cultural immersion experience begins today! You will be assigned to your a family and will be given a task to help them with their domestic and community duties. These tasks may include:

Women: preparation and tasting of food such as chicha, papa seca, chuño (depending on the season of the year) and other items of nouvelle Andean cooking.

Men: Agricultural work such as preparing the land using the chaquitaclla or plough, sowing, harvesting, post-harvest treatment and others.

During rest periods, you will have an opportunity to share stories with your hosts. You will likely learn about their costumes, how ancestors influenced on textile designs that can be seen on daily and festive attires.  You may also share stories from your own countries with members of the family.


Your accommodation with the host family will be in a traditional family home in the community. You will have a comfortable, basic room, and the host family is paid to accommodate you which represents meaningful income for them. 



August 10 (Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner):

Willoq Community Project. Today you will participate in a larger community project. The specific role will vary based on what is going on in the community at the time of your visit, but you will be a part of what is known as the Ayni system, a system of reciprocal labor among members of the community who share agricultural tasks and house building. This system consists of assisting with work carried out by members of a family, under the condition that they will reciprocate when necessary. This practice encourages generosity, reciprocity, and solidarity among visitors and members of the community.


Possible projects include: Painting the local school (exterior, classrooms, furniture); repairing furniture at the local school or medical post; building "Wasicuyes" for rearing guinea pigs (a staple of the diet in this region); cleaning the banks of the river or the neighborhood.  


In the late afternoon you will transfer back to the Sacred Valley to relax at your hotel prior to embarking on the Salkantay Trek the following day!  


<< Commence Salkantay Trek -- IMPORTANT NOTE >>


The Salkantay Trek is spectacular. It is rated as one of the top 25 hies in the world by National Geographic Magazine, and rightly so!  


That said, it is a very serious trek. You will hike 12-18 Kilometers per day. You will reach a maximum altitude of over 15,000 feet. The trek is completed successfully by people of all ages and (within reason) fitness levels. However, you should recognize that for most people this will be a very rigorous experience.


The trek also requires appropriate attire and gear. We have provided a general outline at left, and we will supply a more detailed pack-list which has been compiled by Tuckies who have traveled this route before you. Heed these recommendations, as your enjoyment of the trek will depend on it.


In the end, this trek will likely be one of the most memorable and rewarding experiences you will have - so the effort is well worth it! 


August 11 (Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner):
Day 1 Salkantay Trek. Andenes  


We leave Sacred Valley at 04.00 am in a private transport and start a scenic morning bus-ride to our trek starting point at Soraypampa. Along the four-hour drive, we drive through the town of Limatambo (2100m/6888ft), an important point of access to the city of Cusco during the time of the Inca Empire, where the archaeological remains of Tarawasi are located. The road continues up a beaten track along the right shore of the Apurimac River and crosses the town of Mollepata (2800m/9184ft) and the small community of Cruzpata (2750m/9020ft) to finally reach Soraypampa (3800m/12464ft), the starting point of the trek, where we meet our wranglers and horses. After a short introduction and a quick breakfast, we start our hike towards the base of Mt. Salkantay (6271m/20569ft), crossing Salkantaypampa, and then starting a 2 hrs steep ascent to Soyroccocha, just next to the impressive glacier of Salkantay (4200m/13776ft). Continuing uphill, we reach the Abra Huayracmachay (4600m/15088ft), the highest mountain pass in the program where, besides enjoying stunning views of the surrounding glaciers and the snow-capped peaks of the Vilcabamba Range with the south face of Salkantay towering above us, we may also observe chinchillas and condors in their natural habitat. From this point, we start descending towards a more tropical climate and into the so-called cloud forest. Along the route, we can see the remains of an ancient Inca path, which is approximately 6 meters wide. A long though easy descent brings us late afternoon to our first campsite at Andenes (3,500m/11480ft).


Overnight at Andenes Camp.
August 12 (Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner):
Day 2 Salkantay Trek. Andenes - Lucmabamba.

Today we continue our hike with an easy downhill walk along the Salkantay River, enjoying the increasingly lush vegetation, passing waterfalls, passion fruit and coffee plantations. The arid highland landscape begins to transform into a cloud forest filled with trees and bromeliads. After 1.5-2 hours we arrive at the settlement of Chaullay, and after another 45 minutes to the town of Collpapampa. From Collpapampa, the Salkantay River becomes the Santa Teresa River. After a rest, we continue our descent to the banks of the Totora River, then passing the waterfalls at Coripacchi, the settlement at Wiñaypoko, the bustling small town of La Playa and finally our second camp at Lucmabamba (2,100m/6888ft). On the way we can see plantations of banana, coffee, and avocado, as well as exuberant local flora. We enter spectacled-bear territory and we will probably be accompanied by flocks of parrots as we descend. At dinner we can enjoy a glass of wine by the light of the camp-fire.  



Overnight at Lumabamba Camp.


August 13 (Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner):
Day 3 Salkantay Trek. Lucmabama - Aguas Calientes.

After breakfast, we start climbing for 2-3 hours up to El Mirador or Abra Q'elloqasa (2860m/9381ft) from where we have an exceptional view of the Lost City of the Incas, the legendary Machu Picchu, from a different angle. We enjoy a last lunch in nature at the lookout point of Llaqtapata (2650m/8692ft) from where we can view both Machu Picchu and the Salkantay Mountain and take a good rest, enjoying the added value of the Llactapata Ruins, which have recently been restored. A 2-hour descent towards the Aobamba River crossing lush bamboo forests and more orchards and coffee plantations brings us to the hydroelectric plant of Machu Picchu from where we board a train that takes us to Aguas Calientes (short, scenic 40-minutes train ride).


Overnight El Mapi Machu Picchu Hotel. 


August 14 (Breakfast, Lunch):
Aguas Calientes --> Machu Picchu --> Cuzco.


We wake up early and board a bus to Machu Picchu where we begin a complete guided tour of the Inca citadel that will take approximately two hours. You will then have free time to walk around, climb up the Huaynapicchu Mountain, where one can experience spectacular views of all of Machu Picchu, the valleys and mountains that surround it (please note that there are only 400 visitors allowed per day - permits must be arranged / purchased in advance for an additional fee if you wish to hike Huaynapicchu), or visit the Temple of the Moon or the impressive Inca Bridge. In early afternoon, we meet in the town of Aguas Calientes and enjoy lunch at Cafe Inkaterra. From here we take the train back to the city of Cusco, where we arrive after nightfall.



August 15 (Breakfast, Dinner):
Cuzco. Day at Leisure. 

Late in the afternoon, you will be picked up and transferred to your 'farewell' dinner at Cicciolina restaurant.


August 16 (Breakfast):
Depart Peru. Today, we have arranged a rotation of private transfers throughout the day from the hotel to the airport to connect to your flight home. 


  • Cuzco - Hotel Plaza de Armas. 3 nights. See the TripAdvisor writeup here.
  • Sacred Valley - San Augustin Monestario de la Recoletta. 3 nights. See the TripAdvisor writeup  here.
  • Willoq Community Project - Homestay. 1 night. 
  • Salkantay Trail Camping. 2 nights.
  • Aguas Calientes - El Mapi Machu Picchu Hotel. 1 night. See the TripAdvisor writeup here
Cost and what's included

The cost for the T'18 International Adventure in Peru is $2,298 USD per person. The price includes the following:
  • Private transfers from / to Airport in Cuzco
  • Private-guided touring throughout
  • All activities outlined in the itinerary
  • All lodging summarized in the itinerary
  • 10 breakfasts, 8 lunches, 9 dinners  

The price does not include the following:

  • Personal expenses 
  • Domestic / international airport taxes
  • Porter to carry guests luggage on trail
  • Tipping 
Guidance on how to budget for items not included:

The amount of expense you will incur over and above the trip price will vary based on each individual's preferences. That said, the following should help you budget for additional amounts you may spend while in Peru:
  • A typical lunch in Cuzco will cost $15-$30 USD per person (including drinks)
  • A typical dinner will cost $15-$30 USD per person (including drinks)
  • A beer costs $3 USD in restaurants / bars; $6 USD in hotels and fancy restaurants 
  • A glass of wine costs $12 USD in restaurants, and $18 USD in hotels 
  • Budget for tipping - assume roughly $3/person/day for the guide 

While the itinerary is full of activities, you do have some free time in Cuzco and have the option to partake in additional excursions. A few that are popular include:

  • Horseback riding - guided tour of outlying ruins: $55 USD per person for 2.5 hour tour 
  • Half day guided climb of Via Ferreta: $55 USD per person   

ATMs are available in Cuzco (and in most of the places you will visit). Credit cards are also widely accepted. Once you leave Cuzco, you are unlikely to have much access to ATMs or much ability to use credit cards so plan accordingly. It is always advisable to bring $200 - $300 USD cash in case of emergency. 


We are excited to be able to create such an amazing experience for you and are at your disposal to answer any questions you may have about these journeys.


Christopher Clark, C.E.O.