URGENT ACTION REQUIRED
Dear International Campaign supporters, your show of solidarity is much appreciated on the following case:
The life of a 10-year-old girl who is pregnant after having been raped by her stepfather is in danger. Despite the high risk this pregnancy poses and her mother's request, access to safe abortion has not been yet provided.
On 21 April a 10-year-old girl arrived with her mother at the Trinidad Maternity and Children's Hospital (Hospital Materno Infantil de Trinidad) in Asunci?n, the capital of Paraguay, complaining of stomachache. On examination, a 21-week pregnancy was established. The girl's pregnancy is the result of having been raped by her stepfather.
The director of the hospital publicly acknowledged that the girl's pregnancy was a risk to her health and life, despite the girl being in stable health condition. A few days later, the Public Ministry ordered the girl to be admitted to a different hospital, the Red Cross Hospital (Hospital de la Cruz Roja), to monitor her health.
The World Health Organization (WHO) and health professionals around the world agree that pregnancy poses specific risks to young girls whose bodies are not fully developed and that the risk to their lives is greater. Therefore all options regarding the pregnancy, including safe abortion services, must be made available.
On 28 April the girl's mother submitted an administrative plea (carta administrativa) to the hospital requesting an abortion for the girl. Nothing indicates that the hospital is considering an abortion to save her life. On the contrary, according to latest reports, the girl will be sent to a centre for young mothers (centro de ni?as madres).
In Paraguay, abortion is legal when the life of the woman or girl is at risk, therefore she is entitled to a lawful abortion. According the Convention on the Rights of the Child the best interest of the child has to always be of primary consideration and states have an obligation under the Convention to ensure access to abortion in these circumstances.
Please write immediately in Spanish or your own language:
- Urging the Paraguayan authorities to save the life of this 10-year-old-girl, pregnant as a result of rape by her stepfather, by granting her the abortion her mother has requested;
- Reminding them that according to UN agencies, a pregnancy poses specific risks and potentially long-term consequences for the physical and mental health of girls;
- Urging the authorities to carry out an independent an impartial investigation into the rape of the girl and to hold those responsible for the abuse accountable.
PLEASE WRITE AS SOON AS POSSIBLE TO:
Minister of Public Health and Welfare
Ministro de Salud P?blica y Bienestar
Dr. Antonio Barrios
Pettirossi Esq. Brasil
Fax: +595 21 207 328
In Paraguay, abortion is only permitted when the life of the women or girl is at risk. In any other circumstances, even if pregnancy is the result of rape, incest or when the fetus has a severe malformation, abortion is not permitted.
In March 2015 the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights called on Paraguay to review and modify its abortion legislation to ensure its compatibility with other rights such as health and life.
According to recent official data published by UNFPA,
Paraguay 2.13% of maternal deaths correspond to 10-14-year-old girls. Two births a day are
10 to 14-year-old girls.
Article 3 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child states that "In all actions concerning children, whether undertaken by public or private social welfare institutions, courts of law, administrative authorities or legislative bodies, the best interest of the child shall be a primary consideration". The Convention on the Rights of the Child requires states, including Paraguay, to ensure girls access to abortion, at a minimum, when their health and life is in danger and in cases of rape and incest.
The World Health Organization in its Safe Abortion: technical and policy guidance for health systems (2012) notes that abortion laws and services should protect the health and human rights of all women, including adolescents. They should not create situations that lead women and adolescents to seek clandestine abortions, and they should pay special attention to the needs of girls, including those who have suffered rape.
Written and circulated by Amnesty International, 29 April 2015