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April 15, 2019
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1. EHV-1 in Nevada: Three More Horses Test Positive
Posted by Edited Press Release
April 12, 2019
The Nevada Department of Agriculture (NDA) has received reports that two horses that attended a National Reined Cow Horse Association (NRCHA) event have tested positive for the respiratory, non-neurologic form of equine herpesvirus-1 (EHV-1).
One horse originated from California, and the second was from Clark County, Nevada, and is under quarantine order by State Veterinarian JJ Goicoechea, DVM.
Horses that attended the NRCHA Stallion Stakes, which took place at the South Point Equestrian Center, in Las Vegas, March 30-April 6, might have been exposed to EHV-1. As such, owners of potentially exposed horses should exercise extreme caution when traveling or competing.
"No quarantine is in place for the South Point Equestrian Center and the facility continues to exercise extreme caution," Goicoechea said. "At this time, I am recommending horse owners in Nevada do not travel or compete with their horses."
In addition, there has been one unrelated case of EHV-1 reported on an unvaccinated horse with neurologic signs in Clark County.
"These two cases are not related and are examples of why monitoring of horses and rapid reporting of positive test results are critical to protecting Nevada's equine industry," Goicoechea said. "The facility where the EHV-1 positive horse with neurologic symptoms is located has also been placed under quarantine, and I am not making additional recommendations because the horse has no travel history off the property."
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2. CWD-Positive Deer Nearly Double As State Increases Sampling In 2018 [WI]
More Than 1K Deer Test Positive Out Of More Than 17.2K Deer Sampled
By Danielle Kaeding
Wisconsin Public Radio
April 11, 2019
Almost twice the number of deer tested positive for chronic wasting disease in 2018 from the previous year.
The state Department of Natural Resources announced this week more than 17,200 deer were sampled for CWD in 2018, of which 1,060 deer tested positive. In 2017, there were 597 deer that came up positive for CWD out of 9,841 deer sampled. Sampling data shows the CWD prevalence rate remains around 6 percent compared to 7 percent in 2016 and 9 percent in 2015 when fewer deer were sampled.
Tami Ryan, chief of the DNR's Wildlife Health Program, said the vast majority of deer that tested positive were in southern Wisconsin.
"We're seeing an increasing trend in the number of positives from year to year that are being detected," she said. "That is primarily a pattern that is emerging from the southern farmland zone."
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3. FWP releases 2018 Chronic Wasting Disease surveillance report [MT - edited]
April 11, 2019
Montana Fish, Wildlife & Parks recently completed the 2018 Chronic Wasting Disease Surveillance Report. The report is available on the FWP website.
During the 2018 season, FWP collected a total of 1,922 samples from mule deer, white-tailed deer, elk and moose. FWP detected 26 new cases of CWD among wild deer, including 21 cases along the northern border in every county from Liberty County east to the North Dakota border, and five cases within the CWD-positive area south of Billings.
Prevalence of CWD in the northern CWD-positive hunting districts (HDs 400, 401, 600, 611, 670, and 640) averaged 2 percent in mule deer, and 1 percent in white-tailed deer. Among these hunting districts, prevalence varied from 2 to 4 percent among mule deer and 0 to 4 percent among white-tailed deer.
For more information about CWD, including the complete 2018 surveillance report, visit and click on CWD.

4. FFAR Grant Helps Heat-Stressed Dairy Cows Weather Increasing Temperatures
Foundation for Food & Agriculture Research News Release
Hoard's Dairyman
April 11, 2019
Heat-stressed dairy cows cost the American dairy industry an alarming $1.5 billion annually. With temperatures expected to rise, the Foundation for Food and Agriculture Research (FFAR) awarded a $736,392 Seeding Solutions Grant to Cornell University to improve dairy cows' ability to withstand extreme heat. The FFAR grant is matched with funding from AB Vista, Adisseo, Balchem Corporation, Berg + Schmidt, Cornell University, Elanco, Phibro Animal Health, and Vetagro S.p.A. for a total $1.47 million investment.
The demand for dairy products and milk globally is expected to increase 57 percent by 2050. Rising temperatures will further compromise the American dairy industry in meeting future demand. Dairy cows are unable to efficiently produce milk when their body temperatures rise above normal, a condition known as hyperthermia-induced heat stress. Heat-stressed dairy cows also have reduced fertility, are more likely to develop infectious and metabolic diseases, and may succumb to premature death.
According to Dr. Joseph McFadden, Assistant Professor of Cattle Biology and Principal Investigator at Cornell University, "Climate change and extreme heat represent key barriers for the sustainable production of milk that meets consumer expectations for quality as well as the rising global demand for dairy foods. We must act now to develop innovative solutions that revolutionize how we feed heat-stressed cows to ensure optimum animal health and welfare while achieving gains in efficient milk production."

5. 'Prayers and Perseverance' Nebraska vet says worst of livestock health effects still to come
By Savanna Simmons
Tri-State Livestock News
April 12, 2019
In a 15 to 20 mile radius around the town of Ashland, Nebraska, it's mucky and wet, but thankfully not flooded. Most everywhere else is a different story.
Dr. Richard Porter, with Porter Ridge Vet Clinic in Ashland, said most of the livestock are still in either mucky or flooded conditions, and they can't and won't be treated until they can escape those conditions. Unfortunately for many, that isn't an option.
"How do you move everything when it's wet everywhere?" Dr. Porter asked. "How do you treat 100 cows? Where do you start?"
The most predominant effect at the moment is getting feed to animals, though much of the hay and silage in the area has also succumbed to the weather, which, according to the Nebraska Department of Agriculture (NDA), is not to be fed.
"Cattle and horses have to walk in that deeper mud. It's takes a lot more energy; some of these areas have been dealing with it for a period of time," he said. "It's hard to get feed to them, it stressed them out, they lose weight, especially if pregnant."

6. Pork producers seek trade and animal disease prevention
By AGDAILY Reporters
April 12, 2019
The National Pork Producers Council wrapped up its Spring Legislative Action Conference this week. More than 100 pork producers from across the United States gathered in Washington this week to meet with their representatives in Congress to discuss solutions for trade, animal disease preparedness and agriculture's labor shortage.
"Lifting metal tariffs on Mexico and restoring zero-tariff access for U.S. pork in our largest export market is our number one priority," said David Herring, a pork producer from Lillington, North Carolina and president of the National Pork Producers Council. "Restricted access to Mexico has placed a severe financial strain on our farmers for more than a year. We asked our representatives to do all they can to push for an end to this and other trade disputes, including China, that are hurting our export-dependent farmers."
NPPC members also urged members of Congress to advocate for the quick completion of a trade deal with Japan at a time when new trade agreements Japan has formed with other countries are threatening U.S. pork market share in its largest value market. Pork producers also urged their representative to vote to ratify the U.S.-Mexico-Canada trade agreement to secure long-term zero-tariff pork trade in North America.
Producers also discussed two solutions to mitigate the risk of animal disease in the United States: 1) appropriations funding for 600 new U.S. Customs and Border Protection agriculture inspectors to further strengthen defenses against African swine fever and other animal diseases and 2) to sign a letter of support that calls for the USDA to implement the Farm Bill as intended, including development of a Foot-and-Mouth Disease vaccine bank.

   USAHA News Alert Summaries is a service provided to its members as a timely, up-to-date source of news affecting animal health and related subjects, intended for personal use by USAHA members.  Information in these articles does not necessarily represent the views or positions of USAHA. 
   Sources of articles are state, national and international media outlets, press releases, and direct from organizations or agencies.  Each article includes direct citation and link.  Comments, questions or concerns about the information included in each article should be directed to the source in addition to USAHA. While USAHA strives for accuracy in the information it shares, the News Alert Summaries should be treated as a tool that provides a snapshot of information being reported regarding animal health and related subjects.

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