Unclean Water and Child Mortality
Un-pasteurized water and poor sanitation are a leading cause of child mortality. Childhood diarrhea and dehydration are closely associated with insufficient water supply, inadequate sanitation, water contaminated with communicable disease agents and
poor hygiene practices.
Diarrhea is estimated to cause 1.5 million child deaths per year;
mostly among children under five living in developing countries.
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Making Drinking Water Disease Free
The main aim for pasteurizing water is to make sure that water for drinking is free from diseases
that are known to cause illness to the human body. 

Boiling Contaminated Water
Clean safe water to drink is often guaranteed by chlorination in the cities of developed countries, which kills infectious microbes after it has been filtered. In developing countries, however, city water systems are less reliable, and water from streams, rivers and some wells may be contaminated with animal and human feces that pose a health threat. If contaminated water could be made safe for drinking by boiling, why is boiling not uniformly practiced? 

When Did Pasteurization Start?
It has been known since the late 1880s when Louis Pasteur conducted groundbreaking research on bacteria that heat can kill pathogenic (disease-causing) microbes. It only needs to be brought to a temperature sufficient to kill all harmful bacteria and disease-causing organisms at 149° F / 65° C. This is known as water pasteurization. Because the pasteurization temperature is much lower than the boiling temperature (212°), pasteurization results in great fuel savings. Sterilization, on the other hand kills all the organisms in the water while the lower temperature of pasteurization kills only those organisms that can cause harm to humans. Also, it retains the minerals for the body to absorb.
Pasteurization Occurs at 149°F
Water Boils at 212°F / 100°C
WAPIs for the World's
Wax Melts at 154°F / 67°C
This chart indicates the temperatures at which most common waterborne pathogens are rapidly killed resulting in at least 90% of the microbes becoming inactivated in one minute at the given temperature. (The 90% reduction is an indicator frequently used to express the heat sensitivity of various microbes.) Thus, at 149° temperature would cause at least a 99.999% reduction in viable microbes capable of causing disease. "Heat is the only proven process that is effective in destroying all waterborne pathogens." www.who.int

It is necessary to educate people about the need for clean safe water, as well as personal hygiene and sanitation through pasteurization. Among many people in the developing world, clean water is not perceived as being important. Since many people do not understand how germs are transmitted, many cases have been reported where people unthinkingly re-contaminate their safe water by putting it into a contaminated container, handle the container with unclean hands, or pass fecal material from person to person.
WAPIs, How Do They Work?
The WAPI is placed inside a water pot with the wax at the top of the small tube. A waited washer keeps the WAPI immersed in the fluids. When the wax melts and flows to the bottom of the WAPI, the liquid has been pasteurized. Take the WAPI out of the hot water pot and allow the wax in the WAPI to solidify, allowing a minimum of 1/2 hour before reuse. This allows the wax to cool-down for accurate readings. Flip the WAPI over and pull the stainless-steel wire through the opposite end for the next use. WAPIs are used in the process of pasteurizing water, cow, goat and other milks, as well as juice.

WAPIs are extremely useful for people who currently boil water to make it safe for drinking. The WAPI clearly indicates when safe pasteurization temperature has been reached and will save much fuel which is being wasted by excessive heating, deforestation and urban air pollution. This process protects the environment and alleviates the burden of finding fuel.
Where in the World is Bob?
Bob Tait enjoys traveling to developing countries to introduce sanitation practices, personal hygiene and, of course, WAPIs. On October 19, 2018, Bob will fly to Honduras where he will make his way through the jungle to the small town of Belen Gualcho where he will gather information about how their health has changed since being introduced to the WAPI. He encourages villagers to tell their stories in order to help determine the progress that has been made and see, first hand, how the WAPI has enhanced their lives.

Bob will also be asking questions such as, “Did you use the WAPI daily?” and “Did you get sick during the rainy season?” We will post details in our upcoming WAPI monthly emails.

I know Bob, Jim Dunn and his Agua Pura group will have a great time. God bless all of you for your participation in changing the world. One WAPI at a time! -Margo Dawn
NOTES:
  1. Know someone who is interested in knowing more about WAPIs for the World? Please forward this email to them.
  2. If you would like a WAPI, you may purchase one or more for $2.00 each. Also, we package larger orders of 50 for $100. To order please respond to Margo at margoWAPI@gmail com.
  3. Our newsletter will be sent on a monthly schedule. Next newsletter: November 9, 2018.

A non-profit 501(c)3 ministry assisting globally with safe and healthy water for survival.
WAPI, an acronym for Water Pasteurization Indicator, is needed and used in
developing countries and impoverished communities including the United States.
We teach villagers how to use the WAPI for clean water, personal hygiene and sanitation.  

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