MANAGING TYPE 1 DIABETES
IN YOUNG ATHLETES
November marked National Diabetes Awareness Month, and with this came an increase in consciousness and available resources related to this disease. In this article, we will focus on type 1 diabetes, which typically begins before adulthood.
For individuals with this autoimmune disorder, the body is not able to effectively produce the insulin needed to regulate blood sugar levels because the immune system destroys the cells that make insulin.
Potential symptoms of type 1 diabetes include the following:
- Excessive thirst
- Frequent urination
- Increased hunger
- Blurry vision
- Unexplained weight loss
Our muscles need sugar or glucose as energy for any physical activity. When exercising, the body releases more sugar to meet the increased demand for energy. This extra sugar release in the blood can pose a problem for those who do not have enough insulin to help regulate or reduce the concentration of glucose in the blood, which can lead to high blood glucose levels known as hyperglycemia.
Although children with diabetes can participate safely in sports, they need to take a few extra steps to monitor their condition. Blood sugar levels may need to be checked before exercise. Insulin dosages may need to be adjusted before rigorous exercise or sport to prevent low blood sugar levels. Having extra sugary snacks on hand during activity also may be needed to prevent low blood sugar during exercise.
Click here to learn more tips to help your child manage diabetes symptoms safely while participating in sports.
Please note, this information is intended to raise awareness about diabetes. If your child is exhibiting the symptoms above or has been diagnosed with diabetes, communicate with your child’s doctor to determine their best course of treatment.
Orthopedic ONE Clinic Hours:
- Mondays from 4:30 p.m.-8:30 p.m. at SuperKick - with Chris Kent, PT, AT
Please continue to utilize the Orthopedic ONE Sports Injury Hotline at 614-827-8210 for sports injury concerns requiring an immediate response.
Sources and Additional Resources: