t has been a rather productive week. It is good to see most the fields getting planter tracks made across them. The majority of the state has been able to put several good days of field work together. Many growers we have spoken with were able to finish up planting for 2016.
Some of the earliest planted corn fields are getting sidedress Nitrogen applications and post herbicide treatments as well. Weed pressure really seemed to jump this past week with adequate moisture and sunny days. Timely applications of herbicide are crucial to have good control. Size of weeds and staging of crop will improve herbicide success and reduce stress on the crop.
Soybeans are making headway but generally at a slower pace. Delayed emergence has growers considering replanting. The heavy rains in some areas have caused crusting in fields. If you are looking at fields with this scenario, remember this: plant stands as low as 73,000 plants per acre can still produce yields up to 90% of maximum potential.
Wheat continues along with no recent disease outbreaks to be concerned about outside of last week's message. If you have wheat heading into its reproductive stage and are considering using a fungicide, make sure to get your crop protectant and applicator lined up. Proper timing and good coverage of fungicide is key to successful results.
Hay and forage continues to get chopped or wet baled with very good tonnage being reported. I'm sure as growers get their row crops wrapped up more activity will take place on these acres soon.
Here are some filed reports from members of the ProHarvest team:
Planting around Ashkum should be pretty well wrapped up prior to the forecasted rain events. Most farmers finished over the weekend. It has been a while since we have been done planting here locally before Memorial Day. A few areas will possibly need some replanting or touching up, but nothing to the extreme of the past 2 years at this point. Some corn got tinged by frost last weekend, but it is pretty well coming out of that now with the heat. As you get north of Kankakee, soil conditions are wetter and cooler so their progress is not as far along.
What a difference a week can make! What started out as a very good planting season turned into a difficult season for many this week. The corn that was planted on April 23, 24, 25 and 26 developed significant problems. Due to the cool and wet soil conditions, corn fields have spotty stands
and many fields need to be replanted or patched. The main reason for this problem is called imbibitional chilling injury. This occurs when soil temperatures cool after planting and the kernels imbibe water and begin the germination process. The plant then shuts down causing poor germination. Again, this is occurring mainly on heavy, saturated soils. There are also a few reports of Pythium. With the nice weather returning, many farmers have completed their corn planting and replanting this past weekend.
Soybeans are quickly getting planted. We are over 50% planted and with a good forecast, we will exceed 75% by Tuesday, May 24. There are some crusting issues which have caused some farmers to hoe their fields to help with emergence.
We are getting close to being completely done with corn and soybean planting. I know of just a few fields of soybeans to be planted. Overall, this past week has seen continued improvement in corn fields and soybeans fields. The warmer temps at the end of week helped tremendously.
I continue to hear more reports of soybeans being replanted in western Illinois and eastern Missouri. PPO inhibitor herbicide seems to be what all these fields have in common. Cool weather probably slowed the soybean plant down just enough so that it could not metabolize the herbicide before it did damage to the soybean plant. Last week it was a few hundred acres that had to be replanted now it appears to be a few thousand acres.
North central Illinois is basically done with all planting as of this weekend. The last growers are finishing up this week. We did have a little frost damage in some isolated areas, but both corn and beans are coming out of it nicely with the warmer weather. No replant needed yet for corn or soybeans. So, we are off to a great start in this area!
Until next time,