January 11,
2017

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The Weekly Snapshot                            
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Learn more about the Blue Campaign and how you can #EndTrafficking.
January is National Slavery and Human Trafficking Prevention Month
 
President Obama proclaimed January as National Slavery and Human Trafficking Prevention Month. Trafficking in persons (TIP), also known as "human trafficking' and "modern slavery," is an umbrella term for the recruiting, harboring, transporting, providing, or obtaining of a person for compelled labor or commercial sex acts through the use of force, fraud, or coercion. Human trafficking is as much a domestic phenomenon as it is a global one, where victims are often recruited abroad and transported across borders into other countries to be exploited for labor and/or sex. Although TIP is a crime under  federal and international law , the number of those victimized is large. In  Profits and Poverty: The Economics of Forced Labour  ( PDF), the International Labour Office (ILO) estimates that nearly 21 million people are in forced labor globally. Of these, 14.2 million (68%) were exploited for labor, 4.5 million (22%) were sexually exploited, and 2.2 million (10%) were exploited in state-imposed forced labor. The ILO estimates that the 18.7 million victims exploited for labor or sex (excluding state-imposed forced labor) generated $150.2 billion per year. C rimes of human trafficking are difficult to research, as incidents are underreported and difficult to identify.  According to the Department of State's Trafficking in Persons Report (PDF), in 2015 there were 18,930 prosecutions of and 6,609 convictions for TIP crimes. In 2012, the year the ILO estimated there were 21 million people in forced labor, only 77,823 victims were identified. 
 

There are several myths and misconceptions about TIP, such as a victim must be physically forced, bound, or restrained, but the reality is a human trafficking situation does not require physical elements. Rachel Thomas, for example, was a junior at Emory University when she unknowingly met her pimp. He helped her into legitimate modeling work and groomed her for a month before making threats against her life and reputation if she didn't have sex with clients. Traffickers frequently prey on those who are poor, vulnerable, living in unsafe situations, or in search of opportunities or a better life. Victims are often deceived by false promises of love, a good job, or a stable life and are lured or forced into situations where they are made to work or exploit their bodies.

 

There are several organizations and resources available to aid in preventing, identifying, and responding to human trafficking. A few of these are listed below:

  • Blue Campaign:An initiative of the Department of Homeland Security, the Blue Campaign works in collaboration with law enforcement, government, non-governmental and private organizations to protect the basic right of freedom and to bring those who exploit human lives to justice. Campus safety officials can find infographics, a document library, free awareness training, and Blue Campaign materials and videos; learn to recognize the signs of human trafficking; and access a phone number (1-866-347-2423) to report suspected human trafficking.
  • National Human Trafficking Hotline (1-888-373-7888): This toll-free hotline is available to answer calls from anywhere in the country 24/7 in more than 200 languages. The National Hotline provides human trafficking victims and survivors with access to critical support and services and also seeks to equip the anti-trafficking community with the tools to effectively combat all forms of human trafficking. Their website provides information on TIP, statistics, a resource library, a referral directory, details about various federal anti-trafficking efforts, and ways to get involved.
  • Office for Victims of Crime (OVC) Human Trafficking: OVC has several resources available, including the Faces of Human Trafficking video series, to raise public awareness of human trafficking, the many forms it can take, and the important role that everyone can play in identifying and serving victims. The section for law enforcement lists several options for referrals, information on building and strengthening human trafficking task forces, and training to build the capacity of victim services and response to human trafficking.
  • Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons (TIP Office): The TIP Office, an office within the Department of State, conducts awareness-raising activities, partners to increase the availability of pro-bono legal resources and tools to combat human trafficking, publishes and annual TIP report, manages a foreign assistance program, provides human trafficking awareness training, and has several other resources available on their website.
  • Polaris: Polaris is a nonprofit, non-governmental organization that works to combat and prevent modern slavery and human trafficking by working with government leaders to protect victims' rights; building partnerships with the world's leading technology corporations; and assisting communities in identifying, reporting, and eliminating trafficking networks. The human trafficking section of their website includes statistics, subsections on sex and labor trafficking, indicators of TIP, details about victims and traffickers, survivor stories and America's Daughters video, links to related policy and legislation, and other resources.
  • Office on Trafficking in Persons (OTIP): An office of the Administration for Children & Families, OTIP seeks to combat human trafficking by supporting and leading systems that prevent trafficking through public awareness and protect victims through identification and assistance. OTIP offers information on TIP, victim assistance, training, research, grants, and other resources.  
Both the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) and the Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) currently have funding related to human trafficking available for institutions of higher education. Access the NIJ solicitation (PDF) or the BJA solicitation (PDF) for additional information.  

Register now!
You Still Have Two Days to Register for Our First 2017 Webinar!

We are starting off the new year with André Le Duc  who will present our first Campus Public Safety Online webinar of 2017,  Findings of the 2016 National Higher Education Emergency Management Program Needs Assessment , which will take place on Tuesday, January 17, 2017 at 2:00PM ET. Currently the Associate Vice President of Safety and Risk Services (SRS) and the Chief Resilience Officer of the University of Oregon, André's professional career and academic research are focused on the development of community and organizational resilience.

During this session, André will present the results of the 2016 
National Higher Education Emergency Management Program Needs Assessment   (PDF), a study requested and sponsored by the National Center for Campus Public Safety, the Disaster Resilient Universities® Network, and the International Association of Emergency Managers-Universities and Colleges Caucus. André will also discuss the five final recommendations, which were vetted and refined by an advisory committee, and next steps for moving forward. Our webinars are free and registration is required to hold a seat as space is limited. The deadline to  register  is Friday, January 13, 2017. For more information about our Campus Public Safety Online webinar series or this specific webinar, please visit  our website .

Download the final report.
White House Task Force to Protect Students from Sexual Assault Releases Final Report
 
On Thursday, January 5, 2017, the White House Task Force to Protect Students from Sexual Assault (WHTF) presented its second and final report at the It's On Us Summit, which brought together student leaders, campus, community, business and media partners, and federal colleagues. The Summit and presentation of The Second Report of the White House Task Force to Protect Students from Sexual Assault (PDF) was designed to allow attendees to hear from the Obama administration and other stakeholders about the work that has been done to address campus sexual assault since the WHTF issued its initial Not Alone report (PDF) in 2014.
 
The new report reviews the impact the WHTF and its efforts have had on institutions of higher education (IHEs) at all levels: research, development, planning, and implementation. The report also notes the important role the Department of Education's (ED) Office for Civil Rights has played in addressing sexual assault on campuses, negotiating "robust agreements with dozens of postsecondary institutions and school districts to resolve investigations related to sexual violence" and continuing to investigate more than 400 complaints across the United States.
 
The WHTF accomplishments are varied and target different audiences from students to campus public safety departments and campus administrators. The following are highlights from the report:  
  • The landmark Campus Climate Survey Validation Study (PDF), published by the Bureau of Justice Statistics in January 2016, confirmed and expanded upon previous findings about when and how sexual assault happens during the college years.
  • The It's On Us Campaign was launched in September 2014 by President Obama and Vice President Biden to engage students and bystanders in preventing sexual assault. Since its inception, almost 400,000 people have taken the pledge online and students have hosted nearly 2,000 events on more than 500 college campuses nationwide.
  • The Center for Changing Our Campus Culture: An Online Resource to Address Sexual Assault, Domestic Violence, Dating Violence and Stalking (the Center) is supported by Department of Justice's Office on Violence Against Women. The Center is a central source for information on campus sexual assault from the WHTF, the Departments of Justice, Education, and Health and Human Services, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
  • In March 2016, ED's Office of Safe and Healthy Students introduced a new, free platform of web-based school climate surveys. This platform allows the nation's schools, no matter the education level, to perform sophisticated analyses of school climate and enables them to assess conditions for learning that range from student safety to the quality of the instructional environment. In addition, a new Campus Safety and Security Data Analysis Cutting Tool was launched in May 2016 by ED's Office of Postsecondary Education to provide rapid customized reports for public inquiries relating to campus crime and fire data.
  • The WHTF charged the National Center for Campus Public Safety (NCCPS) with "developing a trauma-informed sexual assault investigation and adjudication curriculum that includes Title IX training for campus officials." In August 2016, NCCPS debuted their brand new curriculum at their Trauma-Informed Sexual Assault Investigation and Adjudication Annual Conference. Since then, the NCCPS has held regional Institutes throughout the U.S.
  • In 2016, the CDC released STOP SV: A Technical Package to Prevent Sexual Violence (PDF), a report on effective strategies for preventing sexual violence based on the best available evidence.
The report includes two appendices: Appendix A: A Guide for University and College Presidents, Chancellors, and Senior Administrators (PDF), also released on January 5, 2017; and Appendix B: List of Resources on Campus Sexual Misconduct. Appendix B is a comprehensive list of hyperlinks to campus climate surveys; prevention tools; training and technical assistance; sexual misconduct policies and procedures; community partnerships and memoranda of understanding; selected funding opportunities; and related law and policy sources.
 
For a full list of products, tools, and research findings on campus sexual assault produced during the Obama Administration visit the OVW Protecting Students from Sexual Assault website.

Access our online calendar of events.
Professional Development Opportunities

Title: Policing People with Disabilities: The Intersection of Race, Disability, and Policing
Organization: National Center on Criminal Justice & Disability
Date: January 19, 2017 at 1:00PM ET
Location: Online
Fee: Free

Title: Understanding the Complexities of Commercial Sexual Exploitation
Organization: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
Date: January 30, 2017 at 2:00PM ET
Location: Online
Fee: Free
 
Title: Disaster Behavioral Health
Organization: Chemeketa Community College
Dates: February 8 - 9, 2017
Location: Salem, OR
Fee: Registration Fee

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This project was supported by Grant No. 2013-MU-BX-K011 awarded by the Bureau of Justice Assistance. The Bureau of Justice Assistance is a component of the Office of Justice Programs, which also includes the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, the Office for Victims of Crime, and the Office of Sex Offender Sentencing, Monitoring, Apprehending, Registering, and Tracking. Points of view or opinions in this document are those of author and do not necessarily represent the official position or policies of the US Department of Justice.
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