September 28,

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The Weekly Snapshot                            
Your source for the latest tips, information, and current campus safety resources from the NCCPS.                       

Download the report.
NCCPS Report on Impact of Marijuana Legalization

Marijuana is the most commonly used illegal drug in the United States, and its popularity is growing. According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, of the 27 million Americans age 12 and older who in 2014 reported using illicit drugs within the previous month, 82% said they used marijuana of some form. Among college-age adults, marijuana use hit a 13-year high in 2014: 19.6% reported using it in the prior month.
The number of institutions of higher education (IHEs) that operate in states where marijuana use is now legal or decriminalized is expanding, and these changes are creating new challenges for campus safety officials at IHEs across the nation. To identify these challenges, the NCCPS facilitated an emerging issues forum on June 10, 2016 as part of our role to be a nationwide resource for  addressing critical issues in campus safety. Forum participants included campus safety executives from eleven IHEs in seven states. They identified and discussed specific challenges IHEs face related to marijuana legalization and decriminalization and grouped them into five categories: rapidly changing science, inconsistent data collection, resource constraints, outdated policies, and perception problems. Participants also discussed personnel management, training, and funding related to these challenges.
The group developed consensus on the following findings:
  • The world of marijuana is changing faster than educational, training, and enforcement efforts can keep pace with.
  • Conflicts between federal and state laws and a lack of national data-collection standards are complicating nearly all aspects of addressing marijuana on campuses.
  • IHE campus safety agencies need up-to-date drug-detection technology, more funding, and better options for managing drug offenses efficiently.
  • Legalization and decriminalization of marijuana has meant adjustment to many IHEs' student conduct and employment policies.
  • As marijuana use grows, reputation management will become increasingly important for IHEs that want to preserve and promote student success.
A full report of the discussion, including recommendations for addressing challenges, is available to download.

First Responder's Toolbox for Terrorist Attacks

The National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC), Department of Homeland Security (DHS), and Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) have released a first responder's toolbox entitled:  Complex Operating Environment-Educational Facilities: Post-Secondary Institutions . Information contained in this reference aid is for official use only (U//FOUO).
This resource is part two of a two-part series on educational facilities and intended to "promote coordination among federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government authorities and private sector security officials in deterring, preventing, and responding to terrorist attacks." The NCTC, DHS, and FBI encourage coordination between all stakeholders in advance of a terrorist incident so that specific vulnerabilities and gaps are identified and appropriate plans are developed.
If you would like a copy of this resource and are a member of a law enforcement, campus safety, or emergency management organization, you may request a copy. In your request, please provide your name, title, organization name, and a business phone number.
If you are not employed in a law enforcement, campus safety, or emergency management capacity and would like more information on deterring, preventing, and responding to terrorist attacks, we encourage you to consider membership in the InfraGard program. Operated by the FBI and dedicated to sharing information to prevent hostile acts against the United States, InfraGard involves a vetting process that, once successfully completed, may allow you access to future intelligence products.

Download the report.
Police Foundation Releases New Report on Foot Patrols
The Police Foundation, established in 1970 by a grant from the Ford Foundation, recently released a new report, Engaging Communities One Step at a Time: Policing's Tradition of Foot Patrol as an Innovative Community Engagement Strategy (PDF), which takes a closer look at the practice of police foot patrols as a community engagement strategy, and one commonly used in campus policing.
The report begins with a literature review that examines the historical context of foot patrols including the impact on crime reduction, citizens, and officers. Though studies conducted in the 1980s were unable to find significant crime reduction associated with foot patrols, they continued due to the identification of other positive benefits such as crime deterrence, local aid to other officers, and greater communication and exchange of information with community members that could help in reducing crime. For citizens, foot patrol is believed to create a sense of approachability, familiarity, and trust, particularly when the practice is performed consistently. Further, officers engaged in foot patrol have shown a higher level of engagement in their community and higher job satisfaction than those involved in other forms of policing.
Five agencies are featured in the report, each practicing foot patrols in different ways: Cambridge, MA Police Department; New Haven, CT Police Department; Kalamazoo, MI  Department of Public Safety; Evanston, IL Police Department; and Portland, OR Police Bureau. Site visits were conducted at each location as well as focus groups of citizens served by each agency and field observations of officers on foot patrol. Based on this information, the report identifies the benefits of foot patrol, challenges of implementing foot patrol, and recommendations for foot patrol implementation planning.
The report acknowledges limitations of the study. Perceptions of community members involved in the focus groups may be biased since they were selected for participation by their respective law enforcement agency, and limited time for field observations may have "inadequately captured many activities and experiences related to foot patrol." However, the findings stress the need for additional evaluations on this important topic. If you are interested in working with the Police Foundation on future research projects, please send an email to , or call (202) 833-1460.

Decision-Maker Survey
The National Weather Service (NWS) is conducting a survey that will gauge how decision-makers, such as campus emergency managers, use NWS watches, warnings and advisories, as well as assess the extent to which organizations have formally incorporated hazard messages into their decision-making processes via policies, protocols, laws, etc. For instance, the survey will ascertain if colleges/universities have a specific, written policy stipulating that a specific set of actions must or should be carried out if a NWS Blizzard Watch is issued.
This survey is part of the NWS Hazard Simplification Project, which is analyzing the use and effectiveness of NWS watches, warnings and advisories, and evaluating possible alternatives to these terms. Feedback will play an important role in the NWS decision-making process on how to improve hazard messages and will help the NWS understand the potential policy impact on various key partners if it significantly changes these messages.
This survey will close after  October 31, 2016 . If you have any questions or comments, please send an email to .

Access our online calendar of events.
Professional Development Opportunities
Title: The Intersectionality of Race and Class in Identity-Based Bullying
Organization: International Bullying Prevention Association (IBPA)
Date: October 6, 2016 at 2:00PM ET
Location: Online
Fee: Free

Title: Terrorism Response Tactics - Exterior Response to Active Shooter Events (ERASE)
Organization: Advanced Law Enforcement Rapid Response Training (ALERRT)
Dates: October 10-12, 2016
Location: Braselton, GA
Fee: Free
Title: IACP 123rd Annual Conference and Exposition
Organization: International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP)
Dates: October 15-18, 2016
Location: San Diego, CA
Fee: Registration fee

Campus Public Safety Online
Past NCCPS webinars are available to view.
Trauma-Informed Sexual Assault Investigation and Adjudication Institute
Join us for one of our scheduled institutes!
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This project was supported by Grant No. 2013-MU-BX-K011 awarded by the Bureau of Justice Assistance. The Bureau of Justice Assistance is a component of the Office of Justice Programs, which also includes the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, the Office for Victims of Crime, and the Office of Sex Offender Sentencing, Monitoring, Apprehending, Registering, and Tracking. Points of view or opinions in this document are those of author and do not necessarily represent the official position or policies of the US Department of Justice.
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