Weekly Urban News Update
October 19, 2018
In This Update: 
Hungary Bans Homelessness
Shocking Number of Schoolchildren Are Homeless in New York City
Single Mothers are Disproportionately Affected by Homelessness
Spotlight on Activists for Affordable and Equitable Housing
Urban Food Security in the Global South
Female Engineers: The Future of Africa's Urban Development
Upcoming Event: International Congress on Affordable Living in Sustainable Cities
This Week in Photos
Experiencing Homelessness Around the World
 
Hungary Bans Homelessness
On Monday, Hungary enacted a  constitutional amendment to ban people from sleeping on the streets. This law empowers police to give official warnings to homeless individuals which can result in jail time or community service.  Hungary, under the leadership of Victor Orban, is already facing intense scrutiny for  human rights violations . UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Housing  Leila Farha  condemned  the new legislation, stating that it "clearly contravenes (Hungary's) international human rights obligations...the government is sentencing this population not just to criminalization but also to ill health, trauma and potential risk to life." IHC Global especially extends its support to  Hungarian civil society organizations  that oppose this measure. IHC Global  believes  that a human-based holistic framework must be employed to address urban poverty and homelessness: one that involves municipal government, civil society organizations, and the international community.
  
Shocking Number of Schoolchildren are Homeless in New York City
On Monday, the nonprofit Advocates for Children of New York reported that New York City and New York State had identified 114,659 homeless school children in New York City during the 2017-2018 school year. New York Times journalist Eliza Shapiro pointed out that this number surpasses the entire population of Albany, New York.  According to Shapiro, despite a well-documented increase in the number of homeless children since 2010, city and state resources have risen little. Notably, limited municipal and state funding supports only 70 social workers to manage the welfare of 100,000 schoolchildren.  New York City School Chancellor Richard A. Carranza  suggests   that a lack of intergovernmental coordination has exacerbated the dearth of funds and resources. 
 
Single Mothers Disproportionately Affected by Homelessness
According to a BBC report published this week, single mothers are disproportionately affected by rising homelessness in England. Since 2010, the number of homeless in England has increased by 169%, of which women compose 92% of this population. Housing insecurity is a particular challenge for single women.  One mother interviewed, Karen Nel, said that she had once been moved three times in one week, stating that: "They can phone any time they want and move me the next day. You daren't make any plans for the future."
Spotlight: Housing Activism and Reform

News about homelessness this week hasn't been all bad. Leadership and activists continue to raise awareness about accessible and equitable housing around the world.
  • Pakistan: Prime Minister Imran Khan inaugurated the Naya Pakistan Housing Program that aims to construct five million houses for low income populations during the next five years.
  • Sri Lanka: Homeless activists fight for basic rights to housing and land.
Framing Urban Development in Africa

Urban Food Security in the Global South
In an analysis for the Center for Strategic and International StudiesChristian Man makes the case  that policymakers must expand their understanding of the unique challenges presented by urban food security. Man focuses on Africa, th most rapidly urbanizing continent ,  to demonstrate how standard views of food security can largely obscure the unique challenges presented by urban contexts.  He particularly calls attention to the impact of conflicts, noting that price spikes are often more devastating for the urban poor whose access to food is predicated on market stability. 

Female Engineers: The Future of Africa's Urban Development
WorldCrunch reports that female engineers may be the future of Africa's urban development. The creation of the Tanzanian Engineer Registration Board and the Female Engineers Capacity-Building Program has doubled the number of female engineers in Tanzania since 2010. Tanzanian d evelopment experts  believe that increasing the number female engineer s in Tanzania, as well as Africa generally, will contribute to economic and urban sustainability by reducing the need to hire expatriates.  IHC Global strongly supports the advancement of technical skills among women to facilitate equitable urban dev elopment.  As an example, IHC has recently focused on  training women real estate agents in Africa   to increase and diversify the  pool of professionals involved in property and land transactions as well as to help raise awareness about gender-related property issues .
Upcoming Event
International Congress on Affordable Living in Sustainable Cities 

November 1st-2nd, 2018
Compass Housing Services
Congress on the New Urban Agenda and SDGs
Newcastle, Australia

IHC Global coalition member  Compass Housing Services  will co-host the second annual New Urban Agenda and SDGs Congress in Newcastle, Australia. This year's theme is Affordable Living in SustainableCities: Achieving the Sustainable Development Goals and the New Urban Agenda. The Congress will engage government officials and policymakers, civil society stakeholders, academics, and business leadership in discussions on the key components of  SDG 11 : Leave No-one Behind, Looking After the Planet, Building for Durability and Sustainability, Shaping our Communities, and Making it Happen. Find more event information  here .
This Week in Photos
  • Art on the Mart: Chicago's Merchandise Mart will project video art for two hours a night five days a week.
  • The Youngest Member of the All Fifty States Club:  She may not have explored many cities, but Harper Yeats, age 3 months, hopes to become the youngest person to  join the All Fifty States club. Her parents have documented the 31 states she has visited so far.
  • Everyday Life in 1960s New York: The Guardian highlights Evelyn Hofer's photography of everyday life in New York City during the 1960s and 70s.  

Crowds in Chicago view giraffes projected onto the Merchandise Mart.
 (Photo credit:  The Chicago Tribune)
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