Coming Up at the Abbreviated
July 9 Town Board Meeting

This is the second year in which we scheduled a single Town Board meeting (rather than two) for each of July and August. It’s also the second year in which we’ve schedule a brief meeting for 8:00 AM for July 9. 
Recreation & Parks

The principal purpose of the meeting will be to interview applicants for the position of Superintendent of Recreation & Parks to succeed the recently retired Bill Heidepriem (Bill will be providing a few months’ of consultancy services to help transition us during the transition).  
Police Station Renovation Project
Closing Up Loose Ends with the Trades

It is very common on large projects to disagree with the trades on amounts owed.  Fortunately, we thus far are resolving all of them amicably without any threat of litigation. The Town Board will consider approval of a settlement agreement with Foremost Electric.  

We earlier had approved a settlement agreement with Verdi Construction, the general contractor on the project.  We are whittling away at the disputes and anticipate completing all of it within the next couple of months.  

My thanks to Police Chief Melvin Padilla who principally has been handling the negotiations and to our counsel, Eric Gordon, for preparing the settlement agreements.  
Supporting Caramoor

  The Board is considering a resolution in support of Caramoor’s $600,000 REDC grant request to be submitted to the New York State Office of Parks, Recreation, and Historic Preservation’s Environmental Protection Fund. The grant would be applied to Phase II of the Caramoor Visitor Experience project. The Phase II expansion plan includes signage, landscaping, ADA-compliant features and other enhancements that will complete Caramoor’s transition to a year-round, multi-arts and recreation destination. Caramoor explains in its application that the plan is imperative for ensuring the safety and enjoyment of visitors of all ages.

I wish to add that the Town Board encourages all its cultural institutions to seek grant funding from New York State and other funding sources. We are happy to support such applications.  
Climate Smart Communities Program
Bedford Goes for Bronze

This week Bedford applied to the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC) to become a bronze-certified Climate Smart Community under the DEC’s Climate Smart Communities program. In order to receive this certification, the town must show it has taken actions to promote environmentally-friendly initiatives.

Examples include installing solar panels on municipal property, installing LED street lights, encouraging recycling, and utilizing an environmentally preferable purchasing policy. Earning this certification will help the town receive future grants and demonstrate Bedford’s leadership in cutting edge environmental initiatives.

By applying for bronze-certification status, Bedford is continuing its commitment to the initial Climate Smart Communities pledge the town made in 2009. We will receive notification from the application committee around August 16th.

I wish to thank all of the hard work in compiling the application which would not have been possible without Bedford 2020’s Ellen Calves and summer intern Kayla Brandt, along with my summer interns Kenny Linder and Tim Parker.

I’d also like to thank the following town personnel that assisted in collecting the necessary documentation: Building Inspector Al Ciraco, Deputy Town Clerk Nina Kellogg, Public Works Commissioner Kevin Winn, and Comptroller Abraham Zambrano.   
Update on Westchester County Sales Tax Increase

In my most recent monthly report which was distributed on Monday July 1, I mentioned that the New York State legislature had adopted a 1% increase in the sales tax for most municipalities in Westchester County and that the measure was sent to Governor Cuomo for disposition. 

 The Governor signed the legislation which takes effect on August 1. For those interested, here is a link to the monthly report with the discussion of the effect of the increase. 
Seeking Applicants

Zoning Board of Appeals

There is a vacancy on the Town’s Zoning Board of Appeals (ZBA) for which the Town Board is seeking applicants.  The Zoning Board of Appeals (ZBA) is a five-member quasi-judicial board that allows applicants to appeal denials or other negative decisions of the Town’s Planning Board, Building Inspector or Town Board (though appeal for some negative decisions are not to the ZBA but rather to court).  

The ZBA also grants certain Special Use Permits (others are issued by the Planning Board) such as for private clubs, private schools and churches and may issue variances granting relief from various Town codes. If you may be interested in serving on the ZBA, please submit your resume together with a cover e-mail or letter to .
Bedford Veterans Advisory Group
Addendum – NYSEG

$5,000 Nissan Leaf Electric Vehicle
Discount Program Coming Soon

In my monthly report I discussed NYSEG’s June 27 meeting with municipal officials in the company’s Brewster Division, which includes Bedford, at which NYSEG provided update on its capital projects, both completed and planned, to improve infrastructure resiliency and reliability.  

As you may know, most Bedford residents’ electricity is provided through Direct Energy, under the Community Choice Aggregation program, also known as Westchester Power, a unit of the not-for-profit Sustainable Westchester.  NYSEG delivers the electricity over its lines so is working to reduce the incident of power outages.  [Most Bedford electricity customers are within NYSEG’s service area, but there also is a large portion bordering Mount Kisco which is within the Con Edison service area.]  

At its June 27 meeting, NYSEG discussed its commitment to New York State’s goals in reducing greenhouse gas emissions. In this regard, I’d like to provide a brief addendum to last week’s report with respect to NYSEG’s soon to be offered plan to provide a $5,000 discount to its customers for the purchase of the all-electric Nissan Leaf. 

Avangrid, the parent of NYSEG, is expanding its partnership with Nissan North America to provide 3.2 million customers and employees in New York, New England, and Oregon with a $5,000 discount on the Nissan LEAF electric vehicle. Avangrid also plans to increase its own EV fleet by 75 percent and reiterated its $34 million investment in the expansion of EV charging infrastructure across Maine and New York.

I have asked NYSEG’s representatives to provide further information on the program. As soon as I receive it, I’ll report on it.  
Revolutionary Revels Cocktail Celebration

Thursday, July 11
6:30pm to 9:30pm

Bedford Historical Hall
608 Old Post Road, Bedford

Fiery cocktails, wine, beer, scrumptious appetizers, live music with the Gerard Carelli Collective and a bonfire on the patio to celebrate Bedford’s comeback 240 years after the British burned the Village to the ground.

Tickets start at $125 and can be purchased at or calling
914-234-9751. Proceeds benefit the Bedford Historical Society’s Education Fund. (Adults only).
Katonah Museum of Art invites you to the
Summer is served at the KMA Block Party .

Saturdays , July 13 , August 10, September 14
Thursdays, July 25, August 1, August 22, 6:00 – 8:00 PM

Mark your calendars for a series of cool evenings complete with drinks, gourmet food trucks and great music celebrating what makes the KMA the place to be. Enjoy a curated selection of bands and performers across many genres.

JUL 13:  Will Moloney, Old Table & Friends Indie Rock
JUL 25:  Mark Morganelli & The Jazz All-Stars Brazilian Jazz
AUG 1:  Sami Stevens Trio R&B
AUG 10:  Peter & The Four26 Fan Favorites
AUG 22:  Foxanne Indie Singer Songwriter
SEP 14:  Mark Morganelli & The Jazz All-Stars American Popular Songbook

$20 members, $25 non-members. Tickets include complimentary soft drinks, craft beer, wine and specialty cocktails. Children under 18 are free. Bands subject to change. Rain or shine.
Light refreshments served. Click here to purchase tickets.
The Standard Hotel, Miami Beach, Florida 2009


Opening reception to take place on Saturday, July 20 th and will coincide with the The Katonah’s Art Stroll.

Affordable Housing Law Amendment
Grant Applications
Cherry Ridge Lake Advisory Committee
Wireless Master Plan
Bedford Town Interns

Heat Smart Offers Attractive Opportunities

Thanks to a grant from New York State Energy Research & Development, homeowners in the towns of Bedford, Lewisboro and Pound Ridge now have a unique opportunity to determine whether heat pumps might provide a more comfortable home while saving on energy bills.  Heat pumps draw from either the ambient air (air source pumps) or the earth (geothermal pumps). Geothermal provides a constant temperature of about 54 degrees allowing for heating in the winter and cooling in the summer. 

The program is spearheaded by Energize NY, in partnership with Sustainable Westchester, Abundant Efficiency and NYSERDA, provides homeowners in the three towns the opportunity to learn whether these new renewable energy choices are right for you.  Energize has launched an ambitious community outreach program to introduce homeowners both to the technology and reputable, certified heating and cooling and energy efficiency experts who offer the latest clean energy technologies including air source and geothermal heat pumps and energy efficiency improvements. The contractors are Bruni & Campisi (914-269-6760), Healthy Home Energy & Consulting, Inc. (9144-242-9733) and Dandelion Energy (833-436-4255)
On Thursday, June 26, the Heat Smart team was on hand for the community to explain the program (together with serving Tacos). 

Like to know more?   Please click on this link  
or call 914-302-7300 x1     There is no cost or obligation to learn whether Heat Smart is right for you.
Our thanks to Lauren Brois, Bedford 2020, the contractors and the Heat Smart campaign team for an excellent presentation.
Update on Recreation & Parks Department

As I reported last week, the parks are in fine form with now retired Superintendent of Recreation and Parks Bill Heidepriem ensuring that the parks would open on schedule and fully ready for another wonderful summer season.  Bill did not disappoint and we do hope that you and your family are enjoying the parks.  

We are moving ahead with interviews for Bill’s replacement (hard shoes to fill) and tentatively plan to make an appointment at the Town Board’s July 16 meeting.  Meanwhile our department staff is doing an excellent job running all operations.  
Westchester County Takes Action to Ban Polystyrene – Press Conference at Reading Room in Katonah
Photo: Westchester County Legislator Kitley Covill with Supervisor Chris Burdick, members of the
Environmental and Energy Committee, and supporters.
Westchester County has adopted a new County law banning the use of polystyrene (Styrofoam is the well-known brand name of one manufacturer) at food service establishments in the County. Bedford’s County Legislator, Kitley Covill, who is Vice Chair of the Board of Legislator’s Environment and Energy Committee, worked several months on the law resulting in a bipartisan unanimous adoption.  

There are serious health concerns regarding polystyrene. The International Agency for Research on Cancer since 2002 has established styrene, used in the manufacture of polystyrene, as a possible human carcinogen. Though the federal Environmental Protection Agency does not at this time classify styrene as a carcinogen, an EPA report on the substance identifies adverse effects on the nervous and respiratory systems and possibly kidney and liver. Food in polystyrene containers can be contaminated by chemicals that leach into the food. Further, polystyrene becomes nearly ubiquitous in the environment because it is not readily compostable nor does it readily degrade. 

The law, which takes effect on December 10, 2019, (to allow affected businesses to prepare for the new law), exempts foam coolers, ice chests and containers used to store raw eggs, raw or uncooked meats and fresh produce, as well as packaging used for retail sale of electronics either from Westchester stores or shipped into Westchester. It also will not apply to sales of goods by residents at homes (e.g., yard sales). 
County Executive George Latimer and County Legislator Covill were on hand yesterday at the Reading Room in Katonah with owners Peter Menzies and Gretchen Jordan, who since they first opened the Reading Room have avoided the use of polystyrene, and rather use environmentally friendly products. 
Photo: Westchester County Executive George Latimer with Supervisor Chris Burdick and REading Room owner Peter Menzies (left).
Photo: Bedford2020's Ellen Calves
June 15 2019
The Veterans Memorial Dedication Ceremony

It was a perfect day for family, friends and neighbors at the dedication ceremony in on the Katonah Green last Saturday. If you missed the dedication, the next time you are near the Katonah Library, walk across to the esplanade and take a look.

We are grateful to our County Executive Ken Jenkins and our NY State Senator Shelley Mayer for celebrating with us.
From L to R, Dep. Cty. Exec. Ken Jenkins, Bill Cryan (Aidan's father), Eagle Scout candidate Aidan Cryan, State Sen. Shelley Mayer and me at the dedication of the Veteran’s Memorial which was Aidan Cryan’s Eagle Scout project. photo: Sue Mesick
Mark Sindeband, member of the Veterans Advisory Committee, and Jack Cabaness, Pastor of the Katonah Presbyterian Church.
photo: MaryAnn Carr
The Veterans Memorial
on the Katonah Green.
photo: MaryAnn Carr
Highlights of the
Town Board’s June 18 Meeting

2018 Audited Financial Statements
of Town Operations

The auditing firm of PKF O’Connor Davies presented the financial statements for the Town as of December 31, 2018 . Alan Kassay, a member of the firm, stated that the Town’s financial position continues to be strong, noting the reaffirmation by Standard & Poor’s Global of its highest bond rating of AAA.

  1.  The fund balances (or reserves) stand at 35.6% for the General Fund (which covers the majority of the Town’s operations including the Police Department, Recreation and Parks Department, Justice Court, Receiver’s Office, Assessor’s Office, Building and Planning Departments and Supervisor’s Office and Town Clerk’s Office.  
  2. The fund balances (or reserves) stand at 24.6% for the Highway Fund (roads, snow removal, water department).
  3. In 2018 the Town operations resulted in a modest underspending of
  4. the adopted budget and receipt of modestly more than budgeted for non-property tax revenues. 
  5.  All other District Funds were able to add small amount to their reserves and still provided services to its resident.
  6. As part of the Town’s practice to pay down debt aggressively, $3,650,073 of bond debt was amortized in 2018. This practice allows for the Town Board to plan accordingly and keep debt payments affordable. 
Adams Street Maintenance Building Construction Project
Bid Results and Proposed Financing Structure

Following bid results and the recommendations of Public Works Commissioner Kevin Winn (which Comptroller Abe Zambrano and I support), the Town Board approved the low bids and the financing sources for the Adam Street Maintenance Building Project. 

Public Works Commissioner Kevin Winn reported to the Board the results of bids received for the construction of the Adams Street maintenance building. The bids, in the aggregate, were $801,948 over estimates, resulting in the project exceeding presently available funds. Commissioner Winn is recommending to the Board a revised project budget and funding sources developed with Deputy Supervisor Roberts, Comptroller Zambrano and me.   The estimator for our bids stated that he has been seeing recent high numbers in these areas due to tariff concerns and a very busy building construction market. We discussed the possibility of re-bidding, but it is thought that the likely result would be higher bids due to the current market and fact that the existing bid results are known.

Contractors are required to hold their bid prices for 45 days, which expires on July 1, 2019.

While it is very unfortunate that the project is over budget, Commissioner Winn recommends that the Town Board proceed due to:

  1. The safety and cost benefits that it will provide. The new facility will create much safer working conditions for our equipment maintenance employees, giving them adequate space to move between equipment being serviced, and greater ability to raise equipment to work underneath. It will also increase the life of equipment going forward by creating additional indoor storage in our existing building. Adding two years of life to the six additional pieces of equipment that will be stored inside would save approximately $20,000 per year in equipment replacement cost. The project will begin in July 2019 and be scheduled for completion in March 2020.
  2. Apart from delaying the benefits derived from the significantly improved facility, postponement of the project likely would have resulted in elimination of cost benefit from carrying out the entire project at one time and thus significantly higher overall cost.

In order to complete the project in a fiscally prudent manner, Comptroller Zambrano and Commissioner Winn proposed and the Town Board approved the following project budget:
Approved funding sources for the project are:
  1. We anticipate that the expense budget can be reduced by this amount with sufficient remaining balance for typical weather in November and December. Due to mild weather in January to March 2019, the balance remaining from the 2019 budget for snow removal operations is $346,000 out of a total budget of $927,000. This balance is above average for this time of year, as most of the budget is typically spent in January to March.
  2. Remaining fund balance will be well above the balances required by the Town’s policy
  3. This will result in keeping a 1998 dump truck for one additional year. Although the truck is at the end of its useful life, it will be functional as a winter plow/sanding truck until it is replaced with budgeted 202 capital funds.

Wireless Facilities Master Plan – Consultancy Services

The Town’s Wireless Facilities Working Group (WFWG), which is advisory to the Town Board, presented a proposal submitted in response to a Request for Proposal for consultancy services for the Study and Report of Emergency Service and Wireless Telecommunications Infrastructure Master Plan (Master Plan). The WFWG also intends that, as on a separate basis, the consultancy firm would have the expertise, experience and capacity to advise the Planning Board and the Town Board on applications for wireless facilities. In addition to such criteria, other requirements of the consultancy services include: (1) free of any conflict of interest; and (2) objective and dispassionate in its
review and advice regarding the wide range of wireless technology. CityScape Consultants, Inc and Federal Engineering jointly submitted a proposal, dated May 10, 2019, to the WFWG for development of a Master Plan at a total cost of $104,000. It was the only proposal submitted.

It is felt that notwithstanding the lack of competing proposals, given the magnitude/scope of the services to be provided and experience and expertise of the firms, the cost is fair and reasonable.

The WFWG interviewed the consultants on June 13, and recommended to the Town Board acceptance of the proposal, subject to attorney review and approval of the consultancy agreement, insurance/indemnification and Comptroller review and approval of payment schedule (which may entail further Town Board authorization).

The Board approved the proposal subject to Town Board review and approval of a consultancy agreement; Comptroller approval of an acceptable payment schedule; and submission of requisite insurance and indemnification.  
Stormwater Mapping

NYSDEC recently announced a new funding round for the Water Quality Improvement Program, Round 16, which allocates $70 million to qualified applicants. The Town of Yorktown, through the Northern Westchester WQIP Consortium, will be submitting an application for Municipal Separate Storm Sewer Systems (MS4) Mapping. The Consortium is being planned to offer a coordinated and comprehensive approach to stormwater mapping within the municipalities of Northern Westchester County, and is anticipated to include the Towns of Bedford, Cortlandt, Lewisboro, New Castle, North Castle, North Salem, Somers, Yorktown and the Villages of Buchanan and Croton-on- Hudson.

The goal of the application is to leverage individual resources at the town and village level to benefit and share resources across all of the participating municipalities. There are many environmental sensitive areas in our communities, including NYC watershed areas and other critical and impaired waterbodies. A grant award would enable us create and refine comprehensive GIS mapping layers of the Northern Westchester drainage area and continue to meet NYSDEC regulatory requirements for stormwater reporting. The grant will assist the Town of Bedford in maintaining NYSDEC MS4 permit mapping compliance. The grant requires a 25 percent community match, which can be satisfied with in-kind labor by the Town work force to field verify stormwater structures to be included in the mapping data set.
Pilot Food Waste Pick-Up Program

The Town in partnership with Bedford 2020 is pushing ahead with measures to further reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.  We’re potentially getting help from the State.  With a 50-50 match grant program, NYSDEC is encouraging municipalities to submit innovative and promising projects for GHG emission reduction.  The United States Environmental Protection Agency reports: that about 94 percent of the food we throw away ends up in landfills or combustion facilities. In 2015, we disposed 37.6 million tons of food waste. Food waste comprises by weight a considerable portion of the solid waste flow going into landfills. Collecting and composting food waste will reduce methane emissions from landfills and lower our carbon footprint. 
The proposed project, which Bedford 2020 endorses, is a pilot program consisting of forty families, chosen each year on a first-come, first-served basis, for curbside food waste pick-up. It is proposed that after each year of the three year program, residents on the pilot program wishing to continue the pick-up would make separate arrangements for such services at that time. The total estimated value of donated time over the three year period is $37,855.70 for a total project cost of $75,295.70. 
From our Nixle Alerts:

To read the alert, please click above.
PRIOR POSTS of Continued Relevance
Congratulations and Kudos!
Jack Kelleher, Eagle Scout

Our Congratulations to Jack Kelleher of Katonah for achieving the highest honor of Eagle Scout during the Court of Honor Ceremony by Troop 1 Katonah.
Since its inception in 1911, only four percent of Scouts have earned this rank after a lengthy review process.
Pictured above: Jack receiving a Certificate of Commendation from the Town. Right: The pinning ceremony with parents Bernadette and Jim.
Kudos to our Town Clerk
Lisbeth "Boo" Fumagalli!

Every once in a while we have the opportunity for bragging rights on the superior public servants who work for the Town of Bedford.

Congratulations go out to our very own Town Clerk, Boo Fumagalli!

Autism Registry forms
An Autism registry has been implemented on the Bedford Police Department website. The Bedford Central School District has been given access to the forms to distribute to students and parents. You can also download the forms here .
Update on Improvements to
Bedford Hills Commuter Lots
New LED lights were installed on the path between Lot 4 (adjacent to the stairs leading up to the pedestrian overpass) and Lot 7 (fronting Railroad Avenue) in order to improve visibility and safety.

The lights will also save energy when compared to the ones that were replaced. As earlier reported, we have further improvements planned for this Summer and Fall. We thank our Lot 7 resident permit holders for their patience. 

WEEK OF 7.4-7.13

Recreation & Parks

Recycling News
(click below to read)
Supervisor Chris Burdick talks about the significant achievements the town has made with regards to its environmental initiatives.

In addition, he speaks about the potential acquisition of the Buxton Gorge and Memorial Day with American Legion Commander, Tom Cieslinski.

Congratulations to Bedford2020
and the Town of Bedford!
Piictured above: Bedford2020's press conference at the Bedford Courtroom on Wednesday May 15.
Bedford Exceeds 2020 Emissions Target by Wide Margin

The Town in partnership with the not-for-profit Bedford 2020 set a goal to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 20% by the year 2020.  

This was a target for the entire town, not simply municipal operations.  
Bedford is the first municipality in New York State to track, report and verify a 70% town wide reduction in GHG emission. It began with setting the goal and with it in 2010, the Town becoming the first community in New York State to adopt a Climate Action Plan as a chapter in its Town Comprehensive Plan.

Under the Climate Action Plan, the Town took implemented myriad polices and strategies to enable us to exceed the 20% goal by a wide margin: 70% reduction in GHG emissions between the years 2004 (the baseline year) and 2017. Key initiatives which enabled us to attain such a reduction:

  •  Energy efficiency, including the Town’s participation in Community Choice Aggregation – the not-for-profit bulk purchase of NYS renewable-sourced electricity. 
  • Energize Bedford, which provides residents low cost or no cost energy audits and financing for energy efficiency upgrades which pay for themselves through reduced energy expenditures.
  • Single-stream recycling.
  • Electric vehicles – resident and Town purchases.

For more information, please see Bedford 2020’s press release at
(click image below to view)
Cyber Security – Don’t Fall Victim
Most of us at one time or another have had to deal with fraudulent credit card charges, attacks through our e-mails or other schemes to steal funds.  Fortunately, there is a great deal of advice on how to protect yourself. The U.S. Federal Trade Commission provides excellent practical pointers to thwart scammers using e-mails or text messages to lure you into turning over personal information. Please see .  Another source is   

The website of the Town of Bedford, as previously reported, was attacked and we had to disable the site for a couple of days to restore the website.  

Fortunately, the damage was minor and easily fixed. We have excellent defenses such that no data of the Town, residents or anyone doing business with the Town was ever at risk (online transactions are handled by third parties with robust security systems).  
Employment Opportunity

Part Time Parking Enforcement Officer

The Bedford Police Department is seeking a qualified candidate for the position of part time Parking Enforcement Officer.

GENERAL STATEMENT OF DUTIES: Patrols an assigned district during a specified period for the enforcement of all applicable ordinances and parking violations and issues summonses for such violations; does related work as required.
  • Familiarity with the geography of Bedford and the location of private and public parking facilities
  • Ability to enforce the ordinances and regulations with firmness and tact
  •  Ability to keep simple practical records
  • Ability to orally communicate clearly and concisely
  • Ability to learn the procedures and regulations involved in the enforcement of the parking ordinances and other standing violations
  • Ability to use computer applications or other automated systems such as spreadsheets, word processing, calendar, e-mail and database software
  • Ability to read, write, speak, understand, and communicate in English sufficiently to perform the essential duties of the position
  • Tact; courtesy; physical condition commensurate with the duties of the position.

MINIMUM ACCEPTABLE TRAINING AND EXPERIENCE: Graduation from high school or possession of a high school equivalency diploma.

SPECIAL REQUIREMENT: Possession of a valid license to operate a motor vehicle in New York State at the time of appointment

Please send resume and letter of interest to:
Beaver Dam Yard Waste and Compost Facility

The Town of Bedford Beaver Dam Compost Facility processes recyclable wood waste and leaves from the Town and provides beneficial reuse of the waste as compost and mulch. The facility provides an extremely cost effective method for this recycling as well as an environmental benefit of local recycling with minimal transportation requirements. It is open for residents to dispose of recyclable wood waste (logs and branches up to 6” diameter, brush, and leaves), as well as pick up wood mulch and leaf compost. This service is free to Town of Bedford residents between 7:30 AM and 3:00 PM Monday to Friday, excluding Town holidays.

With Spring clean-up and planting season here, you may find these services helpful. I encourage you to review the updated information by clicking on  Beaver Dam Compost Facility on the Town’s website.


Previous e-news issues

Much is repeated in each newsletter, but to reduce the length each week, here are the past few complete newsletters.

Previous MONTHLY Reports

In case you missed them, please refer to my most recent monthly reports:

A regular reader of this weekly newsletter asked why I repeat certain posts from week to week. I do so because not everyone reads my newsletter on a weekly basis, much information provided remains relevant and I wish to continue to alert the community about it. In response to the comment, however, you will see that I've divided the newsletter into two sections "New Posts" and "Continuing Posts". Both sections are relevant and, I believe, worthy of review.

I wish to thank readers for making suggestions and comments; over the years, I've not only changed format but added content based on them
(for example, why the flags are flown at half-staff.