Winter 2016
In this issue
New Journal of Extension Editor
Awards Season
Idaho Extension Wildfire Response
Penn State Extension Water Team Wins Award
Lessons Learned: A Rotary Kiln & Mobile Pyrolysis Reactor
New Core Curriculum for Stormwater Practices
Book Your Blue Revolution
Pennsylvania ANREP Updates
Extension Sustainability Summit 2016
Great Plains LID Symposium
Advanced Hardwood Biofuels National Working Forum (Poplar and Willow)
President's Corner ________________

First, let me say "Happy New Year".  I hope 2016 is filled with good events for each of you, both personal and professional.  Second, I'd like to say "Farewell" to our outgoing Past-President, Bob Bardon.  Bob was a wonderful source of wisdom and calm decision-making on the ANREP Board.  I have no worries, however, as Dean Solomon is another such source.  During my year as President-Elect, I was able to work with my fellow Board members quite closely.  They are a truly dedicated group of individuals.  The trend continues as the Board welcomes the newest members:

President-Elect:  Chris Jones, University of Arizona
Southern Region Rep:  John Kushla, Mississippi State University
Western Region Rep:  Bill Warren, University of Idaho
Next, plans have progressed on the various conferences in which ANREP is involved:
JCEP Leadership Conference:  Feb. 10-11, Las Vegas, NV
PILD Conference:  April 10-13, Washington, DC
ANREP/NACDEP joint conference:  June 26-29, Burlington, VT
Registration is currently open for PILD.  Registration for the joint ANREP/NACDEP conference is scheduled to open on February 15.  Committees for both conferences have given much thought to making these exemplary professional development opportunities for our members.
Last, ANREP depends on its members to volunteer for various tasks and committee.  This year will emphasize that, as we will need volunteers to assist at the ANREP/NACDEP conference.  A volunteer request will be sent out once the needs solidify.  We are also looking at ways to help you, our members, to attend conferences.  The silent auction helps raise funds for travel scholarships; please consider donating an item.  Our wonderful prior Past-Presidents have grouped together to start a separate fund to assist with travel.  We are also looking for sponsorship.  If you know of any potential conference sponsors - including a contact name and number - please pass that information to your Regional Rep.
Looking forward to good things in 2016,

President, 2016

North Carolina State University - Area Specialized Agent

ANREP Updates ___________________
The Extension Journal (EJI) Board is pleased to introduce the new editor for the Journal of Extension. Debbie Allen assumed the role of editor-in-chief of the Journal January 1, 2016. Allen has worked as a writer and editor for more than thirty years in the fields of journalism, scholarly publications and book editing, educational publishing, and technical writing and editing. She has substantial experience managing complex editorial projects.
Allen has been involved with the Extension System since 1996, first as a publications editor in the University of Kentucky's Department of Agricultural Communications and more recently as an eXtension copy editor. She is a strong believer in the mission and values of Extension and is eager to assist Extension professionals in advancing theories and practices which can be used to share with the public knowledge and expertise gained through university research. In addition, she enjoys mentoring others and developing friendly and productive relationships with her colleagues.
Besides working (and playing) with words, Allen enjoys spending time with her husband, hanging out with family and friends, and roughhousing with her dog. Her favorite activities include traveling, which she and her husband do as often as they can, and exploring woodlands, which she and her husband do when she can talk him into it!
With Debbie's expertise and extensive background, the Board is excited about the next 50 years for the Journal. I encourage ANREP members to not only make reading the bi-monthly issues of the Journal one of your 2016 professional resolutions, but also you and your colleagues will submit at least one article about an innovative natural resources program in your county, region or state.  

Submitted by:
ANREP Representative to EJI
University of Minnesota
Planning continues to progress for this summers joint conference.   Registration is now open.  Check out the available conference information on the conference website and check back often for updates.

June 26-29, 2015

Burlington, Vermont

Sheraton Burlington Hotel & Conference Center

Awards Season

The 2016 ANREP awards are open for nominations.  Nominations must be received by  5pm Pacific Standard Time on February 26 .

Please consider nominating a fellow ANREP member or yourself for an award! 

For questions on award categories or rules, contact Awards Committee Chair, Duane Friend.

For technical questions on the website, contact web manager, Darryl Outlaw.
Submitted Articles ________________
Idaho Extension Response to 2015 Wildfires

Lolo Creek watershed. Idaho County, Idaho.  September 2015.  Credit: Bill Warren
The 2015 wildfire season in Idaho was predicted to be a bad one, and was. Extreme drought, coupled with a low snow pack the previous winter, created extremely dry fuels. As much of the state normally receives a high number of lightning strikes in the summer months, when ignitions came the fires were difficult to control, especially with the severe wind events that occurred.

University of Idaho Extension responded on several fronts to respond to these events, beginning with public programs in the spring of 2015 on Reducing Fire Risk in the Wildland Urban Interface, and then following the fires with multiple programs in several fire-affected communities on agency fire-recovery assistance programs, salvage logging and erosion control, the property and income tax implications of timber loss, pasture and rangeland rehabilitation after fire, weeds, grass seeding, and other topics.

In addition, UI Extension offices were used to coordinate donations of hay for ranchers who had lost their pasture/hay to fire. In southern Idaho, around 400 tons of hay were donated, and UI Extension Educator Scott Jensen was part of a group who oversaw the distribution of around 50,000 lbs of seed that were donated for private acres that burned.

Lolo Creek watershed. Idaho County, Idaho. September 2015. Credit: Bill Warren
In northern Idaho Extension Educator Jim Church in Idaho County coordinated a "hay and pasture exchange" for those whose forage was impacted by the fires.

Also in the northern part of the state, Extension Educator Bill Warren, in addition to conducting the pre and post-fire programing efforts mentioned above, lead the coordination of a multi-agency effort to conduct post-fire assessment and recovery for the tens of thousands of acres of non-industrial private forestlands that burned, as well as oversaw the distribution of over 500 fire recovery information packets and the publication of a special "fire" addition of the Extension Newsletter that was mailed to over 2500 landowners in the fire-affected areas.

These efforts have lead to the formation of a Multi-Agency Fire Recovery Leadership and Technical Group that is conducting a landscape-scale post-fire assessment of the area, as well as strategizing how the assessment can be used to get additional resources to help private landowners through this disaster. A fire recovery conference is planned for May 21 in Kamiah, Idaho to roll out the results of the assessment, and look at "where do we go from here" in terms of fire recovery and reducing fire risk in the future.

Submitted by:
University of Idaho Extension
Assistant Professor / Extension Educator
Land Based Economic Development and Land Stewardship
Penn State Extension Water Team Wins Award

Local Penn State Extension Educator, Jim Clark, received the 2015 Outreach and Education Award from the North American Lake Management Society (NALMS) Award Program Chair, Dick Osgood, at their annual conference in Saratoga Springs, NY, on Thursday, November 19, 2015. Clark accepted the award on behalf of the "Penn State Extension Water Resources Team" for their work in pond and lake management education in Pennsylvania.
The extension team conducts a twelve week On-Line Pond Home Study Course each year beginning in April. Three hundred and twenty-two pond owners have participated to date, 227 from Pennsylvania, 51 covering 24 other states, and one international student. The registration site for the 2016 pond course is at
The water team produces and archives monthly water webinars related to water resources. Since 2010, there have been 9 pond and lake management related webinars. A total of 578 pond and lake owners or consultants have attended one of these live webinars and nearly 2,000 have viewed the recorded webinars. Of the 271, from 2013 to 2015, that evaluated the webinars, 96% or 261 stated they learned new information about pond and lake management and 154 or 57% stated they planned on taking action to improve their water resource because they viewed the webinar.
Pond and lake workshops are held across Pennsylvania each year. During 2014, over 450 pond or lake owners attended, representing several thousand acres of ponds and lakes. Ninety-nine percent of attendees learned some new management concept and a 6 month follow up evaluation showed that 72% or 324 had already taken action on nearly 1500 acres of water as a result of attending an extension workshop. In 2015, the Penn State Water Team was trained in identifying harmful algal blooms and an 18 thousand dollar grant was secured for training.  Compound microscopes, with cameras, have been placed in several extension offices across the state. Pond owners can now submit algae samples to extension water educators for identification.
Finally, the Penn State Extension Water Team was instrumental in working with the Penn State Water Lab to offer a pond and lake water test kit to the public. The team assists in distributing the test kits and assisting pond owners with interpretation of the test results. Kits were made available in 2010, and to date 595 pond and lake water samples have been analyzed. The aggregate data from this analysis is available on line at and shared at educational events for educational purposes. 

Submitted by:
Water Resources Educator
Penn State Extension
Lessons Learned: Developing and Demonstrating a Rotary Kiln Mobile Pyrolysis Reactor

In 2014 the Utah Biomass Resources Group (UBRG) received a grant from the US Department of Transportation's SUN Grant program to scale-up the mobile pyrolysis technology developed by Amaron Energy of Salt Lake City. This $493,000 grant also includes a sub-award to the Chemical Engineering Department at the University of Utah to conduct research on upgrading an important byproduct of the pyrolysis process: bio-oil. Dr. Eric Eddings leads a team that is working to convert the bio-oil into a product that can be utilized by blending with petroleum products for heat production.
Mobile pyrolysis unit in full operation at Timber Harvest Tour (top); Bio-oil (one of three potentially valuable products, biochar, syngas, bio-oil) produced from mobile pyrolysis (bottom).

Amaron's pyrolysis kiln is built around a 15 foot long, 24 inch diameter tube. This rotating metal tube is heated from the outside with gas burners to temperatures of 400 to 600 degrees Celsius. The tube is in constant motion and this allows the feedstock (wood chips) to be rapidly heated. The extreme heating of such small particles in a low oxygen environment quickly transforms the wood into three potentially high-value products biochar, bio-oil and syngas.

Over the past year, Amaron has conducted four demonstrations of this technology in three states as well as countless days of testing at the Amaron shop in Salt Lake City.
Feedstock being fed into the mobile pyrolysis unit (top); finished product (biochar) following pyrolysis (bottom).

Feedstock Preparation Issues: Many issues stemmed from the way the feedstock was pre-pared for pyrolysis. In short, we learned we must oversee the preparation, or better yet, have the equipment and ability to prepare the feedstock ourselves. It is not practical to just or-der chipped, ground, or shredded feedstock because as it stands now, feedstock preparation has a direct effect on the production capabilities of the pyrolysis machine. Initial testing of the equipment was done with lab-chipped wood; this product was very clean, consistent, and shredded into small, even pieces. This was fine for laboratory testing, but this highly consistent, lab-chip product is not usually possible to obtain in the field.

Feedstock Handling Challenges: To accommodate the realities of using less refined material, Amaron installed a dump valve on the pyrolysis machine which drops the filtered feedstock into the reactor in small, manageable batches. Amaron tested this system with a rough-ground feedstock of pinyon and juniper and discovered that to operate effectively with this material, they need to constantly monitor the feedstock as it entered the ma-chine. This allowed the operator to remove over-sized pieces that could potentially damage the unit.
The angle of repose measures the steepness of an angle when loose pieces start to naturally tumble down a slope. Inside of a rotary pyrolysis kiln, the angle of repose is the critical angle the turning tube is positioned which allows the feedstock to tumble down the slope and be pyrolyzed. Amaron discovered they needed a steeper angle of repose in the machine. To fix this they welded a series of fins inside of the rotating tube (similar to those inside of a clothes dryer), which insured the material would tumble instead of slide inside of the tube.

Quenching: When biochar leaves the reactor, it is in a constant state of glowing combustion. Be-cause of this, biochar may combust when exposed to oxygen. Char was prematurely exposed to oxygen following a couple of the demonstrations and this resulted in a few near-mishaps with smoldering char. Amaron added a char-quenching station to their componentry which insures the char will not combust.

Feedstock Preparation Costs: In some cases the cost of preparing the feedstock was substantially greater than the cost to pyrolyze it. Perhaps the ideal business model would include the ability to chip and grind each feedstock according to the specifications preferred by the machine, and the biochar desired by the customer.

Submitted by:
Forestry Extension Associate
Utah State University
Uniform, Readily Available Approach to Stormwater Practices with NEW Core Curriculum

Motivated by the need for clean water, a collaborative team of stormwater educators, researchers, and professionals from across the country have developed an on-line research based Stormwater Practices and Maintenance Core Curriculum. The goal of the course is to empower practitioners and educators to learn stormwater basics and teach others so that communities can optimize stormwater operations and exceed clean water goals.

Communities across the United States have been trying to minimize the impacts of excessive urban stormwater runoff since the 1980's. Human activity has drastically changed the natural hydrologic cycle by concentrating much of the output into surface water as excessive runoff. The consequences of the excessive runoff have been flash flooding, loss of property and significant water quality degradation. Recently, there has been expanded and rapid growth in the number of publicly available stormwater educational programs for professionals and communities that focus on green infrastructure, best management practices that protect or mimic nature's systems for managing water. However, much of the growth is home based and addresses specific local needs and issues. Because of that, the resources can be inconsistent from state to state, and sometimes even within one state, and are not always readily available. Until now, a publicly available, uniform and comprehensive stormwater core curriculum has been missing. The Stormwater Practices and Maintenance Core Curriculum addresses that need and helps communities adopt sustainable stormwater practices.

Led by the University of Minnesota Extension and funded by the North Central Region Water Network (NCRWN) Seed Grant, the team began their work by conducting a needs assessment and reviewing the   2013 Washington State Low Impact Development needs assessment as well as the Minnesota Extension Stormwater U formative evaluations. They then assessed curricula and resources already available, reviewed their consistency and determine gaps and then developed the research based curriculum and formative evaluation with content experts, instructional and graphic designers and an editor. The course was produced using the Moodle platform and eXtension online campus. Finally, an extensive peer review along with two pilot evaluations were carried out to significantly improve the course. A detailed promotional plan has begun and will be carried out into 2016.
The Stormwater Practices and Maintenance Core Curriculum helps new and early career staff obtain professional development training and will help stormwater professionals optimize their stormwater operations and meet their community clean water goals. The new free introductory online course includes five sections:
1)   Stormwater Introduction/the Foundation Module
2)   BMP planning Modules
3)   BMP Specific Modules (Life Cycle: planning, siting, design, construction, O&M)
4)   BMP Construction Modules
5)   Regulatory Modules
The project has already generated many significant outcomes and impacts including creation of a new and sustainable collaborative extension stormwater "community" in the North Central Region; and increase in skills of area Extension Educators in developing online courses with national and regional exposure; and a better understanding of multi-state stormwater issues and gaps. The stormwater community's goal is to oversee and advice on completing the course development, implementations, promotions, seeking new funding, and program evaluations. Members are becoming advocates for the course by networking within the 12 states and assist in providing professional development in the region. With the Stormwater community underway, future plans include presenting at regional and national conferences, and exploring the possibility of expanding their collaboration to include a broader range of water quality issues.
The Stormwater Core Curriculum was started by the   University of Minnesota Extension .  The team hopes a greater knowledge base will propel us towards cleaner water and make significant economic and environmental impacts.
NCRWN Stormwater Community Project contacts:
Extension Educator - Water Quality
University of Nebraska

Extension Educator
University of Minnesota
Book Your Blue Revolution

In light of growing urban populations and a fundamentally limited water supply, UF/IFAS Extension faculty in Pinellas County hosted two seminars with acclaimed journalist/author Cynthia Barnett, whose books focus on complex water issues in Florida and abroad. The October events used "Blue Revolution" as the basis for educating residents and inspiring further conversation about maintaining common water resources. 
Pinellas County has its own historical "water war" story and may be on the brink of future water challenges brought on by climate change. To ensure that residents could learn about the success of water management strategies locally and internationally, two events were held at north and south county locations. Both events were coordinated with local partners - University of South Florida (USF) St. Petersburg in south county and the Friends of Brooker Creek Preserve in north county. Additionally, the USF event coincided with 50th anniversary celebrations on that campus. 
USF campus (top left), Brooker Creek Preserve (top right), USF Student Life Center (bottom). Credit: Heather Landis
A total of 75 attended the book talk and 59% of attendees surveyed (n=65) had no prior knowledge about UF/IFAS Extension.  On a 5- point scale, attendees reported relatively low prior knowledge (avg = 2.79) with an average gain of 1.5 points after the lecture. Attendees were pleased with both events, reporting 100% satisfaction with over 55% rating the event as excellent. In a qualitative question about their future actions, attendees reported educating others, improved water consciousness, and  increased water conservation practices as top priorities.
Local expert seminars allow participants to expand their knowledge base and promote dialogue about complex issues. Facilitated workshops that focus on prominent issues using home-grown experts advance and garner support for collective action to create community change. Through this timely workshop UF/IFAS Extension supports ongoing work in the county to promote a local watershed approach to water conservation and future water challenges.

Submitted by:
UF/IFAS Extension
Pen nsylvania ANREP Updates
Th e   Pen n sylvani a chapter of the Association of Natural Resou rces Extension Professio nals  ( PA ANREP ) is  ANREPs newes t state chapter.  M embers participated in their first in-person meeting , held in conjunction with th e Pennsylvania JCEP meeting. Of note, Allyson Muth and Jim Finley were recognized  for their national ANREP awards. 

PA ANREP also awarded its inaugural Natural Resource Education Champion Award to Duane Diefenbach of Bellefonte, PA. The purpose of the award is to recognize an individual for their support of and enthusiasm for natural resources extension education at the county, state or regional level in Pennsylvania.

Submitted by:
Water Resources Educator
Penn State Extension
Conferences & Events _____________
Join us for an exciting two-day Summit addressing sustainability and Extension's outreach role. ESS2016 will provide an avenue to transition the ongoing conversations around sustainability outreach into an action plan. You will hear from and engage in conversations with speakers on topics ranging from sustainability youth education to energy independent communities (topics may vary based on final selection of presentations). We'll be meeting and staying in the boutique-style Embassy Suites Downtown located only two blocks from the MAX light rail system. 
The Summit's session are organized around the five themes of sustainability: Climate/Air, Food, Energy, Land, and Water. Following the interactive presentations you'll participate in session roundtable discussions.  
Held for the first time in 2013, this popular event promises optional pre-Summit field trips, two days packed full of interactive presentations, opportunities for networking, field trips to local businesses and universities with sustainable practices, and all that Portlandia has to offer!

A Biennial Event That Focuses on Low Impact Development in the Great Plains Region
The following three tracks will be offered at the conference:
  • Research: Presentations on field, laboratory, and modeling of LID applications addressing current practice, innovative new solutions, current or future initiatives, and other creative concepts.
  • Applied: Includes practical and innovative applications of LID. Completed and proposed designs of LID, including the engineering, architectural, and design aspects. Practical applications along with cost comparisons will be discussed.
  • Policy: Discussion of existing and proposed solutions related to LID regulation, implementation, education, and roadblocks.
Managing Poplar and Willow for Environmental Benefits and the Renewable Fuels Industry
April 11-13, 2016 | Portland, Oregon

This National Working Forum will bring together a wide array of stakeholders to discuss opportunities for poplar and willow in environmental applications and as a feedstock for developing renewable fuel industries. Participants will contribute to the development of key action items and recommendations to establish renewable energy markets from these environmental plantings.
ResourceExchange ________________
The Forest Carbon Xplorer

The Forest Carbon Xplorer was created in 2015 by the University of Minnesota and the US Forest Service. The tool allows users to "surf" forest carbon depending on their region of interest.

What is it? The Forest Carbon Xplorer is a mobile-friendly map application designed for smartphones, tablets, and desktop use. It allows users to discover forest carbon stocks using a number of queries, with the ability to view carbon stocks in a number of ecosystem pools and to see greenhouse gas equivalencies.

Why did we build it? Natural resource managers need to retrieve vast amounts of data in a rapid and efficient manner. With the complexities of measuring forest carbon, managers also need to be able to speak to carbon's monetary value and carbon equivalence, which highlights the importance of forest management in a carbon world. The app provides users with access to forest carbon information in the field and at the desk. 

Contact: Matt Russell, University of Minnesota, Department of Forest Resources (612) 626-4280
Forest Health & Invasive Species Outreach and Education Program

The Forest Health and Invasive Species Outreach and Education Program, created by Dr. David Coyle and his Southern Regional Extension Forestry colleagues in collaboration with the USDA Forest Service, has been created to provide a consistent source of outreach and extension information to forest health professionals in the southeastern U.S.  The program hosts monthly webinars on native and invasive species biology and management, provides materials for landowners and managers, and includes pre-made powerpoint slides + FAQs (and answers!) for resource professionals.  

Contact: Dave Coyle, Extension Associate, Southern Region Extension Forestry
(706) 542-3665
IdeaExchange ____________________
There was no content submitted for this category.  

This want-ad type space is where you can solicit your colleagues for help or their expertise.  Developing a presentation and need some ready-made slides?  Ask here.  Considering a new programming effort and looking for ideas or for expertise from those that have already gone down that path?  Ask here.  
WordEditorA Word From Your Editor__________
It's been a busy start to 2016 and it doesn't seem things will slow down anytime soon.  In addition to the usual things filling my calendar, two things are already making 2016 unique.  First, it's ANREP conference year.  It's our first joint conference with NACDEP, which should be interesting.  I'm looking forward to the opportunities a joint conference will present. Second, here in Wisconsin, Extension is undergoing a major reorganization.  Several rounds of budget cuts have made it clear we can't continue with our current model.  Moving to an area model with a mix of area and county educators is certainly causing angst amongst my colleagues.  We've also heard the phrase "doing less with less" uttered.  For most of us in Extension, that's a tough concept to grasp.  We're used to just creatively piling additional tasks on to our proverbial plates and figuring out how to get it all done without dropping the whole plate. I, for one, will need to start using that "no" word...something I haven't always been very good at (ask my colleagues).  

The next deadline for content submittals is May 1.  With luck, the next newsletter will be out May 15. Submit content at any time.  Try to limit article length to 600 words.  Photos (with captions/credit) are appreciated but please send them separately.  Don't embed them into a document.  As always, please contact me if you have questions.
Chad Cook | ANREP Newsletter Editor | University of Wisconsin - Extension