THE JOURNAL FOR OPERATIONAL MEDICINE AND TACTICAL COMBAT CASUALTY CARE
For 20 years, the Journal of Special Operations Medicine (JSOM) has been the only published venue that brings together military SOF, civilian Tactical EMS, and federal Department of Justice agencies with tactical medical assets. Originally established by the Command Surgeon's Office of the United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM-SG), we have grown into one of the world's most renowned peer-reviewed medical journals, now subscribed to in 80 countries. Be informed. Stay Informed. Subscribe today!
Journal of Special Operations Medicine (JSOM) Newsletter
01 January 2021 - Issue 188
ABSTRACT

Background: We sought to gather data about the effects of personal protective equipment (PPE) use on tourniquet interventions by preliminarily developing a way to simulate delay effects, particularly on time and blood loss. Such knowledge might aid readiness. Field calls to emergency departments may indicate donning of PPE before patient arrival. The purpose of this study was to investigate (1) delay effects of donning the PPE studied on field-tourniquet control of hemorrhage and (2) delay effects of wearing the PPE on application of a field tourniquet and its conversion to a pneumatic tourniquet. 

January 2020 JSOM Feature Article
Life and Limb In-Flight Surgical Intervention: Fifteen Years of Experience by Joint Medical Augmentation Unit Surgical Resuscitation Teams
DuBose JJ, Stinner DJ, Baudek A, Martens D, Donham B, Cuthrell M, Stephens T, Schofield J, Conklin CC, Telian S. 20(4). 47 - 52. (Journal Article)
ABSTRACT

Background: Expedient resuscitation and emergent damage control interventions remain critical tools of modern combat casualty care. Although fortunately rare, the requirement for life and limb salvaging surgical intervention prior to arrival at traditional deployed medical treatment facilities may be required for the care of select casualties. The optimal employment of a surgical resuscitation team (SRT) may afford life and limb salvage in these unique situations. Methods: Fifteen years of after-action reports (AARs) from a highly specialized SRTs were reviewed. Patient demographics, specific details of encounter, team role, advanced emergent life and limb interventions, and outcomes were analyzed. Results: Data from 317 casualties (312 human, five canines) over 15 years were reviewed. Among human casualties, 20 had no signs of life at intercept, with only one (5%) surviving to reach a Military Treatment Facility (MTF). Among the 292 casualties with signs of life at intercept, SRTs were employed in a variety of roles, including MTF augmentation (48.6%), as a transport capability from other aeromedical platforms, critical care transport (CCT) between MTFs (27.7%), or as an in-flight damage control capability directly to point of injury (POI) (18.2%). In the context of these roles, the SRT performed in-flight life and limb preserving surgery for nine patients. Procedures performed included resuscitative thoracotomy (7/9; 77.8%), damage control laparotomy (1/9; 11.1%) and extremity fasciotomy for acute lower extremity compartment syndrome (1/11; 11%). Survival following in-flight resuscitative thoracotomy was 33% (1/3) when signs of life (SOL) were absent at intercept and 75% (3/4) among patients who lost SOL during transport. Conclusion: In-flight surgery by a specifically trained and experienced SRT can salvage life and limb for casualties of major combat injury. Additional research is required to determine optimal SRT utilization in present and future conflicts.

Keywords: in-flight; surgical resuscitation team; casualty; limb salvage; military treatment facility; trauma

The Journal of Special Operations Medicine Podcast
The JSOM podcast digs deeper into the articles and subjects that matter to our readers. Our podcast hosts, Captains Alex Merkle and Josh Randles, tackle articles from the journal based on merit, interest, and application for operators in the field. In addition, the podcast features a special, not to be missed Interview Series with leaders, doctors, and authors.
Podcast News and Updates
Fall 2020

In this episode of the JSOM Podcast, Alex and Josh discuss the articles "Ketamine Administration by Special Operations Medical Personnel During Training Mishaps". Guest Rico Pesce breaks down the article, "Far Forward Gaps in Hemorrhagic Shock and Prolonged Field Care: An Update of ALM Fluid Therapy for Field Use."
Alex and Josh also discuss, "Management of Critically Injured Burn Patients During an Open Ocean Parachute Rescue Mission."

Fisher AD, Schwartz DS, Petersen CD, Meyer SE, Thielemann JN, Redman TT, Rush SC

Staak BP, DeSoucy ES, Petersen CD, Smith J, Hartman M, Rush SC
Guest: Rico Pesce

Dobson GP, Letson HL

Highlights From the 20th Anniversary JSOM Interview Series:
MAJ Andrew Fisher, MS-4, PA-C, LP for a great review of pre-hospital whole blood in the military; where we are now and how we got there. He reminds us that, "everything old is new again." The first whole blood transfusion research was done by the military in 1940 (Armed Forces Blood Program) and was used extensively in WWII and the Korean War. But times change and lessons learned are lost to the sands of time as one generation of peacetime military surgeons hands off the reigns to the next. Listen here.

World-renowned tourniquet expert Dr. John Kragh. In this interview, Dr. Kragh takes us through his history in becoming a tourniquet expert as well as detailing the evolution of tourniquet use in combat situations as a battalion surgeon in Southwest Asia. Tourniquet use has evolved considerably even during the 20-years since the JSOM has been in publication. Be sure to read Dr. Kragh's contributions to this quarter's journal as a companion to this interview. Listen here.

CMSgt Michael Rubio, currently the commandant of the 351st Special Warfare Training Squadron of the PJ schoolhouse at Kirkland AFB. It's a great opportunity to hear from the best about how PJ training has changed during the past 20 years, and get a glimpse of where it is heading in the future. You can listen here. Look for another episode later this month.
Resuscitation Summit
A Focus on Ventilation

Available on-demand
Resuscitation Summit Topics:

Ventilation Primer: The Good, The Bad and The Ugly In this 32-minute video, Anja Metzger, PhD, discusses the physiology of ventilation, the science of gasping, the dangers of hyper/hypoventilation and the latest (2020) AHA recommendations regarding ventilation.

Redefining Ventilation in EMS In this 20-minute video, James Hempstead, Battalion Chief EMS/Training for Richland Fire & EMS, shares why his organization transitioned to vents and how it relates to their overall EMS system improvement philosophy.
JSOM Podcast
Wilderness Medical Society
In an effort to broaden and strengthen our ties with the Wilderness Medical Society and all who work in the wilderness medicine community, our webmaster and podcast hosts will be partnering with the organization to share more information and crossover content between our podcast platforms.

The mission of the Wilderness Medical Society is to encourage, foster, support, or conduct activities to improve the scientific knowledge of the membership and general public in human health activities in a wilderness environment.

The Journal of Special Operations Medicine has long partnered with the WMS in a shared science program as we understand the importance of sharing information with all who work in various forms of unconventional medicine.
Institutional Subscribers And Re-subscribers
The JSOM is incredibly grateful to have the support of many institutions around the world. We would like to thank our recent institutional subscribers and re-subscribers for their support by acknowledging them in our eNewsletter and, when applicable, sharing their social media information. We currently have 56 active institutional subscriptions, reaching a potential 59,000+ readers!

This edition, we welcome back 4 institutions

DAPING Hospital Research Center, Birmingham Alabama
Armed Forces (Bundeswehr) CALW, Germany
Haufe GmbH, Germany
The Defence Medical Library - Burnett Library, Lichfield, Staffs, United Kingdom


Visit https://jsom.us/Library for a full list of institutions that are currently subscribing to the JSOM. We are beginning a campaign to expand our institutional subscriptions. If you think your company would benefit from an institutional subscription, let us know! We'll be happy to talk to you and get the ball rolling. You don't have to be a university or medical center to subscribe - we have many EMS units, government agencies, and military medical units both in the United States and abroad.

Are you on the list? Great! Need to know how to access our resources? You can either contact your head librarian, or shoot an email to subscriptions@JSOMonline.org.

Institutions receive either a print copy of our journal, digital access, or both. Digital subscribers have unlimited access to our full compendium of articles, journals, and the ATP-P. If you are a student, researcher, doctor, or other medical professional at one of these institutions, please contact your librarian for login details. Additionally, the digital resources are typically available 2-3 weeks ahead of print publication.

If your institution is not on the list and you would like more information about our institutional access, contact our subscriptions manager, Dr. Scott Graverson.
Photo of the Week

EL PASO, TX, UNITED STATES
Photo by SSGT Timothy Gray 

SGT Sharna Jonson, center, a medical observer coach/ trainer assigned to 2-340th Training Support Battalion, 5th Armored Brigade, First Army Division West watches students of the Tactical Combat Casualty Care course prepare a training casualty for movement during validation at McGregor Range Complex, N.M. 5th Armored Brigade provides tough, realistic training based on the most up to date tactics, techniques and procedures for National Guard and Reserve units before they deploy.


Do You Have a Photo to Share?  
Please send us your approved medical action images for future covers, our journal Photo Gallery, 
bi-weekly eNewsletters, and JSOM social media! All images must include captions in the emails in which they are sent. Images for print must be high resolution, at least 300 dpi. Images for the eNewsletter and social media must be at least 400px wide, 72 dpi.  


Breakaway Media, LLC, is  woman service-disabled veteran-owned small business (WOSB and SDVOSB) registered with the Central Contracting Office of the Department of Defense

DUNS #070397122 / Cage #6F0Z6
Primary SIC Code - 2721
 
Journal of Special Operations Medicine 

This disclaimer pertains to any publication (aka, "publications") written or electronic set forth by Breakaway Media, LLC (BAM) and includes, but is not limited to: The Journal of Special Operations Medicine (JSOM), social media posts to Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, LinkedIn, the JSOM eNewsletter, the JSOM website, and any promotional materials published by BAM. The views and opinions expressed in these publications are those of the authors, contributors, and sponsors of the JSOM and BAM, and do not necessarily reflect those of the JSOM, the JSOM Editorial Board ("the editorial board"), BAM, or its affiliates. Neither the JSOM, the editorial board, BAM, nor its affiliates hold themselves responsible for statements or products discussed in any BAM publications. Unless so stated, material in BAM publications does not reflect endorsement, official attitude, or position of the JSOM, the editorial board, BAM, or affiliates. Products advertised have not been tested by the JSOM, the editorial board, BAM, or its affiliates, and, as such, cannot be held liable for any injury or death caused by the use or misuse of the products contained herein. Neither BAM, the editorial board, nor its affiliates, make any warranty, representation, endorsement, or guarantee of products advertised, discussed, tweeted, retweeted, or shared any publication, to include the assumption of any liability whatsoever arising out of the application, use, or misuse of any product. As a medical publication, we are committed to sharing new technology and products we feel may be of interest to our readers, and encourage all readers and users of said products to use with caution and under proper authorization and professional guidance.

Tagging the JSOM on Instagram / Disclaimer
We assume by tagging us on Instagram, you are authorized to disseminate the photograph you are sharing with us. If you are a photographer whose image has been used or shared without authorization, please notify us immediately so we may give you proper credit.