A Word From Our Publisher

Greetings JSOM Newsletter Subscribers,

By now, most of our subscribers have started receiving the Fall 2022 edition of the JSOM. Please reach out to us on social media and give us your thoughts. We would like to hear from you. Our private discussion group on LinkedIn is a perfect place to share articles of interest and exchange ideas and information with over 4000 members interested in unconventional medicine. You can join us on LinkedIn by searching Journal of Special Operations Medicine in the groups section of the platform.

Handbook News

We temporarily pulled the Advanced Tactical Paramedic Protocols Handbook (ATP-P) 11th Edition from our Online Store. We are in the process of making some additional changes to the TCCC, Prolonged Casualty Care, and Canine TCCC guidelines. We hope to have the new handbook updated and back on our platform very soon. Thank you for your patience.

Michelle DuGuay Landers, MBA, BSN, RN
Breakaway Media, LLC
Journal of Special Operations Medicine (JSOM)
Lt Col, USAF/NC (Ret)
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Journal of Special Operations Medicine Featured Abstracts

Development and Evolution of a Comprehensive Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Inpatient Rehabilitation Program: A Nursing Perspective

Modi SSGoff DGuess DMeigs KHoskin ADoncevic SPerla LPejoro SSallah C. 22(3). 15 - 18. (Journal Article)


The James A. Haley Veterans' Hospital in Tampa, Florida has developed an innovative approach to the unique rehabilitation needs of active duty Special Operations Forces (SOF) and veterans with chronic conditions related to their military service. Tampa's program, the Post-Deployment Rehabilitation and Evaluation Program (PREP), was established in 2008. The interdisciplinary team includes one nurse practitioner and eight staff registered nurses. The Veterans Health Administration (VHA) is using Tampa's established and successful PREP as a model to actively expand the program to other Veterans Administration (VA) Polytrauma Rehabilitation Centers over the next several years. There are several important nursing and rehabilitation team considerations for the successful development of these mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) inpatient rehabilitation programs.

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Ultrasonography Performed by Military Nurses in Combat Operations: A Perspective for the Future?

Balasoupramanien KComat GRenard AMeusnier JMontigon CPitel ABascou MDubourg RCazes N. 22(3). 65 - 69. (Journal Article)


Introduction: In current French military operations, it is not uncommon for military nurses (MNs) alone to be required to support soldiers in isolated areas. At a time when advanced practice nurses in the civilian sector develop extended skills, we asked MNs about their willingness to be trained in pointof- care ultrasound (POCUS). Methods: We conducted a webbased survey from 1 November 2018 to 1 December 2018, including all MNs deployed in Operation Barkhane. The questionnaire, sent by e-mail, aimed to describe the willingness of MNs to be trained in POCUS. Their opinion on the usefulness of this training, the situations, and ultrasound (US) targets that seemed most useful to them were also studied. Results: Thirty of 34 questionnaires were completed. On average, MNs had 7.4 years of practice and had been deployed three times for military operations. Five MNs reported having had informal training in clinical US by the military physicians (MPs) they work with and had performed POCUS in real-life situations; 24 (96%) of the untrained MNs wanted to be trained. Twenty- nine (96%) of the MNs felt that there was added value in knowing how to perform POCUS, especially in operations and in isolated posts without an MP. Focused assessment with sonography for trauma and pleural and renal US were the targets considered most useful to them, in that order. Conclusion: MNs are interested in learning POCUS and say it would be beneficial for the patient. Available scientific data tend to validate their ability after a brief training course to perform reliable, targeted US examinations in the field.

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October 2022 Featured Article

Operation Blood Rain Phase 2: Evaluating the Effect of Airdrop on Fresh and Stored Whole Blood

Fuentes RW, Shawler EK, Smith WD, Tong RL, Barnes WJ, Moncada M, Bohlke CW, Mitchell AL. 22(3). 9 - 14. (Journal Article)


Background: Transfusion of whole blood (WB) is a lifesaving treatment that prolongs life until definitive surgical intervention can be performed; however, collecting WB is a time-consuming and resource-intensive process. Furthermore, it may be difficult to collect sufficient WB at the point of injury to treat critically wounded patients or multiple hemorrhaging casualties. This study is a follow-up to the proof-of-concept study on the effect of airdrop on WB. In addition, this study confirms the statistical significance for the plausibility of using airdrop to deliver WB to combat medics treating casualties in the pre-hospital setting when Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved cold-stored blood products are not available. Methods: Forty-eight units of WB were collected and loaded into a blood cooler that was dropped from a fixed-wing aircraft under a Standard Airdrop Training Bundle (SATB) parachute or 68-in pilot chute. Twenty-four of these units were dropped from a C-145 aircraft, and 24 were dropped from a

C-130 aircraft. A control group of 15 units of WB was stored in a blood cooler that was not dropped. Baseline and post-intervention laboratory tests were measured in both airdropped and control units, including complete blood count; prothrombin time/partial thromboplastin time (PT/PTT); pH, lactate, potassium, bilirubin, glucose, fibrinogen, and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels; and peripheral blood smears. Results: The blood cooler, cooling packs, and all 48 WB units did not sustain any major damage from the airdrop. There was no evidence of hemolysis. Except for the one slightly damaged bag that was not sampled, all airdropped blood met parameters for transfusion per the Joint Trauma System Whole Blood Transfusion Clinical Practice Guideline and the Association for the Advancement of Blood and Biotherapies (AABB) Circular of Information for the Use of Human Blood and Blood Components. Conclusions: Airdrop of fresh or stored WB in a blood cooler with a chute is a viable way of delivering blood products to combat medics treating hemorrhaging patients in the pre-hospital setting. This study also demonstrated the portability of this technique for multiple aircraft. The techniques evaluated in this study have the potential for utilization in other austere settings such as wilderness medicine or humanitarian disasters where an acute need for WB delivery by airdrop is the only option.

Keywords: whole blood transfusion; airdrop; airdrop blood; aerial resupply; Tactical Combat Casualty Care

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The Journal of Special Operations Medicine Podcast

The JSOM podcast digs deeper into the articles and subjects that matter to our readers. Our podcast hosts, Captains Alex Merkle and Josh Randles, tackle articles from the journal based on merit, interest, and application for operators in the field.

Current Episode

The Summer 2022 podcast features articles written primarily by medics and non-physicians. This entire edition of the journal is focused on the Critical Care aspect of SOF Medicine, so we wanted to invite the tip of the spear medics to talk about their research on this episode. The first article is, "Analgesia and Sedation in the Prehospital Setting: A Critical Care Viewpoint" by Taylor DeRosiersm et. al. "Mechanical Ventilation: A Review for Special Operations Medical Personnel" by Jonathan Friedman and Seth Assar follows. We finish up with, "Airway Management With Noninvasive Positive Pressure Ventilation" by Papalski, Siedler, and Callaway.

Listen on our Website
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Please Support Our Sponsors and Media Partners

The Journal of Special Operations Medicine is proud to have the support of many great sponsors and media partners. Our sponsors are leaders in the field of military medical technology. Please help support these companies by following the links below to learn more about their missions and the products they offer. This section also features peridoic promtional information for events and conferences, including the 2023 SOMA Scientific Assembly. 

Combat Medical Care Conference

The Combat Medical Care Conference and the 1st Special Operation Forces Medical Headquarter / French Military Medical Service are partnering for an international medical conference in Paris. The Paris Special Operation Forces Combat Medical Care Conference will be an international symposium dedicated to physicians and paramedics involved in Special Forces Operational Medicine.

All personnel involved in special operations medical support are invited to join this great event: military physicians, anesthesiologists, emergency physicians, nurses, specialized nurses, paramedics, trauma surgeons, specialized surgeons. Due to confidential aspects this conference is only for military personal. Limited to approximately 250 people. For more information, click on the link below and visit the website.

More Information
Institutional Subscribers

The JSOM is incredibly grateful to have the support of many institutions around the world. We would like to thank our recent institutional subscribers and re-subscribers for their support by acknowledging them in our eNewsletter and, when applicable, sharing their social media information.

In this edition, we welcome back several renewed subscriptions!

Plano Fire Rescue, Plano Texas

DPS SWAT - Texas Ranger Division, Austin Texas

Swedish TCCC Faculty, Linkoping, Sweden

Service Sante des Armees, Paris, France

Visit https://jsom.us/Library for a full list of institutions currently subscribing to the JSOM. We are beginning a campaign to expand our institutional subscriptions. If you think your company would benefit from an institutional subscription, let us know! We'll be happy to talk to you and get the ball rolling. You don't have to be a university or medical center to subscribe - we have many EMS units, government agencies, and military medical units in the United States and abroad.

Are you on the list? Great! Need to know how to access our resources? You can either contact your head librarian or shoot an email to subscriptions@JSOMonline.org.

Institutions receive a print copy of our journal, digital access, or both. Digital subscribers have unlimited access to our full compendium of articles, journals, and the ATP-P. If you are a student, researcher, doctor, or other medical professionals at one of these institutions, please contact your librarian for login details. Additionally, the digital resources are typically available 2-3 weeks ahead of print publication.

If your institution is not on the list and you want more information about our institutional access, contact our subscriptions manager, Dr. Scott Graverson.

Contact Dr. Graverson
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As part of the training orientation process, military working dogs are led by their handlers to the flight line where they practice boarding and dismounting the helicopter.

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