community newsletter from  the  Comprehensive Children's Injury Center at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center
SUMMER 2018
Timely Topics

Pool and Water Safety

When hot, summer weather arrives, swimming is one of the top activities for children. Although this is a perfect way to keep their body temperatures down in the summer heat, there are some unsafe events that can happen at the swimming pool. For instance, drowning is the leading cause of injury-related death among children between the ages of 1 and 4. In addition, if not properly protected, your child is at risk for sun burns.

Before heading out to the pool this summer, review these quick tips to make sure you and your little ones have a safe and fun day at he pool. 
  • First, make sure you have put sunscreen on all children 15 minutes prior to any outdoor activity. Even on a cloudy day, the sun's rays can still cause sunburn, so be sure to put sunscreen on every time you head outside.
  • Actively supervise children in and around open bodies of water, giving them your undivided attention.
  • Educate your children about the dangers of getting trapped or tangled up in a pool's drain. Furthermore, teach them to never play or swim near drains or suction outlets.
  • Whether kids are swimming in a backyard pool or in a lake, teach children to swim with an adult. Older, more experienced swimmers should still swim with a partner every time. 
  • When there are several adults present and children are swimming, use the "Water Watcher" strategy, which designates an adult as the "Water Watcher" for a certain amount of time to prevent lapses in supervision.
  • Finally, if you have the opportunity, learning CPR can help in an emergency situation until the medical professionals arrive on the scene.
Lawnmower Safety

For many of us, cutting the grass was a summer chore assigned by our parents once we were deemed old enough . However, how many of our parents really understood the dangers a lawnmower really presented? Did our parents provide us with enough safety education in regards to handling a lawnmower? Did anyone ever incur a lawnmower-related injury - either ourselves, or someone we knew?  The real answer is probably not.
 
What many Americans do not realize is that according to the United States Consumer Product Safety Commission, there were more than 255,000 injuries in 2010 due to lawnmowers. Nearly 17,000 of these were children under the age of 19, and boys comprised 80% of those injuries. These injuries range from minor cuts to burns to limb amputations.
 
Both the American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons recommend that children should not operate a lawnmower until they reach the age of twelve. At 12, children should be educated on how to use a push mower or hand held mower. When they reach 16, they can be advanced to a riding mower as long as they are properly educated on all the safety aspects. Not only should age be a factor, but the maturity level of the individual child should be considered as well.
 
Many manufacturers have lawnmower safety instructions available on their websites. Furthermore, several lawnmowers come with printed information at the time of purchase. Children and adults should always be aware of all safety features of the particular lawnmower they are using. Key safety tips to keep in mind when mowing your lawn are as follows:
  • Walk the yard prior to mowing to remove rocks, twigs, toys and other objects
  • Children should never be passengers on riding mowers
  • Riding mowers should have the reverse switch behind the driver, forcing the driver to look behind when placing the machine in reverse
  • Always wear eye and hearing protection
  • Use extra caution when mowing a slope
    • When a walk-behind mower is used, mow across the face of slopes, not up and down, to avoid slipping under the mower and into the blades.
    • With a riding mower, mow up and down slopes, not across, to avoid tipping over.
Partner Spotlight
4C for Children
4C for Children is focused on leveling the playing field for children in the community, so that every child receives the care and education they need to be successful in school and life. 

The CCIC partners with 4C's to provide home safety outreach to parents, caregivers and staff to further the 4C's mission of providing the highest quality training and coaching for those who care for and work with young children in early care and education programs. 

The CCIC looks forward to growing its partnership with 4C's during their "Play and Learn" sessions - where parents are provided opportunities for their children, ages birth to age 5, to learn and explore through play and the agencies provider trainings.   

For more information about the organization, visit their website.  
Promote Our Message
Safety Fair to Go from the CCIC
In an effort to address the communities' high demand for injury education, the Comprehensive Children's Injury Center has developed the Safety Fair to Go program. These portable boxes contain a variety of injury topics and include step-by-step curricula, educational materials, and props. Individuals can borrow the boxes free of charge for use in their community, school, or church; the CCIC will provide training on using the boxes when you come to pick them up. For more information or to borrow a box, please complete this  online request form.

Topics include:
  • Car/booster seat safety
  • Concussion safety
  • Fire safety
  • Home safety
  • Playground safety
  • Poison safety
  • Wheeled/helmet safety
Upcoming Events
Mark Your Calendar
National Night Out

Tuesday, August 7th

National Night Out is an event with police officers all over the city to recognize the importance of safety. 

Check your local listings for event information nearest you!
Home Safety Day

Saturday, August 25th

The next Home
Safety Day will be here before we know it! 

Volunteer  for this  event, or register your home for a safety visit!
Baby & Beyond Expo

September 15th & 16th

Staff from the CCIC will be on site at the 4th Annual Baby and Beyond Expo at the Sharonville Convention Center.  Have your car seats checked by certified child passenger safety technicians from 11-3 pm each day!
Expert Advice
Importance of Booster Seats
Ask An Expert
Emily Lee, CPST-I
Injury Prevention Specialist

Many caregivers are aware of the importance of using a car seat for babies and small children, however as children get older, they may become "the least protected passengers" in the vehicle. This is because of the overwhelming number of older children not properly restrained in a booster seat. Data shows that as a child gets older, the use of car seats and booster seats decreases. This is due to a number of factors, including limited resources, lack of knowledge about the various stages of car seats and booster seats and possibly misinformation about the importance of using booster seats.

Booster seats may be the cheapest and simplest child restraint to use, however booster seats have a very important role in reducing the injury risk to children in the vehicle. Essentially a booster seat's job is to lift a child up off of the vehicle seat and helps to ensure the vehicle seat belt is positioned properly with the shoulder belt across the center of child's chest and the lap portion of the seat belt lying low across their hips.

So, who needs to be using a booster seat and for how long? Check out this  link to read a recent blog post about booster seats and find out what your state's booster seat law is. However, keep in mind that it is important to consider each child and their age, weight, height and developmental level when determining when to move a child from one stage of car seat to another. Just because a child is at the appropriate age/weight for a booster seat does not mean they are ready to use one. For example, if your child now likes to unbuckle themselves when using a booster seat, it may be best to move them back into their previous seat, instead. Also, it's never a bad idea to keep your child in their car seat with a 5-point harness up to the upper height and/or weight limits of their seat.

For car seat or booster seat questions, please reach out to us at carseats@cchmc.org or call us at 513-803-RIDE.


www.cincinnatichildrens.org/ccic  · 513-636-7865, "Option 1"