This e-mail is being sent as part of a temporary series of messages to deliver Zika-related information during peak mosquito season in Indian Country. 
September 22, 2017
Zika Myth of the Week
Myth: If I am not pregnant or planning to become pregnant, I do not need to worry about Zika.

This is a myth and is not correct!

Truth: Zika prevention is the important for
the entire community. 

Just one infected individual may be able to spread Zika virus to others in the community, including those most vulnerable people - pregnant women. Byran's story, below, shows some reasons that it is important for ALL members of a community to have information about Zika virus. 

Story of Bryan's Community
Bryan is leading a Zika communication campaign for his Tribe, near the border of Mexico.  Bryan understands the seriousness of Zika-related birth defects when a mother is infected during  her pregnancy. Bryan decides to focus on educating pregnant women.

Unfortunately, Zika begins spreading in his community and Bryan's campaign does not seem to be helping very much. 

Families without pregnant women generally do not know very much about Zika virus and do not take preventive measures. They do not dump standing water or control mosquitoes around their homes, and these mosquitoes can bite women walking nearby or fly to other neighbors. Most pregnant women try to take preventive measures, but there is little effect on the local mosquito population because so few people are taking action.

Some members of the community may be exposed to Zika virus and spread it to others via sexual activity or mosquito bites. Bryan's community is located in the area where
Aedes mosquitoes - the type that can spread Zika virus - live. This means that community members infected by Zika - even due to travel or via sexual activity - can help spread Zika locally. A mosquito who bites a person infected with Zika virus can spread Zika to other community members. 

As in the United States overall, about half of all pregnancies are unplanned. Many women in the community risk being exposed to Zika before they even know they are pregnant. 

Some men in the community feel that they do not play a role in preventing Zika because they cannot get pregnant. Even some pregnant women report that their male partners do not understand Zika virus or why it is important for men to take preventive measures. 

Bryan is correct that birth defects are typically the most serious consequence of Zika virus. Targeting pregnant women is a wise idea. 

However, due to the seriousness of Zika-related birth defects and the ways that Zika can be spread, Zika prevention must be EVERYONE's job, for reasons shown in this example. 
Zika 101

Learn the TOP FIVE things everyone should know about Zika  HERE
NIHB Resources
Learn more about Tribal Zika Response and Planning at the NIHB Zika Hub

Did you know NIHB can offer technical assistance related to Zika planning? If you are looking for additional resources or need assistance, please EMAIL NIHB

NIHB main website can be accessed HERE

Have questions? Need assistance? Click here to email NIHB staff 

In This Newsletter

Zika 101

Zika Myth of the Week
-I'm not pregnant and not planning to get pregnant. Do I need to care about Zika virus? (sidebar)

Zika Information
-Zika Resources - CDC links and an opportunity to submit your questions to NIHB

-Zika Prevention Information
Important Information About Zika Newsletters
Important Information About Zika Newsletters
Thank you for signing up for Zika newsletters. Zika newsletters were intended to provide Zika information throughout peak mosquito season (summer).  This newsletter will be the last weekly Zika newsletter this year. Thank you for your interest in Zika virus and in the Zika project at the National Indian Health Board (NIHB). 

However, NIHB has some additional Zika resources, brochures, posters, and webinars in development. NIHB will continue to send out Zika newsletters as this develops. Moving forward, Zika newsletters will typically be sent monthly. Please  EMAIL NIHB if you have ideas or feedback.
Zika Information
Zika Resources

Are there Zika topics you would like more information about? Zika topics we haven't addressed yet? We encourage you to email NIHB and you may see your idea in an upcoming newsletter, webinar, or resources. You can also ask Zika questions anonymously and you may see your question posted and answered online. 
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have also compiled a list of CDC Zika resources. 

The  Material Resource Guide is designed for community health workers but may be helpful for any person interested in learning more about Zika. It also contains information beneficial for any Tribal community developing a Zika Action Plan or providing educational outreach. 

This guide includes links to CDC videos, podcasts, door hangers, informational guides, flipbooks, infographics, fact sheets, posters, wallet cards, and general information about a variety of Zika-related topics. Topics include Zika 101 information, mosquito control and bite prevention, pregnant women, travelers, families, Zika testing, and clinician resources. 

View the resource guide HERE
Zika Prevention Information 
Since this is the last weekly newsletter for this summer, here are some reminders of how to prevent Zika. 

Image from CDC

To learn more about Zika prevention, click HERE or view the fact sheet HERE
Zika News
CDC Publishes Updated Maps Showing Estimated Mosquito Ranges
This week, CDC published updated maps estimating the range of the  Aedes aegypti and  Aedes albopictus mosquitoes which may spread Zika virus.  Aedes aegypti is the main mosquito responsible for Zika transmission because they live closely to people and prefer to feed on human blood.  Aedes albopictus may also spread Zika but is less of a concern.

The maps below show updated estimates. These estimated ranges were determined through a predictive model using county-level records, historical records, and suitable climate variables to predict the likelihood that each type of mosquito could survive and reproduce if introduced at the time of year when mosquitoes are locally active. These maps are estimates. They also do not show the number of mosquitoes in these areas or the likelihood that mosquitoes in an area are currently infected with Zika virus. 

Map showing estimated range of  Aedes aegypti mosquitoes.
Image from CDC

Map showing estimated range of Aedes aegypti  mosquitoes.
Image from CDC

To read more about the CDC information and updates, click HERE

To learn more about preventing mosquito bites, click HERE
 Webinars, Trainings, Events
Share your ideas: if there are other Zika-related topics you would like to learn more about in the future, please email NIHB  HERE
Is there something you would like to learn more about? NIHB may use ideas for upcoming webinars or newsletters. NIHB can also provide technical assistance related to Zika planning. Email NIHB HERE