(shiur and delicious dinner was proudly sponsored by
Steven Sieratzki, Esq.)
1. Can one make a bracha over the Havdalah candle if the electric lights are on in the house? Is potential “recognition” sufficient?
a. Yes. Some people shut the lights so as to directly benefit from the candle. This isn’t absolutely necessary; as long as you are close enough to benefit had the lights been closed, it is sufficient.
2. How close must one be to the ner Havdalah to be yotzeh? If one finds himself at a distance, what to do?
a. Close enough to benefit from the light and distinguish between two coins in hand. If too far, have in mind not to be yotzeh from the mavdil and make the blessing later on the ner.
3. What is
“ner sheshovas m’mlechas aveirah?”
Is this necessary to be yotzeh?
a. This means that the fire wasn’t lit on shabbos against halacha. It
required to fulfill the mitzvah.
4. If one discovers the ner wasn’t
shovas m’mleches aveirah
, what to do?
a. One must repeat the bracha on a
ner sh’shovas m’mlechas aveirah
as well as remake the bircas hagefen.
explains that the first “false” bracha (on the ner) serves as an interruption for the ner to be
over the cup of wine, as required.
5. What if a timer set off a ner on shabbos? What if a flame was lit for a sick person? May one use them for Havdalah?
a. One can use both neiros. The timer wasn’t
, by the hand of man, and a fire lit for a sick person (if he/she qualifies to violate shabbos) is not an aveirah.
6. If a Jew set off a flame through
, indirect cause, may the flame be used for Havdalah?
a. Yes. Again, this isn’t
and still acceptable.
7. What if non-Jew ignited a flame on shabbos for his own pleasure, may it be used? How is this different than the timer shailah above?
a. No. The Rabbis considered this
to a Jew lighting a fire on shabbos and forbade it. The timer, on the other hand, wasn’t
and that is a key negative.
8. Can you make Havdalah motzei Yom Kippur from a ner generated by a match? What is
a. Yes, as this mimics the fire “discovered” by Adam on motzei shabbos.
is a fire that was ignited before yom kippur and stayed lit the entire holiday. We use this ner to signify we were prohibited to use any fire on this holiest of days.
9. May one use a flame from a furnace? How about the neiros in a shul? A yahrtzeit candle?
a. No. The ner havdalah must be initially lit/intended for illumination purposes only. A furnace was ignited to provide heat, not light. A yahrtzeit candle is intended to give honor to the deceased and therefore not acceptable.
10. Would a blind person recite the bracha on the ner Havdalah? Can he be motzei others?
a. No, they cannot as one must directly benefit from the ner. He cannot be motzei others with the bracha, according to many opinions.
11. How does the blind person and ner Havdalah differ from kiddush levana, where a blind person would recite the bracha?
a. Although a blind person cannot see the moon, kiddush levana is recited over the
monthly renewal of the world
, of which he is part of and derives direct benefit.