eShabbos
Parshas Terumah
February 8-9, 2019
Shalom and hello everyone!

STATE OF THE UNION
On Tuesday night the nation heard the State of the Union from President Donald Trump.

What is the State of OUR Union?

I am delighted to report that great things are happening at Ohav Sholom! Our new Board of Directors and Executive Board are hard at work tweaking the many moving parts of our busy building and operations and planning new, bold ideas for our dynamic shul.
New initiatives, programming, events and more are in focus along with a new February Membership Drive that will accelerate a momentum to increase membership roles early on in the fiscal year.

Additionally, I am proud to announce that an outstanding new President for Ohav Sholom has been selected who will lead us into a bright future! We will reveal his identity in two weeks - and as punishment, will be forced to sponsor an elaborate celebratory kiddush for the entire kehillah.

Stay tuned for great things!
WE FINISHED MB CHELEK BAIS
I am proud to announce that Ohav Sholom has completed the second volume of the mishna berura, written by the venerable Chofetz Chaim (Rabbi Israel Meir Kagen, 1839 - 1933).

We study the definitive halachic work daily after shacharis and between mincha and maariv. We are on our FOURTH cycle, an incredible accomplishment - which we should all be proud. We last finished the entire MB (third cycle) on April 20, 2017.

It isn’t too late to join us RIGHT NOW by attending daily minyan and starting to learn Hilchos Shabbos , in the third volume of the mishna berura, together with me!
GUEST DARSHAN THIS SHABBOS
Ohav Sholom welcomes our first “tryout” for Intern Rabbi for Summer 2019!

Join us as we welcome Rabbi Shmuli Zema this shabbos for inspiring words of Torah. Shmuli will deliver a dvar Halacha Friday night and the Shabbos morning drasha.

Shmuli served as the Assistant Rabbi and Baal Korei for The Hampton Synagogue for 4 years. He received his rabbinical ordination from RIETS, Yeshiva University, while studying at the Zicklin School of Business for his MBA. He currently works as Executive Director for Jerusalem College of Technology, while living in the Upper West Side with his wife.

Come, listen and support this accomplished scholar!
KIDDUSH SPONSOR
This week’s super gala hot kiddush is being generously sponsored by our own chazzan Heshy Broyde, in commemoration of the yahrtzeit of his late dear father, Rafael Yehuda ben Yitzchak Yosef, z”l.

Heshy’s father was a special yid and big talmid chochom. May his neshama enjoy an aliyah in gan eden! Amen.
ANSWERS TO THIS WEEK’S TUESDAY NIGHT HALACHA SHIUR
(shiur and delicious dinner was proudly sponsored by Steven Sieratzki, Esq.)

1. Can one make a bracha over the Havdalah candle if the electric lights are on in the house? Is potential “recognition” sufficient?
a. Yes. Some people shut the lights so as to directly benefit from the candle. This isn’t absolutely necessary; as long as you are close enough to benefit had the lights been closed, it is sufficient.

2. How close must one be to the ner Havdalah to be yotzeh? If one finds himself at a distance, what to do?
a. Close enough to benefit from the light and distinguish between two coins in hand. If too far, have in mind not to be yotzeh from the mavdil and make the blessing later on the ner.

3. What is “ner sheshovas m’mlechas aveirah?” Is this necessary to be yotzeh?
a. This means that the fire wasn’t lit on shabbos against halacha. It is required to fulfill the mitzvah.

4. If one discovers the ner wasn’t shovas m’mleches aveirah , what to do?
a. One must repeat the bracha on a ner sh’shovas m’mlechas aveirah as well as remake the bircas hagefen. Biur Halacha explains that the first “false” bracha (on the ner) serves as an interruption for the ner to be “al h’kos,” over the cup of wine, as required. 

5. What if a timer set off a ner on shabbos? What if a flame was lit for a sick person? May one use them for Havdalah?
a. One can use both neiros. The timer wasn’t b’yad adam , by the hand of man, and a fire lit for a sick person (if he/she qualifies to violate shabbos) is not an aveirah.

6. If a Jew set off a flame through grama , indirect cause, may the flame be used for Havdalah?
a. Yes. Again, this isn’t yad adam and still acceptable.

7. What if non-Jew ignited a flame on shabbos for his own pleasure, may it be used? How is this different than the timer shailah above?
a. No. The Rabbis considered this similar to a Jew lighting a fire on shabbos and forbade it. The timer, on the other hand, wasn’t b’yad Adam and that is a key negative.

8. Can you make Havdalah motzei Yom Kippur from a ner generated by a match? What is ner sh’shovas?
a. Yes, as this mimics the fire “discovered” by Adam on motzei shabbos. Ner sh’shovas is a fire that was ignited before yom kippur and stayed lit the entire holiday. We use this ner to signify we were prohibited to use any fire on this holiest of days. 

9. May one use a flame from a furnace? How about the neiros in a shul? A yahrtzeit candle?
a. No. The ner havdalah must be initially lit/intended for illumination purposes only. A furnace was ignited to provide heat, not light. A yahrtzeit candle is intended to give honor to the deceased and therefore not acceptable.

10. Would a blind person recite the bracha on the ner Havdalah? Can he be motzei others?
a. No, they cannot as one must directly benefit from the ner. He cannot be motzei others with the bracha, according to many opinions.

11. How does the blind person and ner Havdalah differ from kiddush levana, where a blind person would recite the bracha?
a. Although a blind person cannot see the moon, kiddush levana is recited over the monthly renewal of the world , of which he is part of and derives direct benefit. 
Have a wonderful shabbos!

See you in shul,


Rabbi Aaron D. Mehlman
Erev shabbos kodesh Terumah 5779
Shabbos TimeTable
Erev Shabbos Kodesh, Parshas Terumah
Friday, February 8, 2019
Candle lighting 5:03 PM
Mincha/Kabbalos Shabbos 5:15 PM

Shabbos Kodesh, Parshas Terumah
Saturday, February 9, 2019
Shacharis 9:00 AM
Gala Kiddush 11:30 AM
Young Professional Halacha Chaburah 4:40pm
Mincha 5:00 PM
Daf Yomi - Chulin
Maariv / Shabbos ends 6:06 PM
Ohav Sholom Board
The congregation at its last membership meeting elected a new board of trustees for a 3 year term, consisting of:

Mark Becker
Micah Bloomfield
Dr. Etty Burk
Ken Cappell
Martin Epstein
Dr. Francine Katz
Steve Sieratzki, Esq.
Ohav Sholom | (212) 877-5850 | office@osnyc.org | www.osnyc.org