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In this issue: Starting A New Year While Grieving
How to Tackle A New Year
While Grieving
Grief Expert
Five Principles for Managing Grief in the New Year

Dear Dr. Neimeyer,

My husband died just over a year ago, so on January 1 I will start my second year without him, and I am not looking forward to it. It's not that I am immobilized by grief, as I have gotten better across the months in that department and actually feel pretty good and function pretty well when I am visiting our children across the country or traveling with friends. It's just that I feel lost and listless at home, even though there are a 100 things I need to be doing--from cleaning out closets to straightening the garage to finding something to do with my time. But it all just feels overwhelming, and so I just watch TV or curl up in bed. My friends tell me I have to stay busy, but it's not that easy. 

So my question is, do you have any practical advice for me so I can turn over a new leaf in the year to come?  - - Phyllis

Dear Phyllis,

As the saying goes, "There's a reason for the season," as the dawning of a New Year, if approached thoughtfully, can signal a time of renewal. 

It sounds like you have processed your grief and retained a capacity to live well and stay connected to others--at least when not at home. So perhaps with the turning of the calendar page you can also, as you say, turn a new leaf and cultivate the new shoots of possibility that may be germinating beneath it. Here are a few principles to guide your practice as you do so.

1.  Live your values.  The idea that "staying busy" is good for grievers is only half true. As with psychologists who recommend "behavioral activation," everything hinges on what you get active doing. Random behavior doesn't make for a meaningful life, nor is generic advice (get some exercise, go out with friends) specifically helpful to us when we are trying to figure out what kind of life might take shape in the emptiness created by loss. 

Begin with some inner work, perhaps in meditation or contemplation, perhaps in journaling or conversation with a counselor or trusted friend. Ask yourself:  What matters to me? What excites me, stirs me, or feels like time well spent? What are my ultimate values, and how can those inform my choices?  Perhaps you value altruistic service to others: What volunteer organization reaches out in a way you can support those in need? Perhaps you value learning: Is there a book club or meet-up group you can locate on the internet to share ideas about works of creative nonfiction or with which you might go on educational outings? Perhaps you value creativity: What art classes are offered in your area? In other words, connecting scheduled activities to deep interests can help you begin to reconstruct your life in the wake of loss. This helps you do so in a way that reorganizes your life and your time into a satisfying form.

2.  Reinvent your world .  As your home seems to be your "Twilight Zone," consider brightening it in some way. For example, you might literally introduce translucent and airy window treatments or experiment with new lights in the rooms in which you spend the most waking hours. Change things up by rearranging the furniture or painting the room to create a different feel to the space. There are home designers who specialize in working inexpensively with what you already own to create a fresh environment that can surprise and delight by configuring existing furniture and decor in different ways. It can be surprising what a difference a modest change in our living space can make.

3.  Invite people in . Especially if you try any of the other tips, but even if you don't, have a few friends over for hors d'oeuvres or desserts to "reclaim your space" for the life you want. Perhaps you can even throw a "house re-warming" party after the chill cast over the home by your husband's death. Set a trend with this, perhaps rotating monthly among the homes of those in your friendship circle, and rebuild bonds where these have grown frayed from neglect.

4.  Set process goals. Life requires maintenance, of course, and not all tasks are as potentially eye-catching as remodeling your living room. So when tackling that garage or closet, or even the routine and "invisible" tasks of cleaning bathrooms, paying bills, and the like, set a timer or play a series of favorite songs to mark 15 or 30 minutes, during which you'll stay on task, giving yourself permission to discontinue when the time is up. You can always return to the task the next day for a similar interval until the job gets done. Setting this sort of "process goal," rather than only giving yourself "credit" for completion, can help you side-step unfair self-criticism and overcome task avoidance as you make incremental progress.

5.  Track your successes. Many of us keep a to-do list, but the problem is that, as the list becomes long, our feeling of being overwhelmed grows large. And this is understandable. If we were presented with a warehouse full of food that we had to eat in our lifetimes, most of us would give up before taking the first bite! Instead of listing everything that needs attention, keep a list of tasks accomplished and post it on the refrigerator or in some other prominent space. The results can then serve to encourage rather than discourage future initiative.

    Robert A. Neimeyer, Ph.D ., is Professor in the Department of Psychology, University of Memphis, where he also maintains an active clinical practice. Neimeyer also serves as Director of the Portland Institute for Loss and Transition , which offers training and certification in grief therapy.  

Since completing his doctoral training at the University of Nebraska in 1982, Neimeyer has published 30 books, including a series of volumes on Techniques of Grief Therapy and Grief and the Expressive Arts the latter with Barbara Thompson, and serves as Editor of the journal Death Studies

The author of nearly 500 articles and book chapters, he is currently working to advance a more adequate theory of grieving as a meaning-making process, both in his published work and through his frequent professional workshops for national and international audiences.  

Neimeyer served as President of the Association for Death Education and Counseling (ADEC), and Chair of the International Work Group for Death, Dying & Bereavement. In recognition of his  contributions, he has been granted the Eminent Faculty Award by the University of Memphis, made a Fellow of the Clinical Psychology Division of the American Psychological Association, and given Lifetime Achievement Awards by both the Association for Death Education and Counseling and the International Network on Personal Meaning.

Thanks to After Talk for sharing Dr. Neimeyer's Q&A segments.

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